Tag Archives: Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala

LESSON TWENTY-SEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 2, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 26 |Gratitude to Allah

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Five  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 26  |

Gratitude to Allah

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “كُلُّ سُلَامَى مِنْ النَّاسِ عَلَيْهِ صَدَقَةٌ، كُلَّ يَوْمٍ تَطْلُعُ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ تَعْدِلُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُعِينُ الرَّجُلَ فِي دَابَّتِهِ فَتَحْمِلُهُ عَلَيْهَا أَوْ تَرْفَعُ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا مَتَاعَهُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَالْكَلِمَةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَبِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ تَمْشِيهَا إلَى الصَّلَاةِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُمِيطُ الْأَذَى عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ صَدَقَةٌ”

.[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said “Every joint of a person must perform a charity each day that the sun rises: to judge justly between two people is a charity. To help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it, is a charity. And the good word is a charity. And every step that you take towards the prayer is a charity, and removing a harmful object from the road is a charity.”     [Bukhaari] [Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

The meaning of this Hadith is, that the structure and organization of the bones of the body and their safety is indeed a very great blessing that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has granted each of His slaves … so that every bone demands that we give back a charity (Sadaqah) on behalf of it as an expression of gratitude for this great blessing.

Like the previous Hadith (#25), Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam also explains that charity does not necessarily mean material wealth that a person has to give, but varieties of (other) deeds have been mentioned in this Hadith, which tantamount to giving charity eg: to act justly in a dispute between two people is also regarded as charity ; a kind word is also regarded as charity ; removing a harmful object from the road is also regarded as charity.

So, the outward meaning of this Hadith shows that gratitude together with this Sadaqah (that has been discussed) is necessary for every Believer, in every day of our life. One way of expressing this gratitude is by doing these actions that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned in this particular Hadith.

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LESSON TWENTY-SIX | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 2, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 25 |Equal Opportunity

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Six  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 25  |

Equal Opportunity

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَيْضًا، “أَنَّ نَاسًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالُوا لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ذَهَبَ أَهْلُ الدُّثُورِ بِالْأُجُورِ؛ يُصَلُّونَ كَمَا نُصَلِّي، وَيَصُومُونَ كَمَا نَصُومُ، وَيَتَصَدَّقُونَ بِفُضُولِ أَمْوَالِهِمْ. قَالَ: أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ مَا تَصَّدَّقُونَ؟ إنَّ بِكُلِّ تَسْبِيحَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَكْبِيرَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَحْمِيدَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَهْلِيلَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَأَمْرٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ صَدَقَةٌ، وَنَهْيٌ عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ صَدَقَةٌ، وَفِي بُضْعِ أَحَدِكُمْ صَدَقَةٌ. قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَيَأْتِي أَحَدُنَا شَهْوَتَهُ وَيَكُونُ لَهُ فِيهَا أَجْرٌ؟ قَالَ: أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ وَضَعَهَا فِي حَرَامٍ أَكَانَ عَلَيْهِ وِزْرٌ؟ فَكَذَلِكَ إذَا وَضَعَهَا فِي الْحَلَالِ، كَانَ لَهُ أَجْرٌ”

  [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Also on the authority of Hazrat Abu Dharr Radiallahu Anhu : Some people from amongst the Companions of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, “O Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], the affluent have made off with the rewards; they pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give [much] in charity by virtue of their wealth.” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Has not Allah made things for you to give in charity? Truly every Tasbeehah [saying: ‘Subhan-Allah’] is a charity, and every Takbeerah [saying: ‘Allahu Akbar’] is a charity, and every Tahmeedah [saying: ‘Al-hamdu lillah’] is a charity, and every Tahleelah [saying: ‘Laa ilaha ilAllah’] is a charity. And commanding the good is a charity, and forbidding an evil is a charity, and in the bud`i [sexual act] of each one of you there is a charity.” They said, “Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], when one of us fulfils his carnal desire will he have some reward for that?” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Do you not see that if he were to act upon it [his desire] in an unlawful manner then he would be deserving of punishment? Likewise, if he were to act upon it in a lawful manner then he will be deserving of a reward.” [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we learn that one can do good works of charity, not necessarily by giving out material possessions (eg: money) to the poor. But, one could also gain the reward of charity by the mere recitation of SubhaanAllah, Allahu Akbar, Alhumdulilah, Laa ilaha ilAllah, or commanding somebody with good, or prohibiting evil, or even the correct utilization of one’s private parts and fulfilling one’s desires with one’s wife. All these are equivalent in reaping the same rewards that a person attains when giving out monetary charity.

We learn further, of the strong desire and eagerness that these Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum possessed to perform righteous deeds and actions coupled with the grief that they used to suffer due to not being able to do those good deeds. These Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum were very poor and presumed that the only way to give charity was with property and wealth. They lacked material possessions to execute monetary charitable actions of Shariah … eg: they would grieve over staying behind from expeditions of Jihaad due to lack of weaponry and conveyance that they could not meet the expense of.

Hence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  explained to them all the varieties of virtues and good actions a person could do, that are regarded to be different types of charity (Sadaqah).

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LESSON THIRTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

July 27, 2017

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 • LESSON THIRTEEN •

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 12 |Leaving that which does not Concern One | DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON THIRTEEN   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 12  |

Leaving that which does not Concern One

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم

مِنْ حُسْنِ إسْلَامِ الْمَرْءِ تَرْكُهُ مَا لَا يَعْنِيهِ :

[حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم: 2318] ، ابن ماجه [رقم:3976

 

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhu narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Part of the perfection [excellence] of a person’s Islam is that he leaves what does not concern him.”

 [At-Tirmidhi]

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

This Hadith highlights the importance of refraining from all those words or deeds that do not concern oneself. A person should refrain from vain talk and futile actions. He should avoid irrelevant questions, unimportant discussions, and refrain from expressing his own opinions regarding any matters of Deen. Instead, he should make use of his time correctly and spend his efforts and energy in those matters which are beneficial to him.

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhu mentioned in a narration : “The people with the most wrong actions are those who speak most about what does not concern them.” 

Hazrat Luqmaan Alayhis Salaam was asked, how did he achieve a high rank … He mentioned : “Speaking the truth, fulfilling a trust and abandoning all those things that did not concern him.”

A person should hence ponder over the fact that death awaits him, and he will be questioned for every word that he spoke and for every action that he did. Perhaps he will be asked : “Why did you utter that statement?”… “Was it necessary or futile?” … “Did it benefit you in anyway?” … “Would it have harmed you if you did not speak or utter those words?” … “Had you remained silent, would you not have been kept safe from any effects or consequences of that statement?” … “Why did you not in place of that statement, recite Zikrullah [SubhaanAllah, Alhumdulilah, La ilaaha ilAllah] in that time that you wasted?” …

Hence, the Salaf-e-Sauliheen, like Hasan Basri Rahmatullah Alayh used to say : “We met such pious people who were more concerned about valuing their time, just like how you are concerned about gathering your Dinars and Dirhams …”

We have learnt in this Hadith, that, the perfection [kamaal] of the Islam of any person, lies in the retainment of all types of futility.

 

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LESSON TWELVE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

July 27, 2017

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 • LESSON TWELVE •

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 11 |Being Cautious of the Doubtful | DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON TWELVE   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 11  | 

Being Cautious of the Doubtful

 

عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ سِبْطِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم وَرَيْحَانَتِهِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا،

قَالَ: حَفِظْت مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “دَعْ مَا يُرِيبُك إلَى مَا لَا يُرِيبُك

[وَالنَّسَائِيّ] ،[رقم:2520 رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ]

وَقَالَ التِّرْمِذِيُّ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

 

Hazrat Abu Muhammad Al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abi Taalib, the grandson of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, and the one who is dearest to him, Radiallahu Anhuma said : I committed to memory from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam (the following words):

“Leave that which makes you doubt, for that which does not make you doubt.”

[Al-Tirmidhi and al-Nasaíi related it, and al-Tirmidhi said: It is a good and sound Hadith]

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

This Hadith highlights the importance of refraining from anything that is ambiguous and doubtful. Doubtful things cause unrest and agitation in the heart. A person then becomes hesitant and restless. He is unsure whether he could engage in that particular action or consume that particular food or not, hence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, very simply has mentioned to us a principle that we should leave out anything that is doubtful for that which is not doubtful. We have been exhorted to become scrupulous. There have been many incidents of the Salaf-e-Sauliheen where because of some doubt that occurred, they would leave out thousands of Dinars that they would have received as inheritance.

So, we have been shown a method that will leave us with peace and tranquillity in our hearts by adopting this clear principle.

When a person is scrupulous then :

  • it will lead him to enjoy a tranquil heart and a peaceful mind ;
  • it will distance him from anything that is reprehensible or Haraam ;
  • he will become more cautious in following Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s command ;
  • it will assist him in his dua’s being answered because Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala answers a person’s dua when his income is Halaal and he consumes Halaal ;
  • and, it will save a person from the punishment of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

There is an incident behind this Hadith, wherein Sayiddina Hassan, the son of Hazrat Ali Radiallahu Anhuma, was asked : “What do you remember from  Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam ?” He said : “ I remember that I had taken a date from the dates of Sadaqah and I put it in my mouth. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam quickly removed it from my mouth and cast it aside.” A person then asked : “What was the problem in you eating the date?”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam explained to me that …“We [Ahle Bayt] do not eat Sadaqah”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  further explained : “دَعْ مَا يُرِيبُك إلَى مَا لَا يُرِيبُك “Leave that which makes you doubt, for that which does not make you doubt.”

 

 

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LESSON ELEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

May 11, 2017

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 • LESSON ELEVEN •

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 10 | Acceptance of Deeds | DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON ELEVEN   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 10  |

Acceptance of Good Deeds

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم : إنَّ اللَّهَ طَيِّبٌ لَا يَقْبَلُ إلَّا طَيِّبًا، وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ بِمَا أَمَرَ بِهِ الْمُرْسَلِينَ 

فَقَالَ تَعَالَى : يَا أَيُّهَا الرُّسُلُ كُلُوا مِنْ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَاعْمَلُوا صَالِحًا،

وَقَالَ تَعَالَى: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُلُوا مِنْ طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ” ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ الرَّجُلَ يُطِيلُ السَّفَرَ أَشْعَثَ أَغْبَرَ يَمُدُّ يَدَيْهِ إلَى السَّمَاءِ: يَا رَبِّ! يَا رَبِّ! وَمَطْعَمُهُ حَرَامٌ، وَمَشْرَبُهُ حَرَامٌ، وَمَلْبَسُهُ حَرَامٌ، وَغُذِّيَ بِالْحَرَامِ، فَأَنَّى يُسْتَجَابُ لَهُ؟

  [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhu narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Allah [the Almighty] is Good and accepts only that which is good. And verily Allah has commanded the believers to do that which He has commanded the Messengers.

So the Almighty has said: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibat [all kinds of Halaal (legal) foods], and perform righteous deeds.” [23:51] and the Almighty has said: “O you who believe! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you.” [2:172]” .

Then he (ﷺ) mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is dishevelled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky saying “O Lord! O Lord!,” while his food is haram (unlawful), his drink is haram, his clothing is haram, and he has been nourished with haram, so how can [his supplication] be answered?

 [Saheeh Muslim]


|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith we have been exhorted to consume pure and wholesome food. One of the most important things by which a Mu’min obtains pure actions and deeds, is pure food which is Halaal. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is wholly Pure and free from all defects and deficiencies. He is At~Tayyib [pure] and He only accepts that which is pure.

So, in this Hadith there is an indication that action is only acceptable and it is only pure, through eating Halaal wholesome food. Haraam food corrupts actions and prevents the acceptance of Du’a.


• Hazrat Sa’ad Bin Abi Waqqas Radiallahu Anhu asked Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam : “Ya Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], ask Allah to make me, one who’s Dua’s are answered [Mustajaabad-Da’wah]. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : Sa’ad, make your food pure [Halaal] and your supplications will be answered. By the one in whose hand is the life of Muhammed Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the slave will cast a Haraam [impure] morsel in his belly and because of it, Allah will not accept his action for 40 days. And any slave whose flesh was rose upon Interest and Usury, then the fire is most appropriate for it”. [Ibn Kathir] 

• Someone asked Hazrat Sa’ad Bin Abi Waqqas Radiallahu Anhu  : “How is it that all your Dua’s [supplications] amongst all the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum are answered?”. Hazrat Sa’ad Bin Abi Waqqas Radiallahu Anhu said : “When I raise a morsel to my mouth, I know where it came from and what it came out of”. [Hilyatul Awliyaa] 

• Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : Whoever buys a garment for 10 Dirhams and 1 Dirham [of it] is Haraam, then Allah will not accept his prayer for as long as he wears that garment. Hazrat Abdullah ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhu narrated this Hadith and then he put his fingers in his ears and said : “May they become deaf if I did not hear it from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam”. [Musnad Ahmed]

• Abu Dawood in his Marāsīl mentioned : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : Whoever gains wealth from a criminal act and gives it as a gift to relatives, or pays Sadaqah [charity] from it, or spends it in the path of Allah, then Allah will gather all that and cast it with him into the fire of Jahannum”.

• Hazrat ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab Radiallahu Anhum mentioned : “By one’s scrupulous avoidance of that which Allah forbids, Allah accepts supplications and glorifications”.

• Sufyaan Thauri Rahmatullah Alayh mentioned : One who uses Haraam wealth in noble works, is like one who endeavours to purify his clothes in urine”.

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LESSON TEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

May 4, 2017

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bismi 

• LESSON TEN • DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 9 | Submission to Revelation  | DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON TEN   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 9  |

Submission to Revelation

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ صَخْرٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ

مَا نَهَيْتُكُمْ عَنْهُ فَاجْتَنِبُوهُ، وَمَا أَمَرْتُكُمْ بِهِ فَأْتُوا مِنْهُ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ، فَإِنَّمَا أَهْلَكَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ كَثْرَةُ مَسَائِلِهِمْ وَاخْتِلَافُهُمْ عَلَى أَنْبِيَائِهِمْ

 [رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah Abdur`Rahman ibn Sakhr Radiallahu Anhu narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“What I have forbidden for you, avoid. What I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you can. For verily, it was only the excessive questioning and their disagreeing with their Prophets that destroyed [the nations] who were before you”.

 [Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

 This Hadith prohibits excessive questioning, because this practice destroyed previous nations. They had questioned their Ambiya Alayhimus~salaatu was~salaam and then still acted contrary to their teachings.

This Ummah has been warned by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam of adopting the same attitude. Therefore, we should refrain from asking unnecessary questions, or questions indulging in details and technicalities, or questions that will lead to confusion or doubt, or questions that will bring difficulty upon us if we are given the answer [ie: the action may be difficult to carry out if we are given the answer to that particular question].

 . . .

To understand this Hadith, we look into an incident which prompted Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam to mention this particular Hadith :

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had addressed the Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum and said : “O people, Allah has made Hajj compulsory upon you, so perform the Hajj”. A man asked : “…Every year, O Messenger of Allah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam]?Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam remained silent. The man asked the same question three times. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam then said : “If I said yes, it [Hajj] would become obligatory upon you [to perform it every year] and you would not be able to do it”. Then Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “Leave me, as I leave you … for all that destroyed those before you was their questioning and their disagreement with their Messengers. So when I tell you to do something, do of it that which you are able [to the best of your ability] and if I forbid you something, then leave it alone”. . [Sahih Muslim]

We are forbidden to ask about a great deal of those things [which are Halaal and Haraam], and which it is feared, the question would cause revelation of some hardship.

Hence, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentions in another Hadith :

إِنَّ أَعْظَمَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فِي الْمُسْلِمِينَ جُرْمًا مَنْ سَأَلَ عَنْ أَمْرٍ لَمْ يُحَرَّمْ فَحُرِّمَ عَلَى النَّاسِ مِنْ أَجْلِ مَسْأَلَتِهِ

The greatest criminal of the Muslims against the Muslims is someone who asks about something [which has not been forbidden], but then it is declared forbidden because of his asking. [Sunan Abi Dawud]

. . . 

Imaam Awza’ee Rahmatullah Alayh mentions :When Allah wants to deprive His servant the blessing of knowledge, He puts questions on his tongue, which are designed to cause difficulty to the people of knowledge [the Ulema] … I think they are the people with the least knowledge … ”.

Imaam Maalik Rahmatullah Alayh use to say : Arguing [unnecessary disputing and wrangling] about knowledge, removes the Noor of knowledge from a man’s heart”.

So, in this Hadith, our attention has been drawn to the fact that we should be pre-occupied with putting into effect the command of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and we should be avoiding his prohibition. This will keep us busy so that we do not have to ask any other questions.

When we hear a command or prohibition, our concern should not be directed towards speculation about matters which might or might not happen.

 

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LESSON NINE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

April 20, 2017

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LESSON NINE • DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 8 | The Sanctity of a Muslim | DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON NINE   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 8  |

The Sanctity of a Muslim

عَنْ ابْنِ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ : أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ حَتَّى يَشْهَدُوا أَنْ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ، وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ؛ فَإِذَا فَعَلُوا ذَلِكَ عَصَمُوا مِنِّي دِمَاءَهُمْ وَأَمْوَالَهُمْ إلَّا بِحَقِّ الْإِسْلَامِ، وَحِسَابُهُمْ عَلَى اللَّهِ تَعَالَى

 [رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ] 

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhuma narrates : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said,

I have been commanded to fight against the people [idolaters] until they testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad [Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam] is the Messenger of Allah, and until they establish the Salaah and pay the Zakaah. And if they do that then they will have gained protection from me for their lives and property, unless [they commit acts that are punishable] in Islam, and their reckoning will be with Allah.

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

One needs to analyse the background of this Hadith and the context it was said, to understand this Hadith correctly.

As a result of the Arab polytheists breaking their treaty with the Muslims ; murdering many people of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam’s allies ; persecuting the Muslims for many years ; breaking their oaths and pacts ; causing bloodshed and showing open aggression and hostility against the Muslims … it was in this circumstance that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentioned this Hadith, saying : “I have been commanded to fight against the people [idolaters] until they say Laa ilaaha ilallah”, so that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam could save his community from further harm.

Fighting was a policy of last resort, when all other means had failed. The Muslims would first give Da`wah [invite] the non-muslims and polytheists towards Islam in an excellent manner. Endeavours were made to stop the hostilities, for the enemy to put down their weapons and live peacefully under the Muslim rule, either by embracing Islam voluntarily, or, if they wished to remain on their own creeds and religions, they would have to pay Jizyah [a small amount of tax] to the Muslims.

However, if all this failed and the polytheist resort to fighting, that is when Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam would react to a combative aggression in the same way.

So, whilst inclining to absolute peace with the enemy, there were times when Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and the Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum had to combat the aggression of the enemy, when they insisted on fighting the Muslims.

The word أُقَاتِلَ mentioned in this Hadith means to “fight or oppose” and not the verb قَتَلَ [qatala] which means to “kill”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam was commanded to oppose and not kill. Also, this particular Arabic verb implies that it is not a one~sided action but a participation of both sides. In other words, when somebody attacks you first [with the intent to kill you], you oppose the person and defend yourself [fight back] in response to the opponents aggression.

Note : The word النَّاسَ in this Hadith, refers to only those [Mushrikeen of Makkah/Arab polytheists] who were waging war against the Muslims and not the Ahle~Kitaab [Jews and Christians].

Islam commanded the Muslims to be just to people of other faiths [eg: Jews Christians, pagans]. Islam calls us to treat them kindly and win their hearts as long as they do not take up arms against Muslims.

In fact, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Qur’aan :

لَا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ

Allah forbids you from not dealing kindly and justly with those who neither fight against you or drive you out of your homes. For Allah loves those who are just. [Surah Al-Mumtahinah 60:8]

And, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentions in a Hadith :

مَنْ قَتَلَ مُعَاهِدًا لَمْ يَرَحْ رَائِحَةَ الْجَنَّةِ، وَإِنَّ رِيحَهَا تُوجَدُ مِنْ مَسِيرَةِ أَرْبَعِينَ عَامًا

Whoever kills any person [despite having a peace covenant with this person], then this person [the Muslim] will not smell the fragrance of Paradise, though its smell is perceived from a distance of forty years [Saheeh Bukhaari]

It should be understood that the Qur’aan rejects force conversion to Islam. It was not obligatory for the polytheists to accept Islam in order to make peace with the Muslims. If they stopped their hostilities against the Muslims and sought refuge, then the Muslims were commanded to grant them protection and safe passage even if they did not accept Islam.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Qur’aan :

لَّسْتَ عَلَيْهِم بِمُصَيْطِرٍ

You are not a dictator over them. [Surah Al-Ghaashiyah 88:22]

In other words, you cannot force someone to accept Islam.

There are several examples in the Seerah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, when Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam stopped the Muslims from killing any enemy, who on the battlefield recites the Shahadah [Kalimah] and accepts Islam. Hence, if any person embraces Islam, then the Muslims will have to treat him like any another Muslim [ie: this person’s life and property are protected and is sacred].

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam says : وَحِسَابُهُمْ عَلَى اللَّهِ Wa Hisaabuhum alallahand their reckoning will be with Allah. The meaning of Wa Hisaabuhum alallah  is : we are not responsible for their internal conditions, and we are only responsible for the external conditions of the person. Hence, if a person has affirmed his Shahadah [Kalimah] and shows himself as a Muslim [he observes his Salaah and discharges his Zakaah] then one has to regard him as a Muslim. It is left to the knowledge of Allah whether he is a Believer or disbeliever and whether he is sincere or not.

 

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LESSON SIX | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

March 10, 2017

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• LESSON SIX • DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 5 | Innovations (Bid’ah) | DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON SIX   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 5  |

Innovations (Bid’ah)

 

: عَنْ أُمِّ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ أُمِّ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ عَائِشَةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهَا، قَالَتْ

قَالَ: رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم : مَنْ أَحْدَثَ فِي أَمْرِنَا هَذَا مَا لَيْسَ مِنْهُ فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ لِمُسْلِمٍ : مَنْ عَمِلَ عَمَلًا لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرُنَا فَهُوَ رَدٌّ

The Mother of the Believers (Ummu Abdillah), Hazrat Aa’ishah Radiallahu Anha narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “He who innovates something in this matter (Deen) of ours that is not of it, then it will be rejected”.

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

Another version in Saheeh Muslim reads : “Whoever does an act which our matter (Deen) is not (in agreement with) will be rejected (by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala)”.


|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |


  Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has perfected, completed and chosen the Deen of Islam for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and his Ummah.

  Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions this in the Noble Qur’aan :

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا 

This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. [Surah Al-Maa’idah 5:3]

  Since Islam is complete, perfect and clear, there is no need to introduce anything new, change anything (of it), or add anything unknown (which does not form part of the Deen) to it.

  By introducing new beliefs or principles to the Deen, suggests that the Deen has shortfalls and is incomplete. This is absolutely false.

  It is for this reason that Imaam Maalik Rahmatullahi Alayh said : “He who has perpetrated Bid’ah (innovation), has held, that Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has erred in conveying Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s commandments”.

  Shariah has commanded us to hold firmly onto the Qur’aan and Sunnah. In the commentary of this particular Hadith, Imaam NawawiRahmatullahi Alayh and other scholars have explained, that this Hadith should be memorized and used as a measure to nullify and combat any innovations in Deen.

  Just as ‘Innamal a’maalu binniyaat’ (the first Hadeeth of the Arba’een) concentrates on the inner actions of a person, similarly, this Hadith deals with the outer actions of a person being in conformity with the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.

  Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadith :

كُلُّ أُمَّتِي يَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ، إِلاَّ مَنْ أَبَى ‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَمَنْ يَأْبَى قَالَ ‏: مَنْ أَطَاعَنِي دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ، وَمَنْ عَصَانِي فَقَدْ أَبَى ‏

 “Every Ummati (of mines) will enter Jannah except those who refuse”. The Sahaabah (Radhiallahu Anhum) asked : “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) Who refuses?” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said : “He, who obeys me will enter Jannah, and the one who disobeys me is the one who refuses to enter Jannah”. [Saheeh Buhkaari]

 | DEFINITION OF BID’AH |

What is Bid’ah? An innovation (bid’ah) is an act or belief which does not have it’s origin/evidence in the Qur’aan, Sunnah or in the glorious era of the Sahaabah Radhiallahu Anhum and Taabi’een and is done with the intention of gaining reward and is regarded to be as part of Deen.

 |  BID’AH ~ INNOVATIONS |

There are various forms of Bid’ah (innovations) that are ‘introduced’ or ‘innovated’ to the religion of Islam.

  • Very many un-Islamic practices take place in the ‘name of Islam’, with specific dates set aside celebrating births, deaths, wedding occasions etc.
  • Specifying virtuous days with various types of worship which have not been legislated are all part of Bid’ah.
  • Ulema have mentioned from various narrations, that when a person involves himself in Bid’ah (innovation), then in reality, he deprives himself of practising upon the Sunnah.
  • Hasan Basri Rahmatullahi Alayh mentioned : “Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala does not accept the fasting, Salaah, Hajj nor the Umrah, of an innovator until he abandons (leaves) the innovation”.
  • Ibn Al-Qayyim Rahmatullahi Alayh mentioned : “Those hearts that are pre-occupied with innovations (in Deen), they turn away from the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.


 | SUMMARY OF THE HADITH |

  • An act is clearly part of the religion of Islam if it has acceptable evidence for it in the Qur’aan, Sunnah, consensus and what can be derived from those sources.
  • If an act is inconsistent with the Qur’aan and Sunnah it is void and worthless. The act will be rejected by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. It will bear no reward.
  • The one who introduces such an innovation and the one who practices it later are all equal in having their innovation rejected.
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LESSON FIVE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

March 5, 2017

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•   LESSON FIVE   •    DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 4 | Deeds are by their Final Actions   |   DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON FIVE   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 4  |

 DEEDS ARE BY THEIR FINAL ACTIONS


عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم -وَهُوَ الصَّادِقُ الْمَصْدُوقُ-: “إنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ يُجْمَعُ خَلْقُهُ فِي بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا نُطْفَةً، ثُمَّ يَكُونُ عَلَقَةً مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، ثُمَّ يَكُونُ مُضْغَةً مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، ثُمَّ يُرْسَلُ إلَيْهِ الْمَلَكُ فَيَنْفُخُ فِيهِ الرُّوحَ، وَيُؤْمَرُ بِأَرْبَعِ كَلِمَاتٍ: بِكَتْبِ رِزْقِهِ، وَأَجَلِهِ، وَعَمَلِهِ، وَشَقِيٌّ أَمْ سَعِيدٌّ ؛ فَوَاَللَّهِ الَّذِي لَا إلَهَ غَيْرُهُ إنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ حَتَّى مَا يَكُونُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهَا إلَّا ذِرَاعٌ فَيَسْبِقُ عَلَيْهِ الْكِتَابُ فَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ النَّارِ فَيَدْخُلُهَا. وَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ النَّارِ حَتَّى مَا يَكُونُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَهَا إلَّا ذِرَاعٌ فَيَسْبِقُ عَلَيْهِ الْكِتَابُ فَيَعْمَلُ بِعَمَلِ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ فَيَدْخُلُهَا

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

 Hazrat Abdullah ibn Masood Radiallahu Anhu narrates : that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the truthful, the believed, said :

“The creation of any one of you is gathered in the womb of his mother for forty days as a drop (نُطْفَةً nutfah), then later a blood clot (عَلَقَةً alaqah) for the like of that (for 40 days), then later a morsel of flesh (مُضْغَةً mudghah) for the like of that (40 days). Then the angel is sent to him and breathes the Ruh (spirit) into him, and he is commanded with four words : with writing his provision ; his life-span ; his action ; and whether he is fortunate or unfortunate. By Allah the One other than Whom there is no god, one of you will do the actions of people of Jannah until there is only a ‘cubit’ between him and it, then the decree will overtake him, he will do the actions of the people of the fire and thus enter it. Verily, one of you will do the actions of the people of the Fire until there only remains a cubit between him and it, then the decree will overtake him, he will do the actions of the people of Jannah and so enter it”.

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

 

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |


  • This Hadith discusses the three stages of human foetal development, ie : ‘from a drop of sperm till the Ruh (life) is blown into the foetus’.

 

  • The first stage of development, is when the drop is deposited into the ovum, and remains as a liquid (نُطْفَةً nutfah) for 40 days. During the next stage, a further 40 days, it then transforms into a clot of congealed blood (عَلَقَةً alaqah). And finally, in the next period of 40 days it becomes an embryonic lump (مُضْغَةً mudghah). At this ending stage, life is then put into the foetus.

 

  • This Hadith then discusses the decree of each child with regard to it’s :

(1) Sustenance (Rizq) ; (2) Action (‘Amal) ; (3) Life-span (Ajal) ; (4) Success or failure (Shaqiyyun or Saeed) in the Hereafter

 

|  SOME IMPORTANT LESSONS DERIVED FROM THIS HADITH  |

(1) Meditation upon one’s origin.

(2) No person can claim with certainty that he/she is a Jannati (destined for paradise), nor be over-confident and boast over his/her righteous deeds and actions, because their ‘end condition’ is not known, ie : whether the person will die on Imaan or not.

(3) Actions are dependant upon the end conditions, which is termed as ‘Al Khaatamah’ (a good ending).

(4) A Muslim should not relax, but strive in doing good deeds till the very last moments of his/her life.

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LESSON FOUR | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

February 26, 2017

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•   LESSON FOUR   •    DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 3 | Islam is built on Five Pillars    |   DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF
 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON FOUR   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 3  |

ISLAM IS BUILT ON 5 PILLARS

 

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ :  بُنِيَ الْإِسْلَامُ عَلَى خَمْسٍ: شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، وَإِقَامِ الصَّلَاةِ، وَإِيتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ، وَحَجِّ الْبَيْتِ، وَصَوْمِ رَمَضَانَ • رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُ ، وَمُسْلِمٌ

Hazrat Abdullah, the son of Hazrat ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab Radiallahu Anhuma, said:

I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam say, “Islam has been built on five [pillars]: testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, establishing the Salaah (prayer), paying the Zakaat (obligatory charity), making the Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House, and fasting in (the month of) Ramadaan.” [Saheeh Bukhari] [Saheeh Muslim]


|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

“Islam has been built on five [pillars]

Islam is like a structure built on five pillars. The Kalimah (Imaan) forms the central pillar and the remaining four pillars, give support to the overall structure.

 

testifying that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah

  • The first and most fundamental Pillar (of Islam) is the Kalimah (Imaan). Our salvation in the Aakhirah depends on the acceptance of Islam and Imaan. One has to believe in the Kalimah Tayyibah sincerely and affirm its meaning. This Kalimah is the basis of our entire Deen. Without this Kalimah (Imaan) our good deeds will not be accepted by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.
  • When one recites the Kalimah sincerely the doors of the sky are opened for it, until this Kalimah reaches the Arsh of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala [Tirmidhi].
  • If the Kalimah had to placed on one pan of the scale and the skies and the earth in the other pan, the Kalimah will outweigh the latter.
     

establishing the Salaah (prayer),

  • After the Kalimah, the next most important pillar of this structure of Deen is Salaah. The implementation of Salaah becomes a great shield against sins and acts of disobedience. Salaah is a deliverance on the Day of Qiyaamah for those who used to observe it well. The very first A’mal (deed) concerning Huququllah (the rights of Allah) of which man will be will be accountable for on the day of Qiyamah, will be Salaah. If the Salaah is found to be sound, the rest of his deeds will also be satisfactory.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan:

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَوَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ

And they who carefully maintain their prayers – [Surat Al-Mu’minūn 23:9]

  • Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentioned : “The coolness of my eyes has been placed in Salaah”.
  • The parting advice of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam just before he left this world were “الصَّلاَةَ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ” … The prayer; and those whom your (right hands) possess. [Sunan Ibn Majah], which means : Vigilantly observe, guard and establish the Salaah and fear Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala regarding your slaves and your subordinates.

Some of the Virtues of Salaah are the following : (1) Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will forgive his sins. (2) He will not be counted amongst the Ghaafileen (negligent one’s). (3) His minor sins are shed off his body. (4) It will be a means of Nur (light), Burhan (proof) and Najaat (salvation) for him on the day of Qiyaamah. (5) He will gain the Mercy and blessings of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. (6) Salaah is a key to Jannah.

 

paying the Zakaat (obligatory charity),

 Zakaat purifies and eliminates the impurities that have accumulated in a person’s wealth.

  • Zakaat also means to ‘grow’ and thus is a means of increasing the barakah of a person’s wealth.
  • When a person does not discharge his Zakaat, this will result in misfortune and calamities settling over him. There will be depletion in wealth and elimination of Barakah. People will suffer famine. And, he will be thrown into Jahannum.
  • It is mentioned in the Ahaadeeth, that those who hoard gold and silver, but did not discharge Zakaat regarding it, will be punished with the same wealth (of gold and silver) for a duration of 50 000 years on the day of Qiyamah.
     

and fasting the month of Ramadan.’”

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan : 

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous. [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:183]

  • The importance of fasting (the fourth pillar of Islam) is abundantly established in numerous verses of the Noble Qur’aan and the Ahaadeeth of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. The superiority of fasting over other deeds, is in relation to certain special characteristics, such as, the degree of sincerity. Fasting has in it a very inconspicuous nature, whereas other acts of Ibaadah (Salaah, Zakaat, Hajj) are conspicuous in varying degrees. Fasting is totally concealed. Only Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is aware whether the person is fasting or not, hence it Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in a Hadith-e-Qudsi : الصَّوْمُ لِي وَأَنَا أَجْزِي بِهِ ، Fasting is for Me, and I Myself, will reward the fasting person. [Saheeh Bukhaari]
  • By virtue of fasting, a person is protected from internal and external diseases.
  • A person who is fasting experiences two occasions of delight : (1) When he meets his Rabb and receives his reward for fasting (2) and the other at the time of Iftaar.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadith : “الصِّيَامُ جُنَّةٌ” Fasting is a shield. [Saheeh Muslim]. It protects a person from the fire of Jahannum and from sin.

 

making pilgrimage to the House

  • Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. It is obligatory for a person to make Hajj of the Baitullah (for the sake of Allah). For all those who have the ability and them means to perform the Hajj. Hajj is actually a demonstration of the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and this flavour of love permeates in the different acts of Hajj. A stern warning has been given to those who have ‘the means’ both physically and financially, but neglect this command of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.
  • Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned : Whoever has the provisions and the means to convey him to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s house (the Kaabah) and he does not perform Hajj, then it does not matter if he dies as a Jew or a Christian. [Tirmidhi]
  • Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :Whoever performs Hajj and does not commit any obscenity or transgression shall return [free from sins] as he was on the day his mother gave birth to him”. [Saheeh Bukhaari]

For a Hajj, free from evil, vice and sin, there is no reward but Jannah.

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LESSON THREE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

February 23, 2017

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bismillahh

 •   LESSON THREE   •    DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 2 | Hadith-e-Jibra’eel | Islam > Imaan > Ihsaan    |   DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON THREE   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


 

|  HADITH 2  |

 HADITH-E-JIBRA’EEL |  ISLAM • IMAAN • IHSAAN

 

عَنْ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَيْضًا قَالَ: ” بَيْنَمَا نَحْنُ جُلُوسٌ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ، إذْ طَلَعَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلٌ شَدِيدُ بَيَاضِ الثِّيَابِ، شَدِيدُ سَوَادِ الشَّعْرِ، لَا يُرَى عَلَيْهِ أَثَرُ السَّفَرِ، وَلَا يَعْرِفُهُ مِنَّا أَحَدٌ. حَتَّى جَلَسَ إلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم . فَأَسْنَدَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ إلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ، وَوَضَعَ كَفَّيْهِ عَلَى فَخِذَيْهِ، وَقَالَ: يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ الْإِسْلَامِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم الْإِسْلَامُ أَنْ تَشْهَدَ أَنْ لَا إلَهَ إلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، وَتُقِيمَ الصَّلَاةَ، وَتُؤْتِيَ الزَّكَاةَ، وَتَصُومَ رَمَضَانَ، وَتَحُجَّ الْبَيْتَ إنْ اسْتَطَعْتَ إلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا. قَالَ: صَدَقْتَ . فَعَجِبْنَا لَهُ يَسْأَلُهُ وَيُصَدِّقُهُ قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ الْإِيمَانِ قَالَ: أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِاَللَّهِ وَمَلَائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ، وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِ قَالَ: صَدَقْت. قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ الْإِحْسَانِ قَالَ: أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ كَأَنَّك تَرَاهُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاك قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ السَّاعَةِ. قَالَ: مَا الْمَسْئُولُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَمَ مِنْ السَّائِلِ  قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ أَمَارَاتِهَا؟ قَالَ: أَنْ تَلِدَ الْأَمَةُ رَبَّتَهَا، وَأَنْ تَرَى الْحُفَاةَ الْعُرَاةَ الْعَالَةَ رِعَاءَ الشَّاءِ يَتَطَاوَلُونَ فِي الْبُنْيَانِ. ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ، فَلَبِثْتُ مَلِيًّا، ثُمَّ قَالَ: يَا عُمَرُ أَتَدْرِي مَنْ السَّائِلُ؟ قُلْتُ: اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ  قَالَ: فَإِنَّهُ جِبْرِيلُ أَتَاكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ دِينَكُمْ ” • رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ 

Hazrat ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu, narrates :

While we were sitting with Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam one day, there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, rested his knees against the knees of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and placed his palms over his thighs, and said : “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam”.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam replied : “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform Salaah, pay the Zakaah, fast during (the month of) Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Kaabah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (ie: find the means for making the journey to it).” He (the man)  said : “You have spoken the truth”.

We were astonished at his questioning him (ﷺ) and then affirming what he (ﷺ) had mentioned, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith)”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam answered : “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in Divine Decree (Qadr), both in its good and in its evil.” He (the man)  said : “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsaan”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam answered : “It is that you should worship Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you”. He (the man)  said, “Inform me about the Hour (Qiyaamah)”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner”. So He (the man) said, “Well, inform me about its signs”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, naked, destitute, herdsmen of sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings”.

“Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I (‘Umar) replied : “Allah and His Messenger know better”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “That was Jibra’eel (Alayhis Salaam) He came to teach you your Deen (religion)”.

 [Saheeh Muslim]


 

HADITH-E-JIBRA’EEL حديثُ جبريل is probably considered as the most important, expansive and comprehensive Hadith in all Hadith literature. It is a summation of Deen and covers the fundamentals of Deen.

Ulema have explained : Just as Surah Al-Faatihah has been classified as ‘Ummul Qur’aan’ (the essence of the Qur’aan) because it is a summary of the fundamental themes discussed in the other chapters of the Noble Qur’aan, similarly, Hadith-u-Jibra’eel has been classified by some scholars as ‘Ummul Hadith’ (the gist of Ahadeeth) because it is a summary of the fundamental themes mentioned in Hadith Literature.

In this Hadith, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam talks about the internal and external facets of Deen and briefly discusses the basic principles of Shariah, ie :  ‘Islam’ as the outward actions of the limbs, ‘Imaan’ as being associated with the inner actions of the heart (belief, statement and action), and ‘Ihsaan’ (beautifying and spiritually perfecting one’s good deeds) as the highest level to attain.

HADITH-E-JIBRA’EEL |  BRIEF EXPLANTION

 

While we were sitting with Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam one day, there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him.

  • The love, admiration and respect of the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum for Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam was unparalleled and his lofty position and greatness would leave them awestruck in his presence. Out of reverence for this exalted personality, the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum would be modest in their gaze towards him and could not stare at his face, when addressing him. They would look forward to occasions when someone would attend the gathering and ask questions on certain aspects of Deen. The Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum would seize such opportunities to increase their knowledge.
  • One day, whilst the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum were sitting in the company of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, a man dressed in exceedingly pure, clean and white garments with stark pitch-black hair, suddenly appeared before them.
  • Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala sent forth this person with an immaculate striking appearance, into the company of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum. Traces of journey could not be seen on him, yet, he was not recognized as a resident of Madinah Munawwarah. It is mentioned in the books of Hadith, that the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum looked around at each other, to see if anyone recognized the stranger.
  • • It is deduced from this Hadith that a Muslim should have a good appearance and remain as clean as possible, especially when attending gatherings in the Musjid or when seeking knowledge. White clothing is also preferred, especially for the people of knowledge. In this respect, a student desiring to attain knowledge and a teacher imparting knowledge, must approach it in the proper manner (Adaab), with the correct intention, and respect for the knowledge being gained or imparted. To gain maximum benefit, one must show signs of respect such as, sitting in the Tashahhud position before his teacher.

He sat down close by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, rested his knees against the knees of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and placed his palms over his thighs, and said : “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam”.

  • In this narration of the Hadith, it is mentioned that this person, seated himself in a distinct manner beside Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, so that he rested his knees closely upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam’s knees and placed his palms (1) upon his own lap; or (2) upon the lap of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and said : “ O Muhammad, tell me about (the essence) of Islam”.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam replied : “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (), that you should perform Salaah, pay the Zakaah, fast during (the month of) Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Kaabah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (ie: find the means for making the journey to it).” 

  • Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, explained Islam, as the external actions of the limbs such as words and deeds. The first of which, is that (1) one bears witness (Shahadah) that there is no deity worthy of being worshipped, besides Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and that Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, is the Messenger of Allah. Then there is (2) establishing the prayer (Salaah); (3) paying Zakaah; (4) fasting in the month of Ramadan and (5) to make pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House of you have the means to do so.

He (the man)  said : “You have spoken the truth”. We were astonished at his questioning him () and then affirming what he () had mentioned, 

  • Hazrat ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu mentioned their astonishment toward this mysterious individual, who asked Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, a question, implying that he (the individual) did not know the answer, and hence asked Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam the question. Then, boldly verified that the answers that were given by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam were correct.
  • We understand from this Hadith, that seeking knowledge, through asking good meaningful questions (for a better understanding) will lead to valuable knowledge and good action. Asking good questions will result in better learning as well as teaching. Those who are present when the questions are asked will also learn from the answers.
  • Imaam Maalik Rahmatullahi Alayh, a renowned scholar of Hadith and author of Al-Muwatta’ , was a true Aashiq (Lover) of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and Madinah Munawarrah. He was also known as ‘Imam Daril Hijrah’ due to his remaining in Madinah the majority of his life.

When Imaam Maalik Rahmatullahi Alayh would intend to narrate Ahadeeth, he would perform Whudu (ablution), comb his beard, don a clean robe and seat himself respectfully, and say : “I wish to accord respect to the Hadith of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam”.

On one occasion, when imparting knowledge to a huge assembly of people, Imaam Maalik Rahmatullahi Alayh‘s students suddenly saw his facial expressions showing pain, with the colour of his face turning red. Only until the termination of the lesson, and upon removing his Kurta, the students discovered that a scorpion had emerged from within it. Despite being repeatedly bitten on his back by the stinging scorpion, he did not move position, nor pause for a second.

When asked what was the reason for bearing this anguish, he said : “I thought of Hazrat Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq Radiallahu Anhu who thrust his feet into the remaining uncovered holes of the cave of Thaur (during the Hijrah) and because of the love in his heart for his beloved Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam (who had his Mubaaruk head laying on his lap), he never wavered, but bore the effects of the excruciating pain of the poisonous sting of the scorpion, within it. Even though I did not have the Mubaaruk head of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam in my lap, but I had the Ahadeeth of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam in my hand, and therefore I gave it respect…”.

… but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith)”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam answered : “It is that you believe in Allah and His Angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in Divine Decree (Qadr), both in its good and in its evil.” He (the man)  said : “You have spoken the truth.” 

  • Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, explained Imaan, as, a Mu’min’s certitude in the belief of the six articles of faith : (1) the Tawheed (Oneness) of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (with all His Attribute and Qualities); (2) His Angels; (3) His Divine Scriptures; (4) His Messengers (Alayhimus Salaam); (5) The Day of Reckoning and (6) His Divine Decree (Qadr), the good and the bad of it (all).

Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsaan”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam answered : “It is that you should worship Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you” 

  • Ihsaan إحسان‎‎ is a very comprehensive term that can be translated as, ‘to beautify something’. Ihsaan is mentioned in a number of places in the Noble Qur’aan, with various meanings. In this particular Hadith, Ihsaan is defined as, performing every action with the awareness of Allah’s presence being felt in the heart, ie : one worships Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala as though one sees Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala … and if one cannot see Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, then at least have the feeling that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is watching one.*

NOTE : * This sentence of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. can be understood as follows; Ihsaan is that you reach such a degree of devotion, sincerity, godliness, and awareness in your worship as well as in your very being and existence, that you obey Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and worship Him with this state of mind, as though you are constantly seeing Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala Himself. Not only in Salaah, not only when you recite the Qur’an, not only when you engage in the Zikr (remembrance) of Allah but throughout your life you reach that level of awareness, devotion and concentration in your Ibaadah.

  • A contractor working on a construction site is responsible for supervising and overseeing his employees. The employees, under his ‘watchful eye’, assume responsibility and comply with their duties diligently. However, the moment the contractor is ‘out of sight’, the employees will perhaps become negligent and unconcerned with their work.

On the contrary, if they know, that even though they cannot see the contractor, but are still being monitored closely by security cameras on site, or he could secretly be observing them, then to avoid dismissal, they will automatically restrain themselves and be on guard.

Similarly, one must develop this obedience and high level of consciousness that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is watching us, through the spiritual stations of :

Mushaahadah (Witnessing) ~ using insight to become aware of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala with the eye of the heart,

and ;

Muraqabah ~ the state of consciousness that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is observing and watching, at all times.

Furthermore, the concept of Ihsaan can be seen very easily in the following stories :

1

A Sahaabi, Harithah Radiallahu Anhu was once sleeping in the musjid of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam awakens him and enquires : “O Harithah,”How have you risen this morning?”. Harithah Radiallahu Anhu replied : “I have risen as a true Believer (with strong and firm Imaan) today”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam contended, that for every statement and claim a person makes, there needs to be proof and further enquired : “This needs to be proved”. Harithah Radiallahu Anhu responded : “It is as though I can see the Arsh (throne) of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala in front of me … It is as though I can see the people of Jannah enjoying it’s bounties … It is as though I can see the people of Jahannam yelling and screaming for help!”. This was the high level of Harithah Radiallahu Anhu’s Ihsaan.

 

2

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Dinar Radiallahu Anhu said that he went for a journey to Makkah with Hazrat ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu. They stopped at some place. They saw a young shepherd with a flock of sheep. He came down from a hill. Hazrat ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu wanted to test the honesty of this shepherd.

He said to him : “Sell me one of your sheep”. The shepherd said : “I am a slave working for someone. These sheep are not mine they belong to my master”. Hazrat ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu said : “Tell your master that a wolf attacked and ate one of the sheep”. The shepherd replied : “Fa-ayn Allah? So where is Allah or what about Allah?”.

Hazrat ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu could not hold his tears when he heard this answer from the shepherd. He kept repeating “Fa-ayn Allah?” When he came back to Madinah Munawwarah, he sent someone to find out who was the master of this shepherd. He purchased the shepherd and freed him. Hazrat ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu thereafter said to the shepherd : “This word freed you in this life and I hope it will free you in the Hereafter”.

 Imaam Shaafi’i Rahmatullahi Alayh mentioned : When one is all alone, then do not say, ‘I am all alone’, remember that someone is watching is you”.

He (the man)  said, “Inform me about the Hour (Qiyaamah)”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner”. So He (the man) said, “Well, inform me about its signs”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, naked, destitute, herdsmen of sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings”.

  • No one besides Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala knows when the Day of Judgement will occur. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam beautifully answered the last question of this Hadith, saying : “The one questioned about it (Qiyamah) knows no more about it (Qiyamah) than the one who questions”, meaning that both of us have no knowledge regarding the Hour. This indicates that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has exclusive knowledge of it.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions this in the Noble Qur’aan :

يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ أَيَّانَ مُرْسَاهَا ۖ قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي ۖ

They ask you, [O Muhammad], about the Hour: when is its arrival? Say, “Its knowledge is only with my Lord. [Surah Al-A’raf 7:187]

 

Some of the minor signs of ‘the Hour’ mentioned in this Hadith :

  • 1. On account of mass wars people will be taken as slaves. The slave-girls who have given birth to their owners children will be sold by their owners. There will be so much selling of women that a woman’s daughter will later buy her and not realise it is her mother.  Hence, the one she gave birth to, will become her master.

or

  • It is indicative of disobedience to parents. Children will disobey their mothers, and a child will end up treating his/her own mother like a slave girl, showing her disdain, as though the child is her master.
  • 2. Poor barefooted shepherds will be in control of wealth and will not apply their minds. They will become engulfed in the love of the world and their only concern will be boastfully competing with one another in the construction and decoration of tall buildings (skyscrapers/ lofty structures). This sign means that affairs will be entrusted to the wrong people (those least qualified to be in high positions will become leaders) and as a result, they will squander wealth with extravagance.

“Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I (‘Umar) replied : “Allah and His Messenger know better”. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “That was Jibra’eel (Alayhis Salaam) He came to teach you your Deen (religion)”. 

After having asked Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam to explain the meaning of Islam, Imaan, Ihsaan and some of the signs of the Hour [Judgement Day], Jibra’eel Alayhis Salaam then left the gathering. The Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum were still unaware at that time that it was the Angel Jibreel (Alayhis Salaam) who had been asking the questions, because he had come to them in the form of a man.

Shortly afterwards, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam enquired from ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu, if he knew who the questioner was? ‘Umar ibnul Khattaab Radiallahu Anhu replied : “Allah and His Messenger know best”. This was the answer Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum would give, when they did not know the answer. They did not want to be held accountable for giving wrong answers, and with careful consideration, not say anything that came to their mind. They had the courage to admit that they did not know.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam then told the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum, that it was the Angel Jibreel (Alayhis Salaam) who had come to them, in order to teach them about their Deen (religion). Deen is a combination of  Islam ~ Imaan ~ Islam.

This incident occurred in the latter part of the life of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, to teach the Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum, what Deen is about, practically and theoretically.

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