Tag Archives: Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

LESSON FORTY-THREE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

March 17, 2018

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 42 | The Vastness of Allah’s Forgiveness

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 |  Lesson Forty-Three  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 …

|  Hadith 42  | The Vastness of Allah’s Forgiveness

 

عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ: قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى: “يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! إِنَّكَ مَا دَعَوْتنِي وَرَجَوْتنِي غَفَرْتُ لَك عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْك وَلَا أُبَالِي، يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! لَوْ بَلَغَتْ ذُنُوبُك عَنَانَ السَّمَاءِ ثُمَّ اسْتَغْفَرْتنِي غَفَرْتُ لَك، يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! إنَّك لَوْ أتَيْتنِي بِقُرَابِ الْأَرْضِ خَطَايَا ثُمَّ لَقِيتنِي لَا تُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْئًا لَأَتَيْتُك بِقُرَابِهَا مَغْفِرَةً

رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:3540]، وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

Anas Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:

‘O Son of Adam, as long as you invoke Me and have hopes in Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O Son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and you then asked forgiveness from Me, I would forgive you. O Son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the Earth, and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it [too].’

 [It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said that it was a Hasan Hadeeth]

 …

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

Imaam Nawawi Rahmatullahi Alayh has ended this magnificent work, with a Hadith illustrating Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s Forgiveness. This Hadith draws our attention to the vast Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. A general declaration for the Believers on behalf of the real King and Master, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, that man is prone to committing sins and errors due to his weaknesses but the effacement of these sins is through making sincere Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness) from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

This Hadith clearly illustrates that despite the excessive sins of man, even though they may reach the skies of the world or fill the entire globe, if he turns to Allah and seeks forgiveness and sincere repentance with a penitent heart, through Taubah and Istighfaar, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is prepared to forgive him, as long as he does not associate any partners with Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

So, this Hadith gives us great hope in the Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. We are therefore exhorted to make Dua to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala that is accompanied by hope. Even if the wrong actions of the servant are enormous, the pardon of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and His Forgiveness is greater and more enormous than those wrong actions (sins). There is a Dua mentioned in the Hadith, to recite when one is seeking forgiveness from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala :

اَللَّهُمَّ مَغْفِرَتُكَ أَوْسَعُ مِنْ ذُنُوبِي وَرَحْمَتُكَ اَرْجَي عِنْدِي مِنْ عَمَلِي

O Allah your forgiveness is more vast than my wrong actions and your mercy is more hopeful to me than my own actions (البيهقي في الشعب 7126 ) (Haakim)

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has commanded making Istighfaar in various Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions :

وَاسْتَغْفِرُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

and ask forgiveness of Allah . Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful ~ Surah Al Baqarah 2:199

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LESSON FORTY-TWO | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

March 17, 2018

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bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 41  |The Sign of Faith

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 |  Lesson Forty-Two  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 …

|  Hadith 41  | The Sign of Faith

 

عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يَكُونَ هَوَاهُ تَبَعًا لِمَا جِئْتُ بِهِ”

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ، رَوَيْنَاهُ فِي كِتَابِ “الْحُجَّةِ” بِإِسْنَادٍ صَحِيحٍ

On the authority of Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin ’Amr bin al-’Aas Radiallahu Anhu, who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said,  “None of you [truly] believes until his desires are subservient to that which I have brought.”

[Imam an-Nawawi says: We have related it in Kitab al-Hujjah with a Saheeh chain of narrators]

 

 …

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we understand an important aspect of subjugating oneself to the Deen of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. A person’s Imaan is not complete until he follows those commands and prohibitions, that which Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam brought. Till one’s whims and desires do not become subservient to the Deen, one cannot be a true Mu’min. After attesting the Nubuwwat of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, it becomes necessary to adopt his way of life in all aspects.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me ~Surah Al Imraan 3:31

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has also mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ

It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. ~ Surah Al Ahzaab 33:36

All acts of disobedience arise from giving preference to what the self loves over what Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam loves. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala describes the idolaters in following their desires in numerous Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَإِن لَّمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكَ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يَتَّبِعُونَ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ ۚ وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنِ اتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ بِغَيْرِ هُدًى مِّنَ اللَّهِ

But if they do not respond to you – then know that they only follow their [own] desires. And who is more astray than one who follows his desire without guidance from Allah? ~ Surah Al Qasas 28:50

Those who’s hearts are filled with the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and the love of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the pure and flawless Shariah then becomes second nature to them. They then reach a stage where their Nafs (inner-self) desires only that which Shariah desires from them.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and forbade the lower self it’s [unlawful] inclination.Then indeed, Paradise will be [his] refuge. ~ Surah An Naaziaat 79:40/41

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LESSON THIRTY-NINE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

February 24, 2018

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bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 38  | Attaining Nearness to Allah and His Love

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Nine  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

|  Lesson Thirty-Nine |  Hadith 38  |

Attaining Nearness to Allah and His Love

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَة رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم إنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَالَ: “مَنْ عَادَى لِي وَلِيًّا فَقْد آذَنْتهُ بِالْحَرْبِ، وَمَا تَقَرَّبَ إلَيَّ عَبْدِي بِشَيْءٍ أَحَبَّ إلَيَّ مِمَّا افْتَرَضْتُهُ عَلَيْهِ، وَلَا يَزَالُ عَبْدِي يَتَقَرَّبُ إلَيَّ بِالنَّوَافِلِ حَتَّى أُحِبَّهُ، فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْت سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ، وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ، وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطِشُ بِهَا، وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا، وَلَئِنْ سَأَلَنِي لَأُعْطِيَنَّهُ، وَلَئِنْ اسْتَعَاذَنِي لَأُعِيذَنَّهُ

 [رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Verily Allah Ta’ala has said: ‘Whosoever shows enmity to a Wali (friend) of Mine, then I have declared war against him. And My servant does not draw near to Me with anything more loved to Me than the religious duties I have obligated upon him. And My servant continues to draw near to me with Nafil (supererogatory) deeds until I Love him. When I Love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him; and were he to seek refuge with Me, I would surely grant him refuge.’ ”

[Al-Bukhari]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

This a Hadith-e-Qudsi covering many important issues, namely :        

(1) The virtues and the rank of the true friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (Awliyaa) and (2) the reward for performing Faraaidh (compulsory acts of worship) and (3) the reward for performing Nawaafil (obligatory acts of worship)

 

(1) The virtues and the rank of the true friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (Awliyaa)

There is a very serious threat in this Hadith against those people who harbour enmity or malice towards the Awliyaa (friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala), because Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala declares war against such people. Humiliation and problems will be a such a person’s lot in this world and a disgraceful and painful punishment awaits him in the Hereafter.     

 

(2) the reward for performing Faraaidh (compulsory acts of worship) and

(3) the reward for performing Nawaafil (obligatory acts of worship)

The Hadith further mentions the importance of attaining closeness to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, firstly through Faraaidh and then through Nawaafil.

The greatest proximity to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is attained through Faraaidh (obligatory acts of Ibaadah that Allah has placed upon us). This nearness is further enhanced through Nawaafil and abstention from prohibitions and Haraam.

When a person becomes closer to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala through Nawaafil acts of Ibadaah, Allah begins to love a person and says :    

فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْتُ سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ، وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ، وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطُشُ بِهَا وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا،
I become his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his leg with which he walks…..[Bukhaari]    

The Muhadditheen explain this to mean, his limbs become the instruments of virtue and henceforth this servant will not use them in any act of displeasure of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. He will only look at those things in which Allah’s pleasure lies, he will hear only those things which Allah desires, he will touch only those things sanctioned by Allah, he will walk to those places only where Allah has permitted….

There is no doubt that this is a very high an lofty position that a person attains. Allah Ta’ala becomes the helper of such a person. Allah Ta’ala guides him. Allah Ta’ala uses him to do acts that will gain HIS pleasure. And when he begs from Allah Ta’ala, Allah answers him…and when he seeks protection from Allah Ta’ala, Allah grants him HIS protection.

 

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LESSON THIRTY-EIGHT | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

February 24, 2018

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bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 37 | The Grace of Allah and His Mercy

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Eight  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Lesson Thirty-Eight  |  Hadith 37  |

The Grace of Allah and His Mercy

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فِيمَا يَرْوِيهِ عَنْ رَبِّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى، قَالَ: “إنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ، ثُمَّ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ، فَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ إلَى أَضْعَافٍ كَثِيرَةٍ، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِسَيِّئَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ سَيِّئَةً وَاحِدَةً”

رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]، في “صحيحيهما” بهذه الحروف

On the authority of Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:

Verily Allah Ta’ala has written down the good deeds and the evil deeds, and then explained it [by saying]: “Whosoever intended to perform a good deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended to perform it and then did perform it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds up to seven hundred times, up to many times multiplied. And if he intended to perform an evil deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended it [i.e., the evil deed] and then performed it, then Allah writes it down as one evil deed.”

[Al-Bukhari] [Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam conveys to us, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s abundant Mercy, Grace and favour upon this Ummah, in that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala rewards us over any good that we do. Every righteous act is rewarded manifold.

We learn from various Ahadeeth, that, there is a recording of the good and wrong actions that one does …and, these are of four types.

• THE FIRST TYPE : doing good actions, so that the good action is multiplied to ten onto seven hundred and onto manifold (rewards). Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

مَن جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا

Whoever comes [on the Day of Judgement] with a good deed will have ten times the like thereof [to his credit], ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]

 

In another Ayaah mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has used a metaphor of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah. Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala says :

مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ

The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven ears; in each ear is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]

Therefore, this implies, that when a person spends in the path of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, Allah increases his reward manifold. From one, to seven hundred, to seven thousand, to even more!

Hazrat Abu Mas’ud RadiAllahu Anhu reported: A man came with a bridled camel and he said, “This is for the cause of Allah”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

لَكَ بِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ سَبْعُ مِائَةِ نَاقَةٍ كُلُّهَا مَخْطُومَةٌ

You will have for it seven hundred camels on the Day of Resurrection. Each of them will be bridled. [Saheeh Muslim]

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ

And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]

 

• THE SECOND TYPE : is wrong actions for which a wrong is recorded like for like without multiplication. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَمَن جَاءَ بِالسَّيِّئَةِ فَلَا يُجْزَىٰ إِلَّا مِثْلَهَا وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

and whoever comes with an evil deed will not be recompensed except the like thereof; and they will not be wronged. ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]

ie: those who produce one deed of disobedience to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (one bad deed), will only be repaid the equivalent (one bad deed) and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will not wrong them.

• THE THIRD TYPE : is to intend a good action, in which a complete reward is recorded even though one did not perform the good action. Whoever intends to do a good action but does not do it, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala knows that his heart was attached to it and was eager to perform it, then it is written as a good action for him and he is rewarded with one full reward.

• THE FOURTH TYPE : is to have an intention to do wrong actions, without acting on the intention. For this, a person gets a reward of a good action! Even though he had a bad intention, but because he did not act upon the intention (solely for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) he obtains a reward.

This shows that someone who is able to do that act of disobedience which he intends but gives it up for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, then he will be rewarded.

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LESSON THIRTY-SEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

February 18, 2018

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bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 36  | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Seven  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 36 | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

 

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ:مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ مُؤْمِنٍ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ الدُّنْيَا نَفَّسَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَمَنْ يَسَّرَ عَلَى مُعْسِرٍ، يَسَّرَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ، وَمَنْ سَتَرَ مُسْلِما سَتَرَهُ اللهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ، وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، وَمَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ طَرِيقًا إلَى الْجَنَّةِ، وَمَا اجْتَمَعَ قَوْمٌ فِي بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوتِ اللَّهِ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ، وَيَتَدَارَسُونَهُ ؛ إلَّا نَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ السَّكِينَةُ، وَغَشِيَتْهُمْ الرَّحْمَةُ، وَ حَفَّتهُمُ المَلاَئِكَة، وَذَكَرَهُمْ اللَّهُ فِيمَنْ عِنْدَهُ، وَمَنْ بَطْأَ بِهِ عَمَلُهُ لَمْ يُسْرِعْ بِهِ نَسَبُهُ
[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

Whoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the grief’s of the Day of Resurrection. And whoever alleviates the need of a needy person, Allah will alleviate his needs in this world and the Hereafter. Whoever conceals the misdeeds of a Muslim, Allah will shield him in this world and the Hereafter. And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother. And whoever follows a path to seek knowledge therein, Allah will make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather together in one of the Houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, except that Sakeenah (tranquillity) descends upon them, and mercy envelops them, and the angels surround them, and Allah mentions them amongst those who are with Him. And whoever is slowed down by his actions, will not be hastened forward by his lineage. [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

1]  In this Hadith, seven important things have been mentioned… four of which pertain to the rights of a Believer. We have been foremost exhorted in this Hadith to relieve a Muslim brother from any distress (pain, suffering, anxiety) that he may be experiencing and lighten his difficulties.

The meaning of نَفَّسَ “Naffasah” (mentioned in this Hadith) is likened to a person who removes a strangling cord around the neck of another person, allowing him to breathe. Similarly, a Muslim should endeavour to remove the distress and anxiety of his Muslim brother. For delivering him from his pain and suffering and bringing on ease, there is great reward.

 

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

أَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ أَطْعَمَ مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى جُوعٍ أَطْعَمَهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ ثِمَارِ الْجَنَّةِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ سَقَى مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى ظَمَإٍ سَقَاهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنَ الرَّحِيقِ الْمَخْتُومِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ كَسَا مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى عُرْىٍ كَسَاهُ اللَّهُ مِنْ خُضْرِ الْجَنَّةِ

Whichever believer feeds a hungry believer , Allah feeds him from the fruits of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer gives drink to a thirsty believer, Allah gives him to drink from the ‘sealed nectar’ on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer clothes a naked believer, Allah clothes him from the green garments of Paradise. [Tirmidhi]

 

2] We have also been encouraged in this Hadith to make things easier for someone who is hard-pressed in this world, with regards to his property, finances, social issues or by granting him respite in repaying his debt until it become easier for him to fulfil his due…Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ غَرِيمِهِ أَوْ مَحَا عَنْهُ كَانَ فِي ظِلِّ الْعَرْشِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Whoever grants respite to someone in difficulty or relieves him of his debt Allah will shade him on the Day of Qiyamah [Muslim]

3] We have also been exhorted in this Hadeeth, to conceal the wrong of our Muslim brother and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will conceal our faults in the Hereafter, but one who exposes the vulnerability of his Muslim brother then Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  will expose his faults to the extent that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will disgrace him in his own house. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said :

وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother.**

**This has been explained previously in detail in Hadeeth 36

4] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained “Ilm-e-Deen” ie; travelling on a path and seeking knowledge of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Through knowledge one is able to understand the laws of Shariah and what Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala wants from us Believers. Whoever travels on a path seeking knowledge, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will make the path towards Paradise easy… hence, it will be easy for him to practice upon this knowledge. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

إِنَّ مَثَلَ الْعُلَمَاءِ فِي الأَرْضِ كَمَثَلِ نُجُومِ السَّمَاءِ ، يُهْتَدَى بِهَا فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ، فَإِذَا انْطَمَسَتِ النُّجُومُ يُوشِكُ أَنْ تَضِلَّ الْهُدَاةُ

The simile of the scholars of knowledge on the earth is the stars in the sky by which one is guided in the darkness of the land and the sea…. When the stars are clouded over, the guides are about to be lost. [Musnad Ahmad]

As long as knowledge remains on the earth, people will be guided. The remaining of knowledge depends on the existence of the Ulama [scholars]. When they disappear from this world, then people will fall into error.

5/6] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of reciting the Noble Qur’aan and teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

Four favours have been bestowed upon such people who gather in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, reading the Qu’aan and teaching it to one another : 1] peace and tranquillity descends upon them; 2] mercy envelopes them; 3] the Angels cover such a gathering; 4] and Allah Ta’ala remembers them in the gathering of the Angels.

7] And finally, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of one who performs righteous actions. One who lacks in performing good deeds cannot just have hopes on his lineage… perhaps he may be in the family of a Nabi or Wali or Aalim but that will not assist him on the day of Qiyamah. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentioned to his own relatives : “I cannot avail you in any way with Allah”.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَلَا أَنسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ

Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship [family ties] among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another. [Surah Al-Mu’minoon 23:101]

|  SUMMARY  |

Seven important things were discussed in this Hadeeth. Those four things relating to the rights of a Muslim brother and how we should conduct ourselves in assisting him. Fifthly, the importance reciting the Noble Qur’aan, teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Sixth is the importance of seeking knowledge and lastly, the fact that we should perform righteous deeds and not just depend on lineages.

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LESSON THIRTY-SIX | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

February 18, 2018

0 Comments

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 35  |  Brotherhood in Islam

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Six  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 35 | Brotherhood in Islam

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم ” لَا تَحَاسَدُوا، وَلَا تَنَاجَشُوا، وَلَا تَبَاغَضُوا، وَلَا تَدَابَرُوا، وَلَا يَبِعْ بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَى بَيْعِ بَعْضٍ، وَكُونُوا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ إخْوَانًا، الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ، لَا يَظْلِمُهُ، وَلَا يَخْذُلُهُ، وَلَا يَكْذِبُهُ، وَلَا يَحْقِرُهُ، التَّقْوَى هَاهُنَا، وَيُشِيرُ إلَى صَدْرِهِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ، بِحَسْبِ امْرِئٍ مِنْ الشَّرِّ أَنْ يَحْقِرَ أَخَاهُ الْمُسْلِمَ، كُلُّ الْمُسْلِمِ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِ حَرَامٌ: دَمُهُ وَمَالُهُ وَعِرْضُهُ

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “Do not have envy of one another. Do not inflate prices on one another. Do not hate one another. Do not turn your backs on one another. Do not undersell one another; but rather, be worshipers of Allah and brothers. The Muslim is the brother of his fellow Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he abandon him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him. “Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times. “It is a sufficient act of evil that a person belittles his Muslim brother. Every Muslim to another Muslim is sacred, his blood, his wealth, and his honor.” [Muslim] [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we have been severely prohibited in harming our Muslim brethren.  And we have been commanded to protect the blood, honour and integrity of every Believer. Brotherhood in Islam is a relationship of fundamental importance. The whole community of Believers is conceived of as a great brotherhood. When there is brotherhood there is unity and this strengthens Islam. If there is no brotherhood and there is disunity, then this causes the destruction of Islam. Hence, in this Hadith we have been prohibited from various types of traits that will lead to disunity.

|  HADITH  EXPLANTION  |

 

Do not envy one another,

  • (1) Hasad/Jealousy : Jealousy and envy is blameworthy and forbidden. It is the same jealousy that caused Iblees [Shaytaan] to be expelled from Paradise. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala describes the Jews of having the attribute of jealousy in numerous Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

إِيَّاكُمْ وَالْحَسَدَ فَإِنَّ الْحَسَدَ يَأْكُلُ الْحَسَنَاتِ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ الْحَطَبَ أَوْ قَالَ الْعُشْبَ

“Beware of jealousy, for indeed jealousy consumes one’s good deeds like fire consumes wood.” (Sunan Abi Dawud)

In another Hadeeth Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :

دَبَّ إِلَيْكُمْ دَاءُ الأُمَمِ قَبْلَكُمُ الْحَسَدُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ هِيَ الْحَالِقَةُ لاَ أَقُولُ تَحْلِقُ الشَّعْرَ وَلَكِنْ تَحْلِقُ الدِّينَ

The illness of the nations before you is creeping towards you [ie: jealousy and hatred].

Envy and hatred is the ‘shaver’ [Haliqah] ; I do not say that it shaves hair, but that it shaves** (destroys) faith. [Tirmidhi] **Hatred takes away faith like a razor takes away hair

—-

and do not inflate prices for one another

 

  • (2) Najash / Do not deceive one another : Some scholars have referred to ‘Najash’ as referring to a transaction in sales ie: when someone who does not want to buy any goods, increases the price offered for the goods, either intending to benefit the seller by increasing his price, or by intending to cause harm to the purchaser. Others have interpreted this to be bidding (in a general sense) against each other ie: not to try to deceive each other. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth : مَنْ غَشَّنَا فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا “Whoever deceives (cheats) us is not one of us.” . [Sunan Ibn Majah/Sahih Muslim]. Believers are exhorted not to treat each other with conspiracy and using devises of deception.

—-

and do not hate one another

  • (3) Hatred : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam then mentioned not to hate one another, because we are brothers. Brothers love each other, and do not hate each other. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala forbids the Believer from those things which cause enmity and hatred amongst them. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَصْلِحُوا ذَاتَ بَيْنِكُمْ ۖ So fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves [Surah Al-‘Anfaal 8:1]

—-

and do not turn your backs on one another,

  • (4) Breaking relations and forsaking each other : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :

لَا يَحِلُّ لِمُسْلِمٍ أَنْ يَهْجُرَ أَخَاهُ فَوْقَ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ يَلْتَقِيَانِ, فَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا, وَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا, وَخَيْرُهُمَا اَلَّذِي يَبْدَأُ بِالسَّلَامِ

“It is not permissible for a Muslim to shun his brother for more than three nights. When they meet, this one turns away (from that one) and that one turns away (from this one) and the best of them is the one who greets his brother first. [Abu Dawood]

—-

Do not undersell one another; but rather, be worshipers of Allah and brothers.

  • (5) Underselling : What is meant by this is ‘a sale over and above the sale of another’ ie: when a salesman sells something at a lower price than (a competitor) … with him knowing fully of the initial transaction with the primary seller. This conduct is against the etiquette of Believers and causes disputes and hatred amongst one another. Hence, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has prohibited this practice, which would in turn engender brotherhood in Islam.

—-

The Muslim is the brother of his fellow Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he abandon him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him.

  • (6) Brotherhood : A Muslims gives preference to his Muslim brother over himself.

—-

“Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times.

  • (7) Taqwa / Piety : Taqwa encompasses all the good qualities mentioned in this Hadith. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :                                 إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى صُوَرِكُمْ وَأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى أَعْمَالِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِكُمْ                                                                                             “Allah does not look at your forms or your wealth, rather He looks at your deeds and your hearts.” . [Sunan Ibn Majah].                                                                           Many of those who have excellent outer appearances, properties, status, leading roles in the world… have hearts which are void of Taqwa.

—-

“It is a sufficient act of evil that a person belittles his Muslim brother. Every Muslim to another Muslim is sacred, his blood, his wealth, and his honor.”

  • (8) Brotherhood : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam further re-iterates the importance of honouring a Muslim brother.
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LESSON TWENTY | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

September 14, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 19 | Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you |  

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON TWENTY   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 19  |

Be mindful of Allah and Allah will protect you

 

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: “كُنْت خَلْفَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَوْمًا، فَقَالَ: يَا غُلَامِ! إنِّي أُعَلِّمُك كَلِمَاتٍ: احْفَظْ اللَّهَ يَحْفَظْك، احْفَظْ اللَّهَ تَجِدْهُ تُجَاهَك، إذَا سَأَلْت فَاسْأَلْ اللَّهَ، وَإِذَا اسْتَعَنْت فَاسْتَعِنْ بِاَللَّهِ، وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ الْأُمَّةَ لَوْ اجْتَمَعَتْ عَلَى أَنْ يَنْفَعُوك بِشَيْءٍ لَمْ يَنْفَعُوك إلَّا بِشَيْءٍ قَدْ كَتَبَهُ اللَّهُ لَك، وَإِنْ اجْتَمَعُوا عَلَى أَنْ يَضُرُّوك بِشَيْءٍ لَمْ يَضُرُّوك إلَّا بِشَيْءٍ قَدْ كَتَبَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْك؛ رُفِعَتْ الْأَقْلَامُ، وَجَفَّتْ الصُّحُفُ”

رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ رقم:2516

وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

وَفِي رِوَايَةِ غَيْرِ التِّرْمِذِيِّ: “احْفَظْ اللَّهَ تَجِدْهُ أمامك، تَعَرَّفْ إلَى اللَّهِ فِي الرَّخَاءِ يَعْرِفُك فِي الشِّدَّةِ، وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ مَا أَخْطَأَك لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيُصِيبَك، وَمَا أَصَابَك لَمْ يَكُنْ لِيُخْطِئَك، وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ النَّصْرَ مَعَ الصَّبْرِ، وَأَنْ الْفَرَجَ مَعَ الْكَرْبِ، وَأَنَّ مَعَ الْعُسْرِ يُسْرًا”.

 

Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbaas Radiallahu Anhuma narrated that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : One day I was behind Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam [riding on the same mount] and he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said :

“O young man, I shall teach you some words [of advice] : Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you (have need to) ask, ask of Allah; and if you seek help, seek help from Allah. Know that even if the Nation (or the whole community) were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.[Tirmidhi]

In a version other than that of Tirmidhi it reads:

..Be mindful of Allah, you will find Him before you. Get to know Allah in prosperity and He will know you in adversity. Know that what has passed you by was not going to befall you; and that what has befallen you was not going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, relief with affliction, and ease with hardship.” [Tirmidhi]

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith comprises of wonderful pieces of advice, which are important aspects of Deen. So much so, that one scholar mentioned, “What a pity is it for the one who is ignorant of this Hadith and has poor understanding of it’s meaning …”. Basically we have been advised to be mindful of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala by observing and fulfilling His obligations and His rights and adhering to His commandments and avoiding all His prohibitions.

By doing so, one’s life, property, wealth, health, Dunya and Deen and Imaan will be protected by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Secondly, we have been advised to ask and beg only of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala for all our needs and problems. Thirdly, that none can benefit or cause harm to us, except that amount which has been decreed by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, for or against us. And, fourthly, believing in divine will and decree (Taqdeer) that has been decided by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala for us.

A brief discussion on the Hadith is as follows  >

“Be mindful of Allah, and Allah will protect you. Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you.”

Be mindful of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, means being mindful of His limits, His rights, His commands and prohibitions. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  mentions in the Qur’aan :

هَٰذَا مَا تُوعَدُونَ لِكُلِّ أَوَّابٍ حَفِيظٍ

(And it is said) : This is what you were promised. (It is) for every careful and penitent one … [Surah Qaf 50:32]

 مَّنْ خَشِيَ الرَّحْمَٰنَ بِالْغَيْبِ وَجَاءَ بِقَلْبٍ مُّنِيبٍ

Who feared the All~Merciful (Allah) in the Ghaib (unseen) and come with a contrite heart  [Surah Qaf 50:33]

The word حَفِيظ mentioned in the Ayah above, refers to that person who is mindful of the commands of Allah and of his wrongful actions, so that he may be penitent and repent (make Taubah) to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

• And Allah mentions :

وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَىٰ صَلَاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ
And those who guard their Salaah (prayers) well. [Surah Al-Ma`aarij 70:34]

ie: One who is mindful to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala with regards to his prayers (Salaah)

• And Allah mentions :

وَاحْفَظُوا أَيْمَانَكُمْ ۚ
And keep your oaths [Surah Al-Maa’idah 5:89]

ie: One who is mindful of his oath and promises to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala

  • And Allah mentions :

فَاذْكُرُونِي أَذْكُرْكُمْ
Therefore remember Me (by praying, glorifying, etc.). I will remember you, [Surah Al~Baqarah 2:152]

• One who has modesty before Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala safeguards his head and his body from Haraam. He is mindful of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and he remembers Allah. And the result of this is, that Allah will protect you, regarding your worldly matters, your health, your senses, your sight, your faculty of hearing, your speech, the security and safety of your family and belongings.

• When one is mindful of before Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala during his youth, then Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will protect him during his adulthood. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will grant him the continued use of his sight, power, strength and intellect.

• An Aalim, lived to be over 100 years old and still remained blessed with strength and intellect. When he was asked regarding this, he said, that he safeguarded his limbs from the disobedience of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala when he was young, and so Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has preserved them (limbs) for us in our old age.

• Protection from Allah, also means that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will protect the descendants (children) and progeny of this person. Ibnu Munkadir Rahmatullahi Alayh used to say : “For the sake of a righteous man, Allah will definitely be mindful of his children, his children’s children and the dwellings that are around himso that they continue in protection from Allah and being veiled from harm”.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will also protect him from dangerous animals. We understand this from the incident of the Sahaabi, Safinah Radiallahu Anhu, who was confronted by a group of lions when he lost his army. Safinah Radiallahu Anhu called out to the lion saying: “O Lion! I am the companion of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam!”. When the lion heard this, it started to shake its head and came closer to him and made a gesture with its shoulders for Safinah Radiallahu Anhu to follow him. The lion led the way and Safinah Radiallahu Anhu was escorted by the lion out of the jungle. [Tabarani]

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will safeguard this person and protect his Imaan, especially at the time of death, from the onslaughts of the Shayateen.

If you (have need to) ask, ask of Allah; and if you seek help, seek help from Allah

 

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Qur’aan :

إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ

You (Alone) we worship, and you (Alone) we ask for help. [Surah Faatihah 1:5]

• When Ebrahim Alayhis Salaam was cast into the blazing fire by the Mushrikeen [idol~worshippers], and he was offered assistance by the Angels, he placed his full reliance only upon Allah Ta’ala and responded :

حَسْبُنَا اللَّهُ وَنِعْمَ الْوَكِيلُ

“Allah (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).”  [Surah Al~Imraan 3:173]

 ie: He sought the protection of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and only begged of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala becomes happy with the one who begs from Him. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala becomes displeased with the one who does not ask from him.

 

None can benefit or cause harm to a person, except through the will and permission of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala or the decree of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

 

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Qur’aan :

مَا أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي أَنفُسِكُمْ إِلَّا فِي كِتَابٍ مِّن قَبْلِ أَن نَّبْرَأَهَا ۚ

No calamity befalls on the earth and neither yourselves but that it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before We bring it into existence. [Surah Al-Hadid 57:22]

In all conditions, we ask only from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and we believe in Taqdeer of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. The profits/benefits one will attain in this life is that which has been decreed for the person. And what is not meant for him, is also decreed by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

We have also been exhorted to exercise patience (Sabr) and the recompense for patience is extremely great. This gives a lot of solace and comfort to a person who is going through difficulty and hardship. With every difficulty comes ease.

Hence this Hadith teaches us how we can live a peaceful happy life by being mindful of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, by totally trusting and worshipping him and by understanding Taqdeer positively. Doing so, will engender a happy stress free life filled with hope and trust in Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala…

 

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