March 29, 2018

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 29~03~18

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 29~03~18

 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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March 20, 2018

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Masnoon Duʿā’s When Partaking of Meals

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Alhamdulillah, various (Masnoon) Du`ā’s of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam have been recorded in the books of Ahādīth. Whilst we commonly suffice on selected Du`ā’s that we have learnt in our youth, there are so many more Du`ā’s taught to us by our Beloved Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam that we can introduce into our daily practices. My beloved Ustaad, Shaykh-ul-Hadith Hazrat Moulana Fazlur Rahman Azmi Daamat Barakaatuhum has since a long time been tirelessly promoting the revival of the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam in all aspects of our lives, and in this regard, he has gathered numerous (Masnoon) Du`ā’s established from authentic books of Ahādīth so that we could learn and recite these Du`ā’s effortlessly. I wish to share these beneficial Du`ā’s that we have learnt from him, InshaaAllah.
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March 17, 2018

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LESSON FORTY-THREE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 42 | The Vastness of Allah’s Forgiveness

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 |  Lesson Forty-Three  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 …

|  Hadith 42  | The Vastness of Allah’s Forgiveness

 

عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ: قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى: “يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! إِنَّكَ مَا دَعَوْتنِي وَرَجَوْتنِي غَفَرْتُ لَك عَلَى مَا كَانَ مِنْك وَلَا أُبَالِي، يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! لَوْ بَلَغَتْ ذُنُوبُك عَنَانَ السَّمَاءِ ثُمَّ اسْتَغْفَرْتنِي غَفَرْتُ لَك، يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ! إنَّك لَوْ أتَيْتنِي بِقُرَابِ الْأَرْضِ خَطَايَا ثُمَّ لَقِيتنِي لَا تُشْرِكُ بِي شَيْئًا لَأَتَيْتُك بِقُرَابِهَا مَغْفِرَةً

رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:3540]، وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

Anas Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:

‘O Son of Adam, as long as you invoke Me and have hopes in Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O Son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and you then asked forgiveness from Me, I would forgive you. O Son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the Earth, and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it [too].’

 [It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said that it was a Hasan Hadeeth]

 …

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

Imaam Nawawi Rahmatullahi Alayh has ended this magnificent work, with a Hadith illustrating Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s Forgiveness. This Hadith draws our attention to the vast Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. A general declaration for the Believers on behalf of the real King and Master, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, that man is prone to committing sins and errors due to his weaknesses but the effacement of these sins is through making sincere Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness) from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

This Hadith clearly illustrates that despite the excessive sins of man, even though they may reach the skies of the world or fill the entire globe, if he turns to Allah and seeks forgiveness and sincere repentance with a penitent heart, through Taubah and Istighfaar, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is prepared to forgive him, as long as he does not associate any partners with Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

So, this Hadith gives us great hope in the Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. We are therefore exhorted to make Dua to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala that is accompanied by hope. Even if the wrong actions of the servant are enormous, the pardon of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and His Forgiveness is greater and more enormous than those wrong actions (sins). There is a Dua mentioned in the Hadith, to recite when one is seeking forgiveness from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala :

اَللَّهُمَّ مَغْفِرَتُكَ أَوْسَعُ مِنْ ذُنُوبِي وَرَحْمَتُكَ اَرْجَي عِنْدِي مِنْ عَمَلِي

O Allah your forgiveness is more vast than my wrong actions and your mercy is more hopeful to me than my own actions (البيهقي في الشعب 7126 ) (Haakim)

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has commanded making Istighfaar in various Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions :

وَاسْتَغْفِرُوا اللَّهَ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

and ask forgiveness of Allah . Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful ~ Surah Al Baqarah 2:199

March 17, 2018

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LESSON FORTY-TWO | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 41  |The Sign of Faith

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 |  Lesson Forty-Two  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 …

|  Hadith 41  | The Sign of Faith

 

عَنْ أَبِي مُحَمَّدٍ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَاصِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يَكُونَ هَوَاهُ تَبَعًا لِمَا جِئْتُ بِهِ”

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ، رَوَيْنَاهُ فِي كِتَابِ “الْحُجَّةِ” بِإِسْنَادٍ صَحِيحٍ

On the authority of Abu Muhammad Abdullah bin ’Amr bin al-’Aas Radiallahu Anhu, who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said,  “None of you [truly] believes until his desires are subservient to that which I have brought.”

[Imam an-Nawawi says: We have related it in Kitab al-Hujjah with a Saheeh chain of narrators]

 

 …

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we understand an important aspect of subjugating oneself to the Deen of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. A person’s Imaan is not complete until he follows those commands and prohibitions, that which Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam brought. Till one’s whims and desires do not become subservient to the Deen, one cannot be a true Mu’min. After attesting the Nubuwwat of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, it becomes necessary to adopt his way of life in all aspects.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

قُلْ إِن كُنتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي

Say, [O Muhammad], “If you should love Allah, then follow me ~Surah Al Imraan 3:31

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has also mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَمَا كَانَ لِمُؤْمِنٍ وَلَا مُؤْمِنَةٍ إِذَا قَضَى اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَمْرًا أَن يَكُونَ لَهُمُ الْخِيَرَةُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِمْ

It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter, that they should [thereafter] have any choice about their affair. ~ Surah Al Ahzaab 33:36

All acts of disobedience arise from giving preference to what the self loves over what Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam loves. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala describes the idolaters in following their desires in numerous Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَإِن لَّمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكَ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يَتَّبِعُونَ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ ۚ وَمَنْ أَضَلُّ مِمَّنِ اتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ بِغَيْرِ هُدًى مِّنَ اللَّهِ

But if they do not respond to you – then know that they only follow their [own] desires. And who is more astray than one who follows his desire without guidance from Allah? ~ Surah Al Qasas 28:50

Those who’s hearts are filled with the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and the love of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the pure and flawless Shariah then becomes second nature to them. They then reach a stage where their Nafs (inner-self) desires only that which Shariah desires from them.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and forbade the lower self it’s [unlawful] inclination.Then indeed, Paradise will be [his] refuge. ~ Surah An Naaziaat 79:40/41

March 16, 2018

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 15~3~18

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Recitation of Surah Mulk • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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March 12, 2018

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Lessons From Hadith Shareef  ~ Riyad us-Saaliheen

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 Lessons From Hadith Shareef  •  Riyad us-Saaliheen
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• Introduction to Riyad us-Saaliheen
• Brief Biography of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه | Author of Riyad us-Saaliheen
Chapter 1 > Hadith 1 | Sincerity of Intention إِنَّمَا الْأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ  Innamal a’malu binniyat | Actions are judged by their Intentions [Part 1]
• Chapter 1 > Hadith 1 | Sincerity of Intention إِنَّمَا الْأَعْمَالُ بِالنِّيَّاتِ  Innamal a’malu binniyat | Actions are judged by their Intentions [Part 2]
• Chapter 1 | Hadith 2 | Hadith 3
• Chapter 1 | Hadith 4 | Hadith 5
• Chapter 1 | Hadith 6
• Chapter 1 | Hadith 7 | Hadith 8 |Hadith 9
• Chapter 1 | Hadith 10 | Hadith 11
• Chapter 1 | Hadith 12
• Chapter 2 | Hadith 13 | Hadith 14 | Hadith 15
• Chapter 2 | Hadith 16 | Hadith 17 | Hadith 18 | Hadith 19
• Chapter 2 | Hadith 20
• Chapter 2 | Hadith 21 [Part 1]
• Chapter 2 | Hadith 21 [Part 2]
• Chapter 2 | Hadith 21 [Part 3]
• Chapter 2 | Hadith 22 | Hadith 23 | Hadith 24
 
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March 2, 2018

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LESSON FORTY-ONE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 40  |Be in this World As A Traveller

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Forty-One  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Lesson Forty-One |  Hadith 40  |

 Be in this World As A Traveller

عَنْ ابْن عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَ: أَخَذَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم بِمَنْكِبِي، وَقَالَ: “كُنْ فِي الدُّنْيَا كَأَنَّك غَرِيبٌ أَوْ عَابِرُ سَبِيلٍ”. وَكَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا يَقُولُ: إذَا أَمْسَيْتَ فَلَا تَنْتَظِرْ الصَّبَاحَ، وَإِذَا أَصْبَحْتَ فَلَا تَنْتَظِرْ الْمَسَاءَ، وَخُذْ مِنْ صِحَّتِك لِمَرَضِك، وَمِنْ حَيَاتِك لِمَوْتِك

On the authority of Abdullah ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhu, who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam took me by the shoulder and said, “Be in this world as though you were a stranger or a wayfarer.” And Ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhu used to say, “In the evening do not expect [to live until] the morning, and in the morning do not expect [to live until] the evening. Take [advantage of] your health before times of sickness, and [take advantage of] your life before your death.” [Al-Bukhari]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith is a basic source on the need to have little wishful thinking about the world, and that the Believer ought not to take the world as his permanent residence. In fact, on the contrary, he should be in this world as if he were on the point of departure, preparing his equipment and needs for this journey.

Someone mentioned : “Cross it and do not inhabit it…”. In other words, cross the world and do not inhabit the world. “Who is there who would build a house on the waves of the sea?” ie: do not take the world as a dwelling place. The world is retreating and Aakhirah is advancing…so how could one become pre-occupied with that which is leaving and turn away from that which is approaching.

Since this world is not the residence or the homeland, then the state of a Mu’min should be either of the two : (a) he should be as if he was a stranger in a foreign country who’s concern is to gather provision for this journey and return to his homeland, or (b) he should be as if he was a traveller (night and day) who is not a resident at all to the land where he intends.

It is for this reason that Ibn Umar Radiallahu Anhu’s advice that he derived from this Hadith, comprises extreme restriction of one’s expectations… that, when someone enters the evening, he does not anticipate the morning and when someone enters the morning, he does not anticipate the evening, but rather on the contrary he thinks that his expected term will come to him before that.

Therefore he further mentioned : “Take [advantage of] your health before times of sickness, and [take advantage of] your life before your death.”… meaning, gain from righteous actions whilst you are healthy before ill health interposes between you and righteous actions, and during your life, before death interposes between you and good actions.

One should be very cautious with regard to anything that will impede the performance of righteous actions and anything that will pre-occupy one away from earning for the Aakhirah,. Hence, one should hasten to do righteous actions before he cannot perform them.

March 2, 2018

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LESSON FORTY | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 39  | Leniency for the One who Errs, the One who Forgets, and the One who is Forced

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Forty  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

| Lesson Forty  |  Hadith 39  |

Leniency for the One who Errs, the One who Forgets, and the One who is Forced

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “إنَّ اللَّهَ تَجَاوَزَ لِي عَنْ أُمَّتِي الْخَطَأَ وَالنِّسْيَانَ وَمَا اسْتُكْرِهُوا عَلَيْهِ

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ ابْنُ مَاجَهْ [رقم:2045]، وَالْبَيْهَقِيّ [“السنن” 7

Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :  Verily Allah has pardoned for me my Ummah: their mistakes, their forgetfulness, and that which they have been forced to do under duress.

[A Hasan Hadeeth related by Ibn Majah, and al-Bayhaqee and others]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

> The meaning of this Hadith is that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has pardoned the unintentional mistakes, errors and forgetfulness  from the  Ummah of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and has abandoned the reckoning and punishment of that from them … ie : if someone intends something by his action, but his action achieves something other than what he intended. As an example : if someone intends killing a disbeliever in a battle, but ends up killing a Muslim, then that action is regarded as a mistake and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala pardons him.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ فِيمَا أَخْطَأْتُم بِهِ وَلَٰكِن مَّا تَعَمَّدَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ ۚ

And there is no blame [sin] upon you for that in which you have erred but [only for] what your hearts intended. [Surah Al-‘Ahzaab 33:5]

ie: there is no sin for a person upon whom ‘honest’ mistakes are made, but not for that person who’s heart was determined upon doing intentional evil (premeditated actions).

It is mentioned in a Hadith of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  :

إِذَا حَكَمَ الْحَاكِمُ فَاجْتَهَدَ ثُمَّ أَصَابَ فَلَهُ أَجْرَانِ وَإِذَا حَكَمَ فَاجْتَهَدَ ثُمَّ أَخْطَأَ فَلَهُ أَجْرٌ

If a judge makes a ruling, striving to apply his reasoning (Ijtihad) and he is correct, then he will have two rewards. If a judge makes a ruling, striving to apply his reasoning and he is mistaken, then he will have one reward. [Saheeh Bukhaari]

> Forgetfulness, is that someone remembers something but forgets to do it. As an example : someone proceeds to perform Salaah and remembers that he needs to perform Wudhu, but, at the time of Salaah, he performs his Salaah forgetting that he did not perform his Wudhu, then there will not be any reckoning against him. However, as far as the Mas’ala is concerned : if someone is performing Salaah and remembers that he forgot the Wudhu, he should make Wudhu when he remembers and repeat his Salaah.

> As for coercion, if someone innocent is persuaded to do something by force or threats, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan that it is pardoned by Him :

مَن كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ

Whoever disbelieves in Allah after his belief… except for one who is forced [to renounce his religion] while his heart is secure in faith [Surah An-Nahl 16:106]

ie: when someone has absolutely no choice or power to prevent something against themselves and is coerced (forced) to utter the words of Kufr (disbelief)… but his heart has no intention to utter those words, and is firm on Imaan. Such a person is forgiven.

In essence, on day of Qiyaamah, such persons that performed certain actions mistakenly; or out of forgetfulness; or out of coercion… will not be taken to task by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and will be pardoned.However, pardoning of each of these actions are with regard to the Hereafter. The Hukm and law of these different errors are dependant upon their specific Mas’aail (rulings).

February 24, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-NINE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 38  | Attaining Nearness to Allah and His Love

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Nine  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

|  Lesson Thirty-Nine |  Hadith 38  |

Attaining Nearness to Allah and His Love

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَة رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُول اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم إنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَالَ: “مَنْ عَادَى لِي وَلِيًّا فَقْد آذَنْتهُ بِالْحَرْبِ، وَمَا تَقَرَّبَ إلَيَّ عَبْدِي بِشَيْءٍ أَحَبَّ إلَيَّ مِمَّا افْتَرَضْتُهُ عَلَيْهِ، وَلَا يَزَالُ عَبْدِي يَتَقَرَّبُ إلَيَّ بِالنَّوَافِلِ حَتَّى أُحِبَّهُ، فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْت سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ، وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ، وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطِشُ بِهَا، وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا، وَلَئِنْ سَأَلَنِي لَأُعْطِيَنَّهُ، وَلَئِنْ اسْتَعَاذَنِي لَأُعِيذَنَّهُ

 [رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Verily Allah Ta’ala has said: ‘Whosoever shows enmity to a Wali (friend) of Mine, then I have declared war against him. And My servant does not draw near to Me with anything more loved to Me than the religious duties I have obligated upon him. And My servant continues to draw near to me with Nafil (supererogatory) deeds until I Love him. When I Love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him; and were he to seek refuge with Me, I would surely grant him refuge.’ ”

[Al-Bukhari]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

This a Hadith-e-Qudsi covering many important issues, namely :        

(1) The virtues and the rank of the true friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (Awliyaa) and (2) the reward for performing Faraaidh (compulsory acts of worship) and (3) the reward for performing Nawaafil (obligatory acts of worship)

 

(1) The virtues and the rank of the true friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (Awliyaa)

There is a very serious threat in this Hadith against those people who harbour enmity or malice towards the Awliyaa (friends of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala), because Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala declares war against such people. Humiliation and problems will be a such a person’s lot in this world and a disgraceful and painful punishment awaits him in the Hereafter.     

 

(2) the reward for performing Faraaidh (compulsory acts of worship) and

(3) the reward for performing Nawaafil (obligatory acts of worship)

The Hadith further mentions the importance of attaining closeness to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, firstly through Faraaidh and then through Nawaafil.

The greatest proximity to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is attained through Faraaidh (obligatory acts of Ibaadah that Allah has placed upon us). This nearness is further enhanced through Nawaafil and abstention from prohibitions and Haraam.

When a person becomes closer to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala through Nawaafil acts of Ibadaah, Allah begins to love a person and says :    

فَإِذَا أَحْبَبْتُهُ كُنْتُ سَمْعَهُ الَّذِي يَسْمَعُ بِهِ، وَبَصَرَهُ الَّذِي يُبْصِرُ بِهِ، وَيَدَهُ الَّتِي يَبْطُشُ بِهَا وَرِجْلَهُ الَّتِي يَمْشِي بِهَا،
I become his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his leg with which he walks…..[Bukhaari]    

The Muhadditheen explain this to mean, his limbs become the instruments of virtue and henceforth this servant will not use them in any act of displeasure of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. He will only look at those things in which Allah’s pleasure lies, he will hear only those things which Allah desires, he will touch only those things sanctioned by Allah, he will walk to those places only where Allah has permitted….

There is no doubt that this is a very high an lofty position that a person attains. Allah Ta’ala becomes the helper of such a person. Allah Ta’ala guides him. Allah Ta’ala uses him to do acts that will gain HIS pleasure. And when he begs from Allah Ta’ala, Allah answers him…and when he seeks protection from Allah Ta’ala, Allah grants him HIS protection.

 

February 24, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-EIGHT | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 37 | The Grace of Allah and His Mercy

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Eight  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Lesson Thirty-Eight  |  Hadith 37  |

The Grace of Allah and His Mercy

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فِيمَا يَرْوِيهِ عَنْ رَبِّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى، قَالَ: “إنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَالسَّيِّئَاتِ، ثُمَّ بَيَّنَ ذَلِكَ، فَمَنْ هَمَّ بِحَسَنَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ إلَى سَبْعِمِائَةِ ضِعْفٍ إلَى أَضْعَافٍ كَثِيرَةٍ، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِسَيِّئَةٍ فَلَمْ يَعْمَلْهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حَسَنَةً كَامِلَةً، وَإِنْ هَمَّ بِهَا فَعَمِلَهَا كَتَبَهَا اللَّهُ سَيِّئَةً وَاحِدَةً”

رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]، في “صحيحيهما” بهذه الحروف

On the authority of Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:

Verily Allah Ta’ala has written down the good deeds and the evil deeds, and then explained it [by saying]: “Whosoever intended to perform a good deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended to perform it and then did perform it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as from ten good deeds up to seven hundred times, up to many times multiplied. And if he intended to perform an evil deed, but did not do it, then Allah writes it down with Himself as a complete good deed. And if he intended it [i.e., the evil deed] and then performed it, then Allah writes it down as one evil deed.”

[Al-Bukhari] [Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam conveys to us, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s abundant Mercy, Grace and favour upon this Ummah, in that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala rewards us over any good that we do. Every righteous act is rewarded manifold.

We learn from various Ahadeeth, that, there is a recording of the good and wrong actions that one does …and, these are of four types.

• THE FIRST TYPE : doing good actions, so that the good action is multiplied to ten onto seven hundred and onto manifold (rewards). Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

مَن جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا

Whoever comes [on the Day of Judgement] with a good deed will have ten times the like thereof [to his credit], ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]

 

In another Ayaah mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has used a metaphor of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah. Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala says :

مَّثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ حَبَّةٍ أَنبَتَتْ سَبْعَ سَنَابِلَ فِي كُلِّ سُنبُلَةٍ مِّائَةُ حَبَّةٍ ۗ

The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven ears; in each ear is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]

Therefore, this implies, that when a person spends in the path of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, Allah increases his reward manifold. From one, to seven hundred, to seven thousand, to even more!

Hazrat Abu Mas’ud RadiAllahu Anhu reported: A man came with a bridled camel and he said, “This is for the cause of Allah”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

لَكَ بِهَا يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ سَبْعُ مِائَةِ نَاقَةٍ كُلُّهَا مَخْطُومَةٌ

You will have for it seven hundred camels on the Day of Resurrection. Each of them will be bridled. [Saheeh Muslim]

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَاللَّهُ يُضَاعِفُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ ۗ

And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. ~ [Surah Al-Baqarah 2:261]

 

• THE SECOND TYPE : is wrong actions for which a wrong is recorded like for like without multiplication. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَمَن جَاءَ بِالسَّيِّئَةِ فَلَا يُجْزَىٰ إِلَّا مِثْلَهَا وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ

and whoever comes with an evil deed will not be recompensed except the like thereof; and they will not be wronged. ~ [Surah Al-‘An`aam 6:160]

ie: those who produce one deed of disobedience to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala (one bad deed), will only be repaid the equivalent (one bad deed) and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will not wrong them.

• THE THIRD TYPE : is to intend a good action, in which a complete reward is recorded even though one did not perform the good action. Whoever intends to do a good action but does not do it, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala knows that his heart was attached to it and was eager to perform it, then it is written as a good action for him and he is rewarded with one full reward.

• THE FOURTH TYPE : is to have an intention to do wrong actions, without acting on the intention. For this, a person gets a reward of a good action! Even though he had a bad intention, but because he did not act upon the intention (solely for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) he obtains a reward.

This shows that someone who is able to do that act of disobedience which he intends but gives it up for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, then he will be rewarded.

February 18, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-SEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 36  | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Seven  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 36 | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

 

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ:مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ مُؤْمِنٍ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ الدُّنْيَا نَفَّسَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَمَنْ يَسَّرَ عَلَى مُعْسِرٍ، يَسَّرَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ، وَمَنْ سَتَرَ مُسْلِما سَتَرَهُ اللهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ، وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، وَمَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ طَرِيقًا إلَى الْجَنَّةِ، وَمَا اجْتَمَعَ قَوْمٌ فِي بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوتِ اللَّهِ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ، وَيَتَدَارَسُونَهُ ؛ إلَّا نَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ السَّكِينَةُ، وَغَشِيَتْهُمْ الرَّحْمَةُ، وَ حَفَّتهُمُ المَلاَئِكَة، وَذَكَرَهُمْ اللَّهُ فِيمَنْ عِنْدَهُ، وَمَنْ بَطْأَ بِهِ عَمَلُهُ لَمْ يُسْرِعْ بِهِ نَسَبُهُ
[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

Whoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the grief’s of the Day of Resurrection. And whoever alleviates the need of a needy person, Allah will alleviate his needs in this world and the Hereafter. Whoever conceals the misdeeds of a Muslim, Allah will shield him in this world and the Hereafter. And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother. And whoever follows a path to seek knowledge therein, Allah will make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather together in one of the Houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, except that Sakeenah (tranquillity) descends upon them, and mercy envelops them, and the angels surround them, and Allah mentions them amongst those who are with Him. And whoever is slowed down by his actions, will not be hastened forward by his lineage. [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

1]  In this Hadith, seven important things have been mentioned… four of which pertain to the rights of a Believer. We have been foremost exhorted in this Hadith to relieve a Muslim brother from any distress (pain, suffering, anxiety) that he may be experiencing and lighten his difficulties.

The meaning of نَفَّسَ “Naffasah” (mentioned in this Hadith) is likened to a person who removes a strangling cord around the neck of another person, allowing him to breathe. Similarly, a Muslim should endeavour to remove the distress and anxiety of his Muslim brother. For delivering him from his pain and suffering and bringing on ease, there is great reward.

 

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

أَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ أَطْعَمَ مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى جُوعٍ أَطْعَمَهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ ثِمَارِ الْجَنَّةِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ سَقَى مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى ظَمَإٍ سَقَاهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنَ الرَّحِيقِ الْمَخْتُومِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ كَسَا مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى عُرْىٍ كَسَاهُ اللَّهُ مِنْ خُضْرِ الْجَنَّةِ

Whichever believer feeds a hungry believer , Allah feeds him from the fruits of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer gives drink to a thirsty believer, Allah gives him to drink from the ‘sealed nectar’ on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer clothes a naked believer, Allah clothes him from the green garments of Paradise. [Tirmidhi]

 

2] We have also been encouraged in this Hadith to make things easier for someone who is hard-pressed in this world, with regards to his property, finances, social issues or by granting him respite in repaying his debt until it become easier for him to fulfil his due…Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ غَرِيمِهِ أَوْ مَحَا عَنْهُ كَانَ فِي ظِلِّ الْعَرْشِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Whoever grants respite to someone in difficulty or relieves him of his debt Allah will shade him on the Day of Qiyamah [Muslim]

3] We have also been exhorted in this Hadeeth, to conceal the wrong of our Muslim brother and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will conceal our faults in the Hereafter, but one who exposes the vulnerability of his Muslim brother then Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  will expose his faults to the extent that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will disgrace him in his own house. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said :

وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother.**

**This has been explained previously in detail in Hadeeth 36

4] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained “Ilm-e-Deen” ie; travelling on a path and seeking knowledge of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Through knowledge one is able to understand the laws of Shariah and what Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala wants from us Believers. Whoever travels on a path seeking knowledge, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will make the path towards Paradise easy… hence, it will be easy for him to practice upon this knowledge. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

إِنَّ مَثَلَ الْعُلَمَاءِ فِي الأَرْضِ كَمَثَلِ نُجُومِ السَّمَاءِ ، يُهْتَدَى بِهَا فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ، فَإِذَا انْطَمَسَتِ النُّجُومُ يُوشِكُ أَنْ تَضِلَّ الْهُدَاةُ

The simile of the scholars of knowledge on the earth is the stars in the sky by which one is guided in the darkness of the land and the sea…. When the stars are clouded over, the guides are about to be lost. [Musnad Ahmad]

As long as knowledge remains on the earth, people will be guided. The remaining of knowledge depends on the existence of the Ulama [scholars]. When they disappear from this world, then people will fall into error.

5/6] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of reciting the Noble Qur’aan and teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

Four favours have been bestowed upon such people who gather in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, reading the Qu’aan and teaching it to one another : 1] peace and tranquillity descends upon them; 2] mercy envelopes them; 3] the Angels cover such a gathering; 4] and Allah Ta’ala remembers them in the gathering of the Angels.

7] And finally, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of one who performs righteous actions. One who lacks in performing good deeds cannot just have hopes on his lineage… perhaps he may be in the family of a Nabi or Wali or Aalim but that will not assist him on the day of Qiyamah. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentioned to his own relatives : “I cannot avail you in any way with Allah”.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَلَا أَنسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ

Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship [family ties] among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another. [Surah Al-Mu’minoon 23:101]

|  SUMMARY  |

Seven important things were discussed in this Hadeeth. Those four things relating to the rights of a Muslim brother and how we should conduct ourselves in assisting him. Fifthly, the importance reciting the Noble Qur’aan, teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Sixth is the importance of seeking knowledge and lastly, the fact that we should perform righteous deeds and not just depend on lineages.

February 18, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-SIX | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 35  |  Brotherhood in Islam

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Six  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 35 | Brotherhood in Islam

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم ” لَا تَحَاسَدُوا، وَلَا تَنَاجَشُوا، وَلَا تَبَاغَضُوا، وَلَا تَدَابَرُوا، وَلَا يَبِعْ بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَى بَيْعِ بَعْضٍ، وَكُونُوا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ إخْوَانًا، الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ، لَا يَظْلِمُهُ، وَلَا يَخْذُلُهُ، وَلَا يَكْذِبُهُ، وَلَا يَحْقِرُهُ، التَّقْوَى هَاهُنَا، وَيُشِيرُ إلَى صَدْرِهِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ، بِحَسْبِ امْرِئٍ مِنْ الشَّرِّ أَنْ يَحْقِرَ أَخَاهُ الْمُسْلِمَ، كُلُّ الْمُسْلِمِ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِ حَرَامٌ: دَمُهُ وَمَالُهُ وَعِرْضُهُ

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “Do not have envy of one another. Do not inflate prices on one another. Do not hate one another. Do not turn your backs on one another. Do not undersell one another; but rather, be worshipers of Allah and brothers. The Muslim is the brother of his fellow Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he abandon him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him. “Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times. “It is a sufficient act of evil that a person belittles his Muslim brother. Every Muslim to another Muslim is sacred, his blood, his wealth, and his honor.” [Muslim] [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we have been severely prohibited in harming our Muslim brethren.  And we have been commanded to protect the blood, honour and integrity of every Believer. Brotherhood in Islam is a relationship of fundamental importance. The whole community of Believers is conceived of as a great brotherhood. When there is brotherhood there is unity and this strengthens Islam. If there is no brotherhood and there is disunity, then this causes the destruction of Islam. Hence, in this Hadith we have been prohibited from various types of traits that will lead to disunity.

|  HADITH  EXPLANTION  |

 

Do not envy one another,

  • (1) Hasad/Jealousy : Jealousy and envy is blameworthy and forbidden. It is the same jealousy that caused Iblees [Shaytaan] to be expelled from Paradise. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala describes the Jews of having the attribute of jealousy in numerous Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

إِيَّاكُمْ وَالْحَسَدَ فَإِنَّ الْحَسَدَ يَأْكُلُ الْحَسَنَاتِ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ الْحَطَبَ أَوْ قَالَ الْعُشْبَ

“Beware of jealousy, for indeed jealousy consumes one’s good deeds like fire consumes wood.” (Sunan Abi Dawud)

In another Hadeeth Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :

دَبَّ إِلَيْكُمْ دَاءُ الأُمَمِ قَبْلَكُمُ الْحَسَدُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ هِيَ الْحَالِقَةُ لاَ أَقُولُ تَحْلِقُ الشَّعْرَ وَلَكِنْ تَحْلِقُ الدِّينَ

The illness of the nations before you is creeping towards you [ie: jealousy and hatred].

Envy and hatred is the ‘shaver’ [Haliqah] ; I do not say that it shaves hair, but that it shaves** (destroys) faith. [Tirmidhi] **Hatred takes away faith like a razor takes away hair

—-

and do not inflate prices for one another

 

  • (2) Najash / Do not deceive one another : Some scholars have referred to ‘Najash’ as referring to a transaction in sales ie: when someone who does not want to buy any goods, increases the price offered for the goods, either intending to benefit the seller by increasing his price, or by intending to cause harm to the purchaser. Others have interpreted this to be bidding (in a general sense) against each other ie: not to try to deceive each other. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth : مَنْ غَشَّنَا فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا “Whoever deceives (cheats) us is not one of us.” . [Sunan Ibn Majah/Sahih Muslim]. Believers are exhorted not to treat each other with conspiracy and using devises of deception.

—-

and do not hate one another

  • (3) Hatred : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam then mentioned not to hate one another, because we are brothers. Brothers love each other, and do not hate each other. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala forbids the Believer from those things which cause enmity and hatred amongst them. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَصْلِحُوا ذَاتَ بَيْنِكُمْ ۖ So fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves [Surah Al-‘Anfaal 8:1]

—-

and do not turn your backs on one another,

  • (4) Breaking relations and forsaking each other : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :

لَا يَحِلُّ لِمُسْلِمٍ أَنْ يَهْجُرَ أَخَاهُ فَوْقَ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ يَلْتَقِيَانِ, فَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا, وَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا, وَخَيْرُهُمَا اَلَّذِي يَبْدَأُ بِالسَّلَامِ

“It is not permissible for a Muslim to shun his brother for more than three nights. When they meet, this one turns away (from that one) and that one turns away (from this one) and the best of them is the one who greets his brother first. [Abu Dawood]

—-

Do not undersell one another; but rather, be worshipers of Allah and brothers.

  • (5) Underselling : What is meant by this is ‘a sale over and above the sale of another’ ie: when a salesman sells something at a lower price than (a competitor) … with him knowing fully of the initial transaction with the primary seller. This conduct is against the etiquette of Believers and causes disputes and hatred amongst one another. Hence, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has prohibited this practice, which would in turn engender brotherhood in Islam.

—-

The Muslim is the brother of his fellow Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he abandon him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him.

  • (6) Brotherhood : A Muslims gives preference to his Muslim brother over himself.

—-

“Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times.

  • (7) Taqwa / Piety : Taqwa encompasses all the good qualities mentioned in this Hadith. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :                                 إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى صُوَرِكُمْ وَأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى أَعْمَالِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِكُمْ                                                                                             “Allah does not look at your forms or your wealth, rather He looks at your deeds and your hearts.” . [Sunan Ibn Majah].                                                                           Many of those who have excellent outer appearances, properties, status, leading roles in the world… have hearts which are void of Taqwa.

—-

“It is a sufficient act of evil that a person belittles his Muslim brother. Every Muslim to another Muslim is sacred, his blood, his wealth, and his honor.”

  • (8) Brotherhood : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam further re-iterates the importance of honouring a Muslim brother.

February 8, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-FIVE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 34  | Forbidding Evil with the Hands, Tongue, and Heart

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Five  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 34  | Forbidding Evil with the Hands, Tongue, and Heart

 

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ: “مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ، وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الْإِيمَانِ

On the authority of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri Radiallahu Anhu who said: “I Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam say, “Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then [let him change it] with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart — and that is the weakest of faith.”   [Muslim رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

 

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

We have been instructed in this Hadith to prohibit evil to the best of our ability and capacity. Where Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has commanded this Ummah with righteousness and avoidance of vice, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has also charged this Ummah with the responsibility of propagating good and forbidding evil.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ

You are the best nation produced for mankind. You enjoin good and forbid evil and believe in Allah. ~ Surah ‘Aale `Imraan 3:110

Therefore, enjoining good and forbidding evil is a responsibility of the Ummah of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam. In other verses, as well, we see that the quality of the Believers is that they are friends of one another, who command good and forbid evil.

One who possesses the capacity (physical strength), capability (resource) and authority to prohibit evil, should do so by means of his hand. If he is unable to do so by means of his hand, then he should (at least) do so by means of his tongue. If this too is not possible, the he should (at least) feel a repugnance in his heart. If he feels no repulsion against that evil (in his heart), this is indicative that the light of Imaan has been extinguished in his heart. May Allah Ta’ala protect us …

Those who do not stop others from acts of disobedience and evil, Allah Ta’ala will strike them with a punishment before they die. Also, Allah Ta’ala will encompass all the people with punishment, even the good-doers. On account of them (the good-doers) not preventing evil, they too will be afflicted with a general punishment. Dua’s will be unanswered by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala as a consequence of not prohibiting evil.

February 8, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-FOUR | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 33  | Islamic Jurisdiction

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Four  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 

Hadith 33  |  Islamic Jurisdiction

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “لَوْ يُعْطَى النَّاسُ بِدَعْوَاهُمْ لَادَّعَى رِجَالٌ أَمْوَالَ قَوْمٍ وَدِمَاءَهُمْ، لَكِنَّ الْبَيِّنَةَ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي، وَالْيَمِينَ عَلَى مَنْ أَنْكَرَ

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ الْبَيْهَقِيّ [في”السنن” 10/252]، وَغَيْرُهُ هَكَذَا، وَبَعْضُهُ فِي “الصَّحِيحَيْنِ”

Ibn ‘Abbas Radiallahu Anhuma said that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

Were people to be given according to their claims, some would claim the wealth and blood of others. But the burden of proof is upon the claimant and the taking of an oath is upon the one who denies (the allegation).

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has laid down the principle for any Qaadhi (Judge), for giving a decision when any claimant puts forth a claim in front of a judge. The مُدَّعِي (claimant) will not receive anything simply on the basis of his claim, no matter how pious/honest he may be. Unless his claim is proven true by him producing witnesses. If he is unable to present any credible witnesses, then the defendant will be asked to swear an oath. Apart from taking an oath, the defendant will not be asked to provide any evidence that the particular possession regarding which the claimant has made any claim upon, is his or not. The responsibility of providing evidence falls upon a claimant and the swearing of an oath is upon a defendant.

There is an incident mentioned in Saheeh Bukhaari between two people who had a dispute regarding a well. Ash’ath bin Qays mentions : “There was dispute between myself and another man regarding a well. So we took the case to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam.  Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam requested me (the claimant) to produce two witnesses (to support the claim), else he (the defendant) has the right to take an oath refuting the claim”. Ash’ath bin Qays then said to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, “In that case, he will swear and he will not care that it is false”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ يَسْتَحِقُّ بِهَا مَالاً هُوَ فِيهَا فَاجِرٌ، لَقِيَ اللَّهَ وَهْوَ عَلَيْهِ غَضْبَانُ

Whoever swears an oath by which he demands property as his right and in which he is lying, he will meet Allah and Allah will be angry with him”. (Saheeh Buhkaari)

February 6, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-THREE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 32  | No Harming nor Reciprocating Harm

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Three  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 32  | No Harming nor Reciprocating Harm

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ سَعْدِ بْنِ مَالِكِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ الْخُدْرِيّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ:

  لَا ضَرَرَ وَلَا ضِرَارَ

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ ابْنُ مَاجَهْ [راجع رقم:2341]، وَالدَّارَقُطْنِيّ [رقم:4/228]، وَغَيْرُهُمَا مُسْنَدًا. وَرَوَاهُ مَالِكٌ [2/746] فِي “الْمُوَطَّإِ” عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم مُرْسَلًا، فَأَسْقَطَ أَبَا سَعِيدٍ، وَلَهُ طُرُقٌ يُقَوِّي بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا.

Hazrat Abu Saeed al-Khudri Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

“There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm”

(Ibn Majah)

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

The meaning of this very short Hadith which comprises of only two words, is that, there should be no deliberate harming of any person, nor the reciprocating of harm. In essence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has indeed negated causing harm and returning harm without right.

>Some Ulama are of the opinion that, (both) the words ضَرَرَ and ضِرَارَ have the same meaning and it appears in this Hadith for emphasis … whilst other Ulama explain that  ضَرَرَ means harm or injury in the general sense of the word, and ضِرَارَ means mutual harm.

>Some Ulama say that ضَرَرَ is to harm someone who has not harmed you and ضِرَارَ is to harm someone who has harmed you, but you harm him in an impermissible manner.

Causing harm without right is un-Islamic. One can only inflict harm if there is justification to do so. There are various way of causing harm to people, some of which are : disregarding their honour (dignity and respect), disregarding their properties (belongings and possessions), depriving them of inheritance and bequest, usurping their land, and even causing harm to one’s neighbour is considered as harm to a person.

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “A man who harms any Muslim and deceives him, is accursed.” (Tirmidhi)

February 6, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-TWO | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 31  | The Reality of Zuhd (Asceticism)

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Two  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 31  | The Reality of Zuhd (Asceticism)

عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم فَقَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ! دُلَّنِي عَلَى عَمَلٍ إذَا عَمِلْتُهُ أَحَبَّنِي اللهُ وَأَحَبَّنِي النَّاسُ؛ فَقَالَ: “ازْهَدْ فِي الدُّنْيَا يُحِبَّك اللهُ، وَازْهَدْ فِيمَا عِنْدَ النَّاسِ يُحِبَّك النَّاسُ” . حديث حسن، رَوَاهُ ابْنُ مَاجَهْ [رقم:4102]، وَغَيْرُهُ بِأَسَانِيدَ حَسَنَةٍ

On the authority of Abu al-’Abbas Sahl bin Sa’ad as-Sa’idee Radiallahu Anhu who said: A man came to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and said, “O Messenger of Allah, direct me to an act which, if I do it, Allah will love me and the people will love me.” So he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Renounce the world and Allah will love you, and renounce what the people possess and the people will love you.”                                     [Ibn Majah]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith comprises of two beautiful pieces of advice. Firstly, to gain the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala one has to detach himself from this world and acquire Zuhd (abstinence). Secondly, to acquire the love of people, one has to do without what people possess.

 

(1) To gain the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala one has to detach himself from this world and acquire Zuhd (abstinence)

When one understands that this world is blameworthy, totally insignificant, despicable, accursed and a hated object in the sight of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, then he will disassociate himself from this world, and he will then focus on the hereafter and Jannah. Hence, he will adopt righteous deeds and inevitably he will become Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s beloved. There are numerous indications in the Qur’aan and the Ahadeeth that one should give preference to the life of the Aakhirah than the life of this Dunya. > Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Qur’aan :

قُلْ مَتَاعُ الدُّنْيَا قَلِيلٌ وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِّمَنِ اتَّقَىٰ وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا

Say (unto them, O Muhammad) : “The enjoyment of this world is very brief. The Aakhirah (Hereafter) is (far) better for him who has Taqwa (fears Allah), and you shall not be dealt with unjustly even equal to the Fatila (a scalish thread in the long slit of a date-stone) ~ Surah An~Nisaa 4:77

> In a Hadith, Sahl bin Sa’d RadiAllahu Anhu narrated that Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam said :

لَوْ كَانَتِ الدُّنْيَا تَعْدِلُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ جَنَاحَ بَعُوضَةٍ مَا سَقَى كَافِرًا مِنْهَا شَرْبَةَ مَاءٍ ‏

If the world (to Allah) was equal to a mosquito’s wing, then He (Allah) would not allow the disbeliever to have a sip of water from it. ~ Tirmidhi

Hence, when a person detaches himself from the Dunya (ie;  he does away with the superfluous possessions of this world) and uses only that which is necessary for him to live in this world, then, he will gain the pleasure of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

 

(2) To acquire the love of people, one has to do without what people possess.

With regard to the second advice, the method of becoming beloved in the eyes of people is disinclination from their material possessions.

Hassan Basri Rahmatullah Alayh used to say : “A person is respected by others till he does not desire that which is in their hands. But, as soon as he desires those things, the people then regard him with contempt. They dislike speaking to him and they harbour hatred towards him.”

 

So, a person should abstain from asking people and endeavour to be independent of them. Whoever asks people for what they have, they will dislike him and hate him, because wealth is beloved to mankind. Thus, for that reason, they will come to dislike someone who asks them to give him what they love.

December 20, 2017

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Etiquettes of Safar (Travel)

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سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَٰذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ وَإِنَّا إِلَىٰ رَبِّنَا لَمُنقَلِبُونَ

Glory to Him Who has subjected these to our (use), for we could never have accomplished this (by ourselves), … And indeed we, to our Lord, will [surely] return. [Surah Zukhruf 43: 13/14]

Etiquettes of Safar (Travel) : DOWNLOAD LECTURE HERE

December 8, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 8~12~17

bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 8~12~17

Recitation of Surah Waqiah • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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December 2, 2017

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Lessons from Seerah

bismillahh.jpgMajlis ~ Musjid e Noor 30~11~17

Lessons from Seerah

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November 24, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~11~17

bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~11~17

40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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November 16, 2017

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LESSON THIRTY-ONE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 30 |Fulfilment of Obligations and Avoidance of Transgression

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-One  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 30  |

Fulfilment of Obligations and Avoidance of Transgression

 

عَنْ أَبِي ثَعْلَبَةَ الْخُشَنِيِّ جُرْثُومِ بن نَاشِر رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَال:

إنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى فَرَضَ فَرَائِضَ فَلَا تُضَيِّعُوهَا، وَحَدَّ حُدُودًا فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا، وَحَرَّمَ أَشْيَاءَ فَلَا تَنْتَهِكُوهَا، وَسَكَتَ عَنْ أَشْيَاءَ رَحْمَةً لَكُمْ غَيْرَ نِسْيَانٍ فَلَا تَبْحَثُوا عَنْهَا

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ الدَّارَقُطْنِيّ ْ”في سننه” [4/184]، وَغَيْرُهُ

On the authority of Hazrat Abu Tha’labah al-Kushanee — Jurthoom bin Naashir Radiallahu Anhu — that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

Verily Allah Ta’ala has has laid down religious obligations (Faraaidh), so do not neglect them. He has set limits, so do not transgress them. He has prohibited some things, so do not violate them, and He has remained silent about some things, out of compassion for you, not forgetfulness — so do not seek after them.                                                                  

[A Hasan Hadeeth narrated by Daraquthni and others]

 

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

There are four important things outlined in this Hadith :

(1) Fulfilment of Obligations (2) Avoidance of Prohibitions (3) Non Transgression of Allah Ta’ala’s limits and bounds (4) Abstention from probing in those things regarding which Shariah is silent about.

This Hadith is one of the great sources of Deen, hence whoever acts by this Hadith has obtained reward and is safe from punishment, since he discharges his obligations and avoids what is prohibited and remains within the limits, and gives up probing and researching those matters that have been kept hidden from him through the Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, ie: those things regarding which Allah Ta’ala is silent. The person is then pardoned. So accept from Allah His pardon, because Allah Ta’ala will never forget to reveal anything which is required for man, be it Halaal or Haraam. 

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam in another narration, struck the simile of Islam, as a straight smooth path which makes the one who travels it reach his goal. And along with it’s straightness, it has no crookedness or any deviations. Hence, it is near and easy. 

On the two sides of this path (the right and the left) are two walls, which are likened to the limits and boundaries of Allah Ta’ala. Just as walls prevent a person from transgressing and passing beyond them, similarly, Islam (Shariah) prevents a person that enters this path from going beyond it’s limits and crossing over them, ie: one does not go beyond anything that Allah Ta’ala has made forbidden. Hence, Allah Ta’ala praises those who safeguard Allah Ta’ala’s limits and boundaries and Allah blames those who do not recognise Halaal and Haraam.

Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Quraan :

تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا

These are the limits of Allah, so do not transgress them ~  Surah Al-Baqarah 2:229

November 16, 2017

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LESSON THIRTY | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 29 |The Doors to Paradise

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 29  |
The Doors to Paradise

 

عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قُلْت يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! أَخْبِرْنِي بِعَمَلٍ يُدْخِلُنِي الْجَنَّةَ وَيُبَاعِدْنِي مِنْ النَّارِ، قَالَ: “لَقَدْ سَأَلْت عَنْ عَظِيمٍ، وَإِنَّهُ لَيَسِيرٌ عَلَى مَنْ يَسَّرَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ: تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِهِ شَيْئًا، وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلَاةَ، وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ، وَتَصُومُ رَمَضَانَ، وَتَحُجُّ الْبَيْتَ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أَدُلُّك عَلَى أَبْوَابِ الْخَيْرِ؟ الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ، وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ النَّارَ، وَصَلَاةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي جَوْفِ اللَّيْلِ، ثُمَّ تَلَا: ” تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ ” حَتَّى بَلَغَ “يَعْمَلُونَ”،[ 32 سورة السجدة / الأيتان : 16 و 17 ] ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أُخْبِرُك بِرَأْسِ الْأَمْرِ وَعَمُودِهِ وَذُرْوَةِ سَنَامِهِ؟ قُلْت: بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ. قَالَ: رَأْسُ الْأَمْرِ الْإِسْلَامُ، وَعَمُودُهُ الصَّلَاةُ، وَذُرْوَةُ سَنَامِهِ الْجِهَادُ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أُخْبِرُك بِمَلَاكِ ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ؟ فقُلْت: بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ! فَأَخَذَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَقَالَ: كُفَّ عَلَيْك هَذَا. قُلْت: يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ وَإِنَّا لَمُؤَاخَذُونَ بِمَا نَتَكَلَّمُ بِهِ؟ فَقَالَ: ثَكِلَتْك أُمُّك وَهَلْ يَكُبُّ النَّاسَ فِي النَّارِ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ -أَوْ قَالَ عَلَى مَنَاخِرِهِمْ- إلَّا حَصَائِدُ أَلْسِنَتِهِمْ؟!
رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:2616] وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

On the authority of Hazrat Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhu who said:I said, “O Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], tell me of an act which will take me into Paradise and will keep me away from the Hellfire.”

He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “You have asked me about a great matter, yet it is easy for him for whom Allah makes it easy: worship Allah without associating any partners with Him; establish the prayer; pay the Zakaat; fast in Ramadaan; and make the pilgrimage to the House.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not guide you towards the means of goodness? Fasting is a shield; charity wipes away sin as water extinguishes fire; and the praying of a man in the depths of the night.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] recited: “[Those] who forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (charity in Allah’s cause) out of what We have bestowed on them. No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.” [Surah As-Sajdah16-17]

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not inform you of the head of the matter, its pillar and its peak?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer and its peak is jihad.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not inform you of the foundation of all of that?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” So he took hold of his tongue and said, “Restrain this.” I said, “O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say with it?” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “May your mother be bereaved of you, O Muadh! Is there anything that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces — or: on their noses — except the harvests of their tongues?”

It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said it was a good and sound Hadeeth

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

From this Hadith we learn about the actions which lead a person to paradise and save him from Jahannum.

We understand, in reply to an excellent question that Hazrat Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhu had posed to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the type of righteous deeds that would lead one to Jannah.

It is indeed the overflowing Mercy and Bounty of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala upon His servant, that Allah Ta’ala directs him towards doing these good deeds that ultimately enter him into Paradise.

Like the previous Ahadeeth, we were clearly shown that admittance into Jannah is consequential upon presenting the 5 pillars of Islam, namely ; Tauheed, Salaah, Zakaat, Saum and Hajj. Similarly, in this hadith as well, the same has been mentioned, that these are the obligations and duties of a Muslim.

Further, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam points out the ‘doors of good’ consisting of Nafl (optional) actions, that draw a person closer to Allah Ta’ala. The ‘doors of good’ (good deeds) specifically mentioned :

(a) Nafl fasts : which are a shield for a person 

Just like a shield protects a person in times of war, similarly fasting protects a person who uses it, from acts of disobedience in this world, and, it will become a shield against the fire of Jahannum in the hereafter.Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ مَا لَمْ يَخْرِقْهَا “Fasting is a shield, so long as you do not pierce it.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i] …  meaning ‘piercing it with evil speech’.

 

(b) Sadaqah : which extinguishes the sins of a person

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ النَّارَ “Charity extinguishes bad deeds just as water extinguishes fire” [Tirmidhi]

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : “Charity in secret extinguishes the wrath of the Lord and protects against an evil death” [Tirmidhi]

 

(c) Tahajjud Salaah : … the praying of a man in the depths of the night.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :

عَلَيْكُمْ بِقِيَامِ اللَّيْلِ فَإِنَّهُ دَأْبُ الصَّالِحِينَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَإِنَّ قِيَامَ اللَّيْلِ قُرْبَةٌ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَمَنْهَاةٌ عَنِ الإِثْمِ وَتَكْفِيرٌ لِلسَّيِّئَاتِ وَمَطْرَدَةٌ لِلدَّاءِ عَنِ الْجَسَدِ

“Hold fast to Qiyam al-Layl, for (1) it is the practice of the righteous before you, and indeed Qiyam al-Layl is (2) a means of nearness to Allah, (3) a means of prevention from sin, (4) an expiation for bad deeds, and (5) a barrier for the body against disease.” [Tirmidhi]

We have been encouraged to read Tahajjud Salaah, in the last portion (of the middle) of the night. Some commentators explain what is meant by this, is the middle of the second-half, which is the fifth portion of the six portions of the night. This is the time when the Divine Mercy of Allah Ta’ala descends.…

In conclusion, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned some pertinent advices.

• He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, رَأْسُ الْأَمْرِ الْإِسْلَامُ ‘The head of the matter’ meaning: The head of the matter (Deen) is Shahaadah, so whomsoever does not affirm them inwardly and outwardly, has nothing to do with Islam.

• And, وَعَمُودُهُ الصَّلَاةُ ‘its pillar is the prayer’ meaning : in the same way a large tent stands upright because of it’s central pillar, the subsistence of Deen by means of which it stands upright is Salaah.

• And, وَذُرْوَةُ سَنَامِهِ الْجِهَاد  ‘it’s peak is jihad’ meaning : in the same way a camels hump is raised at it’s peak, the uppermost part of our Deen is Jihaad (striving in the path of Allah Ta’ala)

Lastly, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : “Shall I not inform you of the foundation of all of that?” … and that is to ‘guard one’s tongue’ prudently, keep it within bounds, control the tongue and be cautious with regards to the usage of the tongue. The harvest of the tongue is the recompense for saying things which are forbidden. On the day of Qiyaamah, he will reap what he has sowed …

November 9, 2017

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​Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 9~11~17

bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 9~11~17

Recitation of Surah Mulk • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

DOWNLOAD ZIKR MAJLIS 

November 9, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-NINE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 28 |Adhering to the Sunnah

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Nine  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 28  |

Adhering to the Sunnah

 

عَنْ أَبِي نَجِيحٍ الْعِرْبَاضِ بْنِ سَارِيَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: “وَعَظَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم مَوْعِظَةً وَجِلَتْ مِنْهَا الْقُلُوبُ، وَذَرَفَتْ مِنْهَا الْعُيُونُ، فَقُلْنَا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! كَأَنَّهَا مَوْعِظَةُ مُوَدِّعٍ فَأَوْصِنَا، قَالَ: أُوصِيكُمْ بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ، وَالسَّمْعِ وَالطَّاعَةِ وَإِنْ تَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌ، فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مِنْكُمْ فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَسُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيينَ، عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ، وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَمُحْدَثَاتِ الْأُمُورِ؛ فَإِنَّ كُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلَالَةٌ

رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ، وَاَلتِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:266] وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

On the authority of Hazrat Abu Najeeh al-’Irbaad ibn Saariyah Radiallahu Anhu who said: Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam gave us a sermon by which our hearts were filled with fear and tears came to our eyes. So we said, “O Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)! It is as though this is a farewell sermon, so counsel us.” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, I counsel you to have Taqwa (fear) of Allah, and to listen and obey [your leader], even if a slave were to become your Ameer. Verily he among you who lives long will see great controversy, so you must keep to my Sunnah and to the Sunnah of the Khulafa ar-Rashideen (the rightly guided caliphs), those who guide to the right way. Cling on to it [literally: with your molar teeth]. Beware of newly invented matters [in the religion], for verily every Bidah (innovation) is misguidance. [Abu Dawud]

It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said that it was a good and sound Hadeeth.

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we learn that the Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum requested Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to give them some Nasiha (advice). And from the degree, manner and usage of words that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam spoke in the Khuthbah delivered to them, they understood that it may be a farewell admonition. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam advised them firstly :

(1) in having Taqwa

(2) and to hear and obey ;

This refers to hearing and obeying the Ameer (leader) of the time. Whoever is appointed as leader of the time, be it a prominent person or an Abyssinian slave (alienated from nobility), one is commanded in this Hadith to obey the instructions and commands of such a leader, provided that this appointed leader is following the Qur’aan and Sunnah and not a person of incorrect beliefs and executing impermissible (Haraam) instructions to society.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam emphasized obedience towards the appointed Ameer (leader), and prophesized that a time will come when disagreements will arise. And so, during times of disagreement and disputes, one has been instructed by Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to hold firmly onto his (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam’s) way of life and the way of life of the four rightly-guided Khulafah (Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RA / Hazrat Umar Farouk RA / Hazrat Uthmaan Ghani RA / Hazrat Ali Murtadha RA).

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam specifically forewarned the Believers in practising upon Bid’aah (innovations). *Bid’ah (innovations) leads a person astray.

*Bid’ah (innovations) was discussed in detail in Hadith #5 of Arba’een of Imaam Nawawi Rahmatullah Alayh.

November 9, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-EIGHT | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 27 | Righteousness and Sin

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Eight  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 27  |

Righteousness and Sin

عَنْ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ، وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِك، وَكَرِهْت أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ” رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ

[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

وَعَنْ وَابِصَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: أَتَيْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فَقَالَ: “جِئْتَ تَسْأَلُ عَنْ الْبِرِّ؟ قُلْت: نَعَمْ. فقَالَ: استفت قلبك، الْبِرُّ مَا اطْمَأَنَّتْ إلَيْهِ النَّفْسُ، وَاطْمَأَنَّ إلَيْهِ الْقَلْبُ، وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي النَّفْسِ وَتَرَدَّدَ فِي الصَّدْرِ، وَإِنْ أَفْتَاك النَّاسُ وَأَفْتَوْك

Hazrat an-Nawas bin Sam’an Radiallahu Anhu, narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: Righteousness is in good character, and wrongdoing is that which wavers in your soul, and which you dislike people finding out about. [Muslim]

And on the authority of Hazrat Wabisah bin Ma’bad Radiallahu Anhu, who said: I came to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and he (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “You have come to ask about righteousness.” I said, “Yes.” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Consult your heart. Righteousness is that about which the soul feels tranquil and the heart feels tranquil, and sin is what creates restlessness in the soul and moves to and fro in the heart, even though people give you their opinion (in your favour) and continue to do so.”

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith explains Birr (righteousness) and Ithm (vice), which are literally translated as good deeds and bad deeds.

BIRR

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala explains Al-Birr in this verse of the Noble Qur’aan :

لَّيْسَ الْبِرَّ أَن تُوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلَٰكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةِ وَالْكِتَابِ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ وَآتَى الْمَالَ عَلَىٰ حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّائِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَأَقَامَ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَى الزَّكَاةَ وَالْمُوفُونَ بِعَهْدِهِمْ إِذَا عَاهَدُوا ۖ وَالصَّابِرِينَ فِي الْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَحِينَ الْبَأْسِ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ

Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveller, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives Zakaah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. ~ Surah Al-Baqarah 2:177

 

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions Al-Birr (ie: treating people well and having a good behaviour) in the Noble Qur’aan : 

وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ

Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); ~Surah Al-Mā’idah 5:2

• Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam explained Birr as good character and that which towards the heart and the self are at rest. Treating people with good and kind behaviour, especially being dutiful to one’s parents, and to help each other in goodness are some meanings of Birr, from different Nussoos (texts) of Hadith and verses of the Qur’aan.

• Birr is the performance of all inward and outward acts of obedience, ie; it comprises of Imaan in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, establishing Salaah, Zaakah, fulfilling contracts, being patient, accepting destiny … etc. 

• In this particular Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam mentioned Birr as good character, since good character may mean taking on the qualities of character of the Shariah and taking on the courtesy which Allah teaches His slaves in the Qur’aaan.

• In the second narration of this Hadith, Birr is referred to as that with which the self is at rest and the heart is at ease with. This shows that  Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  has created His servants with the ability or disposition to recognize the truth, to be at ease with it and to accept it. And, He fixed in the heart the aversion of it’s opposite.

• The heart of a Mu’min is tranquil and at rest when the light of Imaan enters it. It becomes at ease, tranquil and accepting to the truth. And, it flees in aversion and detests falsehood and is unaccepting to falsehood. Thus, the affair of truth and falsehood is not confusing to a Mu’min who has gained this insight from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

ITHM

Ithm is that which the heart becomes agitated with. It experiences difficulty, constriction, unease, disturbance… It does not expand towards acceptance and regards righteousness as being wrong. A person would not like people to discover this about himself because, he knows that if people become aware of his unaccepting characteristic, they will also regard this particular act or deed of his as wrong.

Even though some people give a judgment in favour of this persons action, one may find that such people issue fatwas according to their own whims and not based on sound knowledge from Qur’aan and Sunnah.

November 3, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Alcock Musallah 2~11~17

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Zikr Majlis ~ Alcock Musallah  2~11~17

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