Archive | November, 2017

Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~11~17

November 24, 2017

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bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~11~17

40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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LESSON THIRTY-ONE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 16, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 30 |Fulfilment of Obligations and Avoidance of Transgression

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-One  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 30  |

Fulfilment of Obligations and Avoidance of Transgression

 

عَنْ أَبِي ثَعْلَبَةَ الْخُشَنِيِّ جُرْثُومِ بن نَاشِر رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَال:

إنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى فَرَضَ فَرَائِضَ فَلَا تُضَيِّعُوهَا، وَحَدَّ حُدُودًا فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا، وَحَرَّمَ أَشْيَاءَ فَلَا تَنْتَهِكُوهَا، وَسَكَتَ عَنْ أَشْيَاءَ رَحْمَةً لَكُمْ غَيْرَ نِسْيَانٍ فَلَا تَبْحَثُوا عَنْهَا

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ الدَّارَقُطْنِيّ ْ”في سننه” [4/184]، وَغَيْرُهُ

On the authority of Hazrat Abu Tha’labah al-Kushanee — Jurthoom bin Naashir Radiallahu Anhu — that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

Verily Allah Ta’ala has has laid down religious obligations (Faraaidh), so do not neglect them. He has set limits, so do not transgress them. He has prohibited some things, so do not violate them, and He has remained silent about some things, out of compassion for you, not forgetfulness — so do not seek after them.                                                                  

[A Hasan Hadeeth narrated by Daraquthni and others]

 

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

There are four important things outlined in this Hadith :

(1) Fulfilment of Obligations (2) Avoidance of Prohibitions (3) Non Transgression of Allah Ta’ala’s limits and bounds (4) Abstention from probing in those things regarding which Shariah is silent about.

This Hadith is one of the great sources of Deen, hence whoever acts by this Hadith has obtained reward and is safe from punishment, since he discharges his obligations and avoids what is prohibited and remains within the limits, and gives up probing and researching those matters that have been kept hidden from him through the Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, ie: those things regarding which Allah Ta’ala is silent. The person is then pardoned. So accept from Allah His pardon, because Allah Ta’ala will never forget to reveal anything which is required for man, be it Halaal or Haraam. 

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam in another narration, struck the simile of Islam, as a straight smooth path which makes the one who travels it reach his goal. And along with it’s straightness, it has no crookedness or any deviations. Hence, it is near and easy. 

On the two sides of this path (the right and the left) are two walls, which are likened to the limits and boundaries of Allah Ta’ala. Just as walls prevent a person from transgressing and passing beyond them, similarly, Islam (Shariah) prevents a person that enters this path from going beyond it’s limits and crossing over them, ie: one does not go beyond anything that Allah Ta’ala has made forbidden. Hence, Allah Ta’ala praises those who safeguard Allah Ta’ala’s limits and boundaries and Allah blames those who do not recognise Halaal and Haraam.

Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Quraan :

تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا

These are the limits of Allah, so do not transgress them ~  Surah Al-Baqarah 2:229

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LESSON THIRTY | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 16, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 29 |The Doors to Paradise

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 29  |
The Doors to Paradise

 

عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قُلْت يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! أَخْبِرْنِي بِعَمَلٍ يُدْخِلُنِي الْجَنَّةَ وَيُبَاعِدْنِي مِنْ النَّارِ، قَالَ: “لَقَدْ سَأَلْت عَنْ عَظِيمٍ، وَإِنَّهُ لَيَسِيرٌ عَلَى مَنْ يَسَّرَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ: تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِهِ شَيْئًا، وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلَاةَ، وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ، وَتَصُومُ رَمَضَانَ، وَتَحُجُّ الْبَيْتَ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أَدُلُّك عَلَى أَبْوَابِ الْخَيْرِ؟ الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ، وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ النَّارَ، وَصَلَاةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي جَوْفِ اللَّيْلِ، ثُمَّ تَلَا: ” تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ ” حَتَّى بَلَغَ “يَعْمَلُونَ”،[ 32 سورة السجدة / الأيتان : 16 و 17 ] ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أُخْبِرُك بِرَأْسِ الْأَمْرِ وَعَمُودِهِ وَذُرْوَةِ سَنَامِهِ؟ قُلْت: بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ. قَالَ: رَأْسُ الْأَمْرِ الْإِسْلَامُ، وَعَمُودُهُ الصَّلَاةُ، وَذُرْوَةُ سَنَامِهِ الْجِهَادُ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أُخْبِرُك بِمَلَاكِ ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ؟ فقُلْت: بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ! فَأَخَذَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَقَالَ: كُفَّ عَلَيْك هَذَا. قُلْت: يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ وَإِنَّا لَمُؤَاخَذُونَ بِمَا نَتَكَلَّمُ بِهِ؟ فَقَالَ: ثَكِلَتْك أُمُّك وَهَلْ يَكُبُّ النَّاسَ فِي النَّارِ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ -أَوْ قَالَ عَلَى مَنَاخِرِهِمْ- إلَّا حَصَائِدُ أَلْسِنَتِهِمْ؟!
رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:2616] وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

On the authority of Hazrat Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhu who said:I said, “O Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], tell me of an act which will take me into Paradise and will keep me away from the Hellfire.”

He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “You have asked me about a great matter, yet it is easy for him for whom Allah makes it easy: worship Allah without associating any partners with Him; establish the prayer; pay the Zakaat; fast in Ramadaan; and make the pilgrimage to the House.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not guide you towards the means of goodness? Fasting is a shield; charity wipes away sin as water extinguishes fire; and the praying of a man in the depths of the night.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] recited: “[Those] who forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (charity in Allah’s cause) out of what We have bestowed on them. No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.” [Surah As-Sajdah16-17]

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not inform you of the head of the matter, its pillar and its peak?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer and its peak is jihad.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not inform you of the foundation of all of that?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” So he took hold of his tongue and said, “Restrain this.” I said, “O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say with it?” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “May your mother be bereaved of you, O Muadh! Is there anything that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces — or: on their noses — except the harvests of their tongues?”

It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said it was a good and sound Hadeeth

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

From this Hadith we learn about the actions which lead a person to paradise and save him from Jahannum.

We understand, in reply to an excellent question that Hazrat Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhu had posed to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the type of righteous deeds that would lead one to Jannah.

It is indeed the overflowing Mercy and Bounty of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala upon His servant, that Allah Ta’ala directs him towards doing these good deeds that ultimately enter him into Paradise.

Like the previous Ahadeeth, we were clearly shown that admittance into Jannah is consequential upon presenting the 5 pillars of Islam, namely ; Tauheed, Salaah, Zakaat, Saum and Hajj. Similarly, in this hadith as well, the same has been mentioned, that these are the obligations and duties of a Muslim.

Further, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam points out the ‘doors of good’ consisting of Nafl (optional) actions, that draw a person closer to Allah Ta’ala. The ‘doors of good’ (good deeds) specifically mentioned :

(a) Nafl fasts : which are a shield for a person 

Just like a shield protects a person in times of war, similarly fasting protects a person who uses it, from acts of disobedience in this world, and, it will become a shield against the fire of Jahannum in the hereafter.Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ مَا لَمْ يَخْرِقْهَا “Fasting is a shield, so long as you do not pierce it.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i] …  meaning ‘piercing it with evil speech’.

 

(b) Sadaqah : which extinguishes the sins of a person

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ النَّارَ “Charity extinguishes bad deeds just as water extinguishes fire” [Tirmidhi]

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : “Charity in secret extinguishes the wrath of the Lord and protects against an evil death” [Tirmidhi]

 

(c) Tahajjud Salaah : … the praying of a man in the depths of the night.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :

عَلَيْكُمْ بِقِيَامِ اللَّيْلِ فَإِنَّهُ دَأْبُ الصَّالِحِينَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَإِنَّ قِيَامَ اللَّيْلِ قُرْبَةٌ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَمَنْهَاةٌ عَنِ الإِثْمِ وَتَكْفِيرٌ لِلسَّيِّئَاتِ وَمَطْرَدَةٌ لِلدَّاءِ عَنِ الْجَسَدِ

“Hold fast to Qiyam al-Layl, for (1) it is the practice of the righteous before you, and indeed Qiyam al-Layl is (2) a means of nearness to Allah, (3) a means of prevention from sin, (4) an expiation for bad deeds, and (5) a barrier for the body against disease.” [Tirmidhi]

We have been encouraged to read Tahajjud Salaah, in the last portion (of the middle) of the night. Some commentators explain what is meant by this, is the middle of the second-half, which is the fifth portion of the six portions of the night. This is the time when the Divine Mercy of Allah Ta’ala descends.…

In conclusion, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned some pertinent advices.

• He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, رَأْسُ الْأَمْرِ الْإِسْلَامُ ‘The head of the matter’ meaning: The head of the matter (Deen) is Shahaadah, so whomsoever does not affirm them inwardly and outwardly, has nothing to do with Islam.

• And, وَعَمُودُهُ الصَّلَاةُ ‘its pillar is the prayer’ meaning : in the same way a large tent stands upright because of it’s central pillar, the subsistence of Deen by means of which it stands upright is Salaah.

• And, وَذُرْوَةُ سَنَامِهِ الْجِهَاد  ‘it’s peak is jihad’ meaning : in the same way a camels hump is raised at it’s peak, the uppermost part of our Deen is Jihaad (striving in the path of Allah Ta’ala)

Lastly, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : “Shall I not inform you of the foundation of all of that?” … and that is to ‘guard one’s tongue’ prudently, keep it within bounds, control the tongue and be cautious with regards to the usage of the tongue. The harvest of the tongue is the recompense for saying things which are forbidden. On the day of Qiyaamah, he will reap what he has sowed …

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​Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 9~11~17

November 9, 2017

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bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 9~11~17

Recitation of Surah Mulk • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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LESSON TWENTY-NINE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 9, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 28 |Adhering to the Sunnah

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Nine  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 28  |

Adhering to the Sunnah

 

عَنْ أَبِي نَجِيحٍ الْعِرْبَاضِ بْنِ سَارِيَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: “وَعَظَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم مَوْعِظَةً وَجِلَتْ مِنْهَا الْقُلُوبُ، وَذَرَفَتْ مِنْهَا الْعُيُونُ، فَقُلْنَا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! كَأَنَّهَا مَوْعِظَةُ مُوَدِّعٍ فَأَوْصِنَا، قَالَ: أُوصِيكُمْ بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ، وَالسَّمْعِ وَالطَّاعَةِ وَإِنْ تَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌ، فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مِنْكُمْ فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَسُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيينَ، عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ، وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَمُحْدَثَاتِ الْأُمُورِ؛ فَإِنَّ كُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلَالَةٌ

رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ، وَاَلتِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:266] وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

On the authority of Hazrat Abu Najeeh al-’Irbaad ibn Saariyah Radiallahu Anhu who said: Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam gave us a sermon by which our hearts were filled with fear and tears came to our eyes. So we said, “O Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)! It is as though this is a farewell sermon, so counsel us.” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, I counsel you to have Taqwa (fear) of Allah, and to listen and obey [your leader], even if a slave were to become your Ameer. Verily he among you who lives long will see great controversy, so you must keep to my Sunnah and to the Sunnah of the Khulafa ar-Rashideen (the rightly guided caliphs), those who guide to the right way. Cling on to it [literally: with your molar teeth]. Beware of newly invented matters [in the religion], for verily every Bidah (innovation) is misguidance. [Abu Dawud]

It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said that it was a good and sound Hadeeth.

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we learn that the Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum requested Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to give them some Nasiha (advice). And from the degree, manner and usage of words that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam spoke in the Khuthbah delivered to them, they understood that it may be a farewell admonition. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam advised them firstly :

(1) in having Taqwa

(2) and to hear and obey ;

This refers to hearing and obeying the Ameer (leader) of the time. Whoever is appointed as leader of the time, be it a prominent person or an Abyssinian slave (alienated from nobility), one is commanded in this Hadith to obey the instructions and commands of such a leader, provided that this appointed leader is following the Qur’aan and Sunnah and not a person of incorrect beliefs and executing impermissible (Haraam) instructions to society.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam emphasized obedience towards the appointed Ameer (leader), and prophesized that a time will come when disagreements will arise. And so, during times of disagreement and disputes, one has been instructed by Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to hold firmly onto his (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam’s) way of life and the way of life of the four rightly-guided Khulafah (Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RA / Hazrat Umar Farouk RA / Hazrat Uthmaan Ghani RA / Hazrat Ali Murtadha RA).

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam specifically forewarned the Believers in practising upon Bid’aah (innovations). *Bid’ah (innovations) leads a person astray.

*Bid’ah (innovations) was discussed in detail in Hadith #5 of Arba’een of Imaam Nawawi Rahmatullah Alayh.

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LESSON TWENTY-EIGHT | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 9, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 27 | Righteousness and Sin

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Eight  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 27  |

Righteousness and Sin

عَنْ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ، وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِك، وَكَرِهْت أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ” رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ

[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

وَعَنْ وَابِصَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: أَتَيْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فَقَالَ: “جِئْتَ تَسْأَلُ عَنْ الْبِرِّ؟ قُلْت: نَعَمْ. فقَالَ: استفت قلبك، الْبِرُّ مَا اطْمَأَنَّتْ إلَيْهِ النَّفْسُ، وَاطْمَأَنَّ إلَيْهِ الْقَلْبُ، وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي النَّفْسِ وَتَرَدَّدَ فِي الصَّدْرِ، وَإِنْ أَفْتَاك النَّاسُ وَأَفْتَوْك

Hazrat an-Nawas bin Sam’an Radiallahu Anhu, narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: Righteousness is in good character, and wrongdoing is that which wavers in your soul, and which you dislike people finding out about. [Muslim]

And on the authority of Hazrat Wabisah bin Ma’bad Radiallahu Anhu, who said: I came to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and he (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “You have come to ask about righteousness.” I said, “Yes.” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Consult your heart. Righteousness is that about which the soul feels tranquil and the heart feels tranquil, and sin is what creates restlessness in the soul and moves to and fro in the heart, even though people give you their opinion (in your favour) and continue to do so.”

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith explains Birr (righteousness) and Ithm (vice), which are literally translated as good deeds and bad deeds.

BIRR

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala explains Al-Birr in this verse of the Noble Qur’aan :

لَّيْسَ الْبِرَّ أَن تُوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلَٰكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةِ وَالْكِتَابِ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ وَآتَى الْمَالَ عَلَىٰ حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّائِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَأَقَامَ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَى الزَّكَاةَ وَالْمُوفُونَ بِعَهْدِهِمْ إِذَا عَاهَدُوا ۖ وَالصَّابِرِينَ فِي الْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَحِينَ الْبَأْسِ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ

Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveller, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives Zakaah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. ~ Surah Al-Baqarah 2:177

 

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions Al-Birr (ie: treating people well and having a good behaviour) in the Noble Qur’aan : 

وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ

Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); ~Surah Al-Mā’idah 5:2

• Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam explained Birr as good character and that which towards the heart and the self are at rest. Treating people with good and kind behaviour, especially being dutiful to one’s parents, and to help each other in goodness are some meanings of Birr, from different Nussoos (texts) of Hadith and verses of the Qur’aan.

• Birr is the performance of all inward and outward acts of obedience, ie; it comprises of Imaan in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, establishing Salaah, Zaakah, fulfilling contracts, being patient, accepting destiny … etc. 

• In this particular Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam mentioned Birr as good character, since good character may mean taking on the qualities of character of the Shariah and taking on the courtesy which Allah teaches His slaves in the Qur’aaan.

• In the second narration of this Hadith, Birr is referred to as that with which the self is at rest and the heart is at ease with. This shows that  Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  has created His servants with the ability or disposition to recognize the truth, to be at ease with it and to accept it. And, He fixed in the heart the aversion of it’s opposite.

• The heart of a Mu’min is tranquil and at rest when the light of Imaan enters it. It becomes at ease, tranquil and accepting to the truth. And, it flees in aversion and detests falsehood and is unaccepting to falsehood. Thus, the affair of truth and falsehood is not confusing to a Mu’min who has gained this insight from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

ITHM

Ithm is that which the heart becomes agitated with. It experiences difficulty, constriction, unease, disturbance… It does not expand towards acceptance and regards righteousness as being wrong. A person would not like people to discover this about himself because, he knows that if people become aware of his unaccepting characteristic, they will also regard this particular act or deed of his as wrong.

Even though some people give a judgment in favour of this persons action, one may find that such people issue fatwas according to their own whims and not based on sound knowledge from Qur’aan and Sunnah.

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Zikr Majlis ~ Alcock Musallah 2~11~17

November 3, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Alcock Musallah  2~11~17

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LESSON TWENTY-SEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 2, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 26 |Gratitude to Allah

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Five  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 26  |

Gratitude to Allah

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “كُلُّ سُلَامَى مِنْ النَّاسِ عَلَيْهِ صَدَقَةٌ، كُلَّ يَوْمٍ تَطْلُعُ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ تَعْدِلُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُعِينُ الرَّجُلَ فِي دَابَّتِهِ فَتَحْمِلُهُ عَلَيْهَا أَوْ تَرْفَعُ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا مَتَاعَهُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَالْكَلِمَةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَبِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ تَمْشِيهَا إلَى الصَّلَاةِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُمِيطُ الْأَذَى عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ صَدَقَةٌ”

.[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said “Every joint of a person must perform a charity each day that the sun rises: to judge justly between two people is a charity. To help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it, is a charity. And the good word is a charity. And every step that you take towards the prayer is a charity, and removing a harmful object from the road is a charity.”     [Bukhaari] [Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

The meaning of this Hadith is, that the structure and organization of the bones of the body and their safety is indeed a very great blessing that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has granted each of His slaves … so that every bone demands that we give back a charity (Sadaqah) on behalf of it as an expression of gratitude for this great blessing.

Like the previous Hadith (#25), Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam also explains that charity does not necessarily mean material wealth that a person has to give, but varieties of (other) deeds have been mentioned in this Hadith, which tantamount to giving charity eg: to act justly in a dispute between two people is also regarded as charity ; a kind word is also regarded as charity ; removing a harmful object from the road is also regarded as charity.

So, the outward meaning of this Hadith shows that gratitude together with this Sadaqah (that has been discussed) is necessary for every Believer, in every day of our life. One way of expressing this gratitude is by doing these actions that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned in this particular Hadith.

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LESSON TWENTY-SIX | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

November 2, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 25 |Equal Opportunity

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Six  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 25  |

Equal Opportunity

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَيْضًا، “أَنَّ نَاسًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالُوا لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ذَهَبَ أَهْلُ الدُّثُورِ بِالْأُجُورِ؛ يُصَلُّونَ كَمَا نُصَلِّي، وَيَصُومُونَ كَمَا نَصُومُ، وَيَتَصَدَّقُونَ بِفُضُولِ أَمْوَالِهِمْ. قَالَ: أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ مَا تَصَّدَّقُونَ؟ إنَّ بِكُلِّ تَسْبِيحَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَكْبِيرَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَحْمِيدَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَهْلِيلَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَأَمْرٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ صَدَقَةٌ، وَنَهْيٌ عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ صَدَقَةٌ، وَفِي بُضْعِ أَحَدِكُمْ صَدَقَةٌ. قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَيَأْتِي أَحَدُنَا شَهْوَتَهُ وَيَكُونُ لَهُ فِيهَا أَجْرٌ؟ قَالَ: أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ وَضَعَهَا فِي حَرَامٍ أَكَانَ عَلَيْهِ وِزْرٌ؟ فَكَذَلِكَ إذَا وَضَعَهَا فِي الْحَلَالِ، كَانَ لَهُ أَجْرٌ”

  [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Also on the authority of Hazrat Abu Dharr Radiallahu Anhu : Some people from amongst the Companions of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, “O Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], the affluent have made off with the rewards; they pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give [much] in charity by virtue of their wealth.” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Has not Allah made things for you to give in charity? Truly every Tasbeehah [saying: ‘Subhan-Allah’] is a charity, and every Takbeerah [saying: ‘Allahu Akbar’] is a charity, and every Tahmeedah [saying: ‘Al-hamdu lillah’] is a charity, and every Tahleelah [saying: ‘Laa ilaha ilAllah’] is a charity. And commanding the good is a charity, and forbidding an evil is a charity, and in the bud`i [sexual act] of each one of you there is a charity.” They said, “Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], when one of us fulfils his carnal desire will he have some reward for that?” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Do you not see that if he were to act upon it [his desire] in an unlawful manner then he would be deserving of punishment? Likewise, if he were to act upon it in a lawful manner then he will be deserving of a reward.” [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we learn that one can do good works of charity, not necessarily by giving out material possessions (eg: money) to the poor. But, one could also gain the reward of charity by the mere recitation of SubhaanAllah, Allahu Akbar, Alhumdulilah, Laa ilaha ilAllah, or commanding somebody with good, or prohibiting evil, or even the correct utilization of one’s private parts and fulfilling one’s desires with one’s wife. All these are equivalent in reaping the same rewards that a person attains when giving out monetary charity.

We learn further, of the strong desire and eagerness that these Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum possessed to perform righteous deeds and actions coupled with the grief that they used to suffer due to not being able to do those good deeds. These Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum were very poor and presumed that the only way to give charity was with property and wealth. They lacked material possessions to execute monetary charitable actions of Shariah … eg: they would grieve over staying behind from expeditions of Jihaad due to lack of weaponry and conveyance that they could not meet the expense of.

Hence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  explained to them all the varieties of virtues and good actions a person could do, that are regarded to be different types of charity (Sadaqah).

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