Archive | August, 2017

Lessons derived from Haj and Qurbaani

August 25, 2017

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bismillahhJummuah ~ Musjid e Noor 25~8~17 

Lessons derived from Haj and Qurbaani

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~8~17

August 24, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~8~17

40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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LESSON NINETEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

August 24, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 18 | Follow Up a Bad Deed with a Good Deed |  

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON NINETEEN   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  Hadith 18  |

 Follow Up a Bad Deed with a Good Deed

 

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ جُنْدَبِ بْنِ جُنَادَةَ، وَأَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا،

عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ

اتَّقِ اللَّهَ حَيْثُمَا كُنْت، وَأَتْبِعْ السَّيِّئَةَ الْحَسَنَةَ تَمْحُهَا، وَخَالِقْ النَّاسَ بِخُلُقٍ حَسَنٍ :

 [رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ]

رقم:1987 وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، وَفِي بَعْضِ النُّسَخِ: حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

 

Hazrat Abu Dharr Jundub ibn Junadah, and Hazrat Abu Abdir Rahman Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhuma narrated that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Fear Allah (have Taqwa) wherever you may be, and follow up a bad deed with a good deed which will wipe (the former) out, and behave well (with beautiful character) towards the people.”

[Tirmidhi]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

This Hadith contains three important advices, which embrace all the good of this world and the hereafter, namely :

[1] Taqwa :

Fearing Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, ie: fulfilling all the commandments of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and refraining from all the prohibitions of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

Some scholars have mentioned the meaning of Taqwa as : Allah must not see you in those places that Allah has prohibited you from, nor should Allah miss you in those places where Allah has commanded you to be in …

Amongst the many benefits of Taqwa : Allah will wipe out one’s sins • One becomes honourable and beloved in the sight of Allah • At the time of death, a person will get glad tidings of Jannah • Allah will grant one abundant reward [increase in Sawaab] • Allah will make an opening for him from all difficulties • Allah will grant one sustenance [Rozi] from unseen sources • Allah will give one the the criteria to discern between right and wrong [Furqaan] • Whoever fears Allah, Allah will grant them success in both worlds and saves them from the fire of Jahannum and remains perpetually in Jannah.

 

[2] Follow up a bad deed with a good deed :

Follow up a bad deed with a good deed. The good deed will wipe out the bad deed. After slipping into sin, a person should perform any good action [deed] which will efface the effects of the sin.

Hazrat Ibn Mas’ud Radiallahu Anhu narrated : A man kissed a strange [Non-Mahram]woman. Realizing the gravity of his sin, he came to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, informed him about his transgression and desired that the Shar’ee punishment be implemented upon him so that he may be saved from the fire of Jahannum in the hereafter. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam had still not responded to him, when a verse was revealed :

وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ طَرَفَيِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ ۚ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ

And establish prayer [Salaah] at the two ends of the day and a portion of the night. Verily, virtues [good deeds] repel vices [misdeeds] ~ Surah Hud 11:114

After Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam recited this verse to the man, the man asked Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam whether this applies to him only. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said, “It applies to all of my Ummah.” [Bukhaari and Muslim]

What is meant [in this Hadith], is that a good deed becomes an atonement for an evil deed. For major sins to be obliterated, one has to make Taubah [sincere repentance]. However, minor sins are obliterated [forgiven] when a person follows up with performing a good deed after a bad deed.

There are numerous acts of Ibaadah that eliminate and wash away the minor sins of a person. An example [of minor sins being forgiven] is when a person performs Whudu [ablution], then this virtuous act of worship washes out all minor sins. Or, when a person keeps a Nafl fast on the 9th of Zul-Hijjah, then this wipes out the minor sins of the past and coming year.

 

[3] Behave well [with beautiful character] towards the people :

In a Hadith, Hazrat Abu Darda Radiallahu Anhu narrates : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :

مَا مِنْ شَيْءٍ أَثْقَلُ فِي مِيزَانِ الْمُؤْمِنِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ خُلُقٍ حَسَنٍ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَيُبْغِضُ الْفَاحِشَ الْبَذِيءَ

Nothing is heavier on the believer’s Scale on the Day of Judgment than good character. For indeed Allah, Most High, is angered by the shameless obscene person[Tirmidhi]

A Believer is expected to maintain good conduct and character and speak well [kindly] to his fellow men ; fulfil their needs ; not backbite/slander ; abstain from jealousy/hatred ; forgive the fault of someone who has done him wrong ; meet people with a smile ; fulfil the rights of those who do not fulfil his rights ; maintain relations with those who break ties with him ; be compassionate, kind, loving, caring ; share his food and belongings with others and those who are in need … etc.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : “The best of people are those with the most excellent character.” [Tabarani]

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LESSON EIGHTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

August 24, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 17 | Striving For Excellence |  

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Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON EIGHTEEN   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 17 |

Striving For Excellence

 

عَنْ أَبِي يَعْلَى شَدَّادِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ

إنَّ اللَّهَ كَتَبَ الْإِحْسَانَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ،

 فَإِذَا قَتَلْتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الْقِتْلَةَ،

وَإِذَا ذَبَحْتُمْ فَأَحْسِنُوا الذِّبْحَةَ،

 وَلْيُحِدَّ أَحَدُكُمْ شَفْرَتَهُ، وَلْيُرِحْ ذَبِيحَتَهُ

 [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ] 

Hazrat Abu Ya’la Shaddaad ibn Aws Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Verily Allah has ordained (enjoined) Ihsaan (excellence) in all things.

Thus, if you kill, kill in a good manner. If you slaughter, slaughter in a good manner.

Let each one of you sharpen his blade and let him spare suffering to the animal he slaughters.”

 [Saheeh Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith we have been advised to be kind, compassionate and pleasant to every creature of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Be it a human or an animal, we should deal in an excellent manner towards every creation of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

The word Ihsaan إحسان‎‎ is derived from the word Husn حسن which means to treat someone in a kind, good manner. The word Ihsaan appears in several places in the Holy Qur’aan.

In Hadith-u-Jibra’eel, the concept of Ihsaan إحسان‎‎ in relation to worshipping Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, was discussed in detail.

قَالَ: فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ الْإِحْسَانِ قَالَ: أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ كَأَنَّك تَرَاهُ، فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاك *

Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsaan“. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam answered : “It is that you should worship Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you“. [Saheeh Muslim] *[ Refer to Hadith-u-Jibra’eel / Hadith 2 of Imaam Nawawi Rahmatullah Alayh]

In Hadith 17, two important instances are mentioned by Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, of whom we should be showing Ihsaan [courtesy, kindness and goodness] towards ie: the animal which is to be slaughtered/sacrificed and a person who’s life is to be taken, especially in Qisaas [retaliation].

As for Ihsaan, in the act of killing or slaughtering animals, then it means that one releases the soul in the fastest, easiest and shortest possible manner, without any increase to the torment and pain to the animal, for which there is no need.

The animal should be lead in a very gentle manner towards the place of slaughter and the knife should be concealed from it. We have been taught in the Hadith of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam that to minimize pain, the knife should be thoroughly sharpened before slaughtering an animal.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam passed by a man who had his foot on the neck of a sheep. Whilst he was sharpening his blade, the sheep was looking towards it. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “Why did you not sharpen your knife before you laid it on the ground? “Do you intend to give it two deaths?” [Tabarani]

The animal should not be slaughtered in the presence of another animal. Nor, should it be dragged by it’s ear, but rather by it’s neck.

Hazrat Umar Radiallahu Anhu, once hit a man with a stick because he sharpened his blade in front of a sheep [Bayhaqi]. Another time, Hazrat Umar Radiallahu Anhu saw a man dragging a sheep to slaughter it. Hazrat Umar Radiallahu Anhu hit him with a stick and said: “Woe to you! Lead it to it’s death with grace.” [Bayhaqi]

Regarding Qurbaani, even after slaughtering swiftly, skinning of the animal should only commence after the carcass has cooled down completely.

As far as kindness to other animals are concerned Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said that a person should not burden an animal with heavy weight placed on it’s back, nor should a mounted person stop his mount to involve himself in conversation, lest he burdens the animal. Also, an animal should be given sufficient food, fodder, water throughout it’s journey.

Ihsaan upon a person whom has to be killed, due to the laws of Shariah that were contravened, necessitates that their life should be terminated swiftly with minimal pain and suffering.

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 17~8~17

August 17, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 17~8~17

40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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LESSON SIXTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

August 17, 2017

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bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 15 |  Islamic Manners |  

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON SIXTEEN   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 15  |

ISLAMIC MANNERS

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ:

مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاَللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلْيَقُلْ خَيْرًا أَوْ لِيَصْمُتْ، وَمَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاَللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلْيُكْرِمْ جَارَهُ، وَمَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاَللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ فَلْيُكْرِمْ ضَيْفَهُ

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhu narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day either speak good or be silent. Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last Day honour [be generous to] his neighbour. Let whosoever believes in Allah and in the Last day honour [be generous to] his guest.”

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, has commanded a Believer with three things, namely : [1] Speaking good or remaining silent, [2] honouring one’s neighbour, and [3] being generous towards one’s guest.

These are special qualities of a Believer [ie: one who believes in Allah and in the Last Day].

[1] Guarding the Tongue

A Mu’min (believer) has been exhorted to use his tongue in virtuous deeds and acts, viz. : Tilaawat (recitation) of the Qur’aan, Zikrullah, Salawaat (salutations) upon Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, speaking kindly to people, etc…. If he is unable to do so, then at least let him maintain silence and avoid futile talk.

In a Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :‏مَنْ صَمَتَ نَجَا ‏ “Whoever is silent is saved.[Tirmidhi]

In another Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam mentioned: “Verily the extent a person slips with his feet is much more, than, when he slips with his tongue.” [Baihaqi].

Many people regard the tongue to be insignificant. The tongue is small in size, but it’s crime is great. A person should be careful of abusing his tongue by giving false evidence, backbiting, lying, slandering, swearing, using indecent language etc…

Once, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam mentioned to Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhu : “The tongue will be the cause of people being cast headlong into Jahannum”. [Tirmidhi]

Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri Radiallahu Anhu narrated : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “When the son of Adam wakes up in the morning, all of his limbs humbly beseech [plead to] the tongue and say: “Fear Allah regarding us, because both we and our well-being are aligned with you … If you are upright, we will be on the right … and if you are crooked then we will all be misled.” [Tirmidhi]

 

[2] Honouring one’s Neighbour

The second command concerns being generous [honouring] and fulfilling the rights, of one’s neighbour.

In a Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :‏

مَا زَالَ يُوصِينِي جِبْرِيلُ بِالْجَارِ حَتَّى ظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهُ سَيُوَرِّثُهُ … “Jibra’eel Alayhis Salaam has continuously emphasized to me, the right of neighbours [so much] that I began to feel that soon Jibra’eel Alayhis Salaam would instruct that the neighbour also becomes an inheritor of one’s wealth.” [Saheeh Buhkaari]

Hazrat Abu Shuraih Radiallahu Anhu narrated : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said three times : قَالَ وَاللَّهِ لَا يُؤْمِنُ وَاللَّهِ لَا يُؤْمِنُ وَاللَّهِ لَا يُؤْمِنُ  “By Allah, he is not a Mu’min, By Allah, he is not a Mu’min, By Allah, he is not a Mu’min (ie : he does not have faith).” It was said, “Who is it, O Rasullullah?”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : الَّذِي لاَ يَأْمَنُ جَارُهُ بَوَايِقَهُ   “He, through who’s mischief, his neighbour is insecure ...”  [Saheeh Buhkaari]

Hence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  has mentioned in another Hadith :

 وَخَيْر الْجِيرَانِ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ خَيْرُهُمْ لِجَارِهِ “And the best neighbour to Allah is the best to his neighbours.[Tirmidhi]

Hazrat Ibn Abbas Radiallahu Anhu reported: Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said, لَيْسَ الْمُؤْمِنُ الَّذِي يَشْبَعُ وَجَارُهُ جَائِعٌ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ  “He is not a believer whose stomach is filled while the neighbour to his side goes hungry.” [Baihaqi].

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhu narrated : A man said, “ O Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, a woman prays in the night, fasts in the day, does many deeds and gives charity, yet she harms her neighbours with her tongue.” Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said, لاَ خَيْرَ فِيهَا، هِيَ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ  “There is no good in her. She is among the people of Hellfire.” The man said, “O Messenger of Allah, another woman prays the obligatory prayers and gives bits of food in charity, yet she does not harm anyone.” The Prophet said, “She is among the people of Paradise.” [Saheeh Buhkaari]

 

[3] Being Generous to one’s Guest

The third command concerns being generous [honouring] and showing hospitality to one’s guest. Apart from seeing to the food and drink of one’s guest, the host should also attend to him politely and ensure that nothing occurs contrary to the guests temperament.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “A guest should be fed well for one day and one night, and hospitality is for three days, and anything after that is Sadaqah [charity bestowed upon him]. [Saheeh Buhkaari]

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LESSON SEVENTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

August 17, 2017

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 16 |  The Forbiddance of Anger  |
DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON SEVENTEEN   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 16  |

THE FORBIDDANCE OF ANGER

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَجُلًا قَالَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم أَوْصِنِي

قَالَ : لَا تَغْضَبْ، فَرَدَّدَ مِرَارًا، قَالَ: لَا تَغْضَبْ

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ]

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhu narrates : a man said to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam “Advise me …”

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “Do not become angry”

The man repeated [his request for counsel] several times, and [each time] Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said, “Do not become angry.”

[Saheeh Buhkaari]

. . .

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith  Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  emphasized abstention from anger. It is essential to keep anger under control. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has endowed man with the ability to control his anger. One should ensure that it is not misappropriated or unjustly employed.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  has mentioned in a Hadith :

لَيْسَ الشَّدِيدُ بِالصُّرَعَةِ، إِنَّمَا الشَّدِيدُ الَّذِي يَمْلِكُ نَفْسَهُ عِنْدَ الْغَضَبِ

“A powerful man is not one who defeats another in physical contact. Verily, a powerful man is he who controls his Nafs (ego) at the time of anger”. [Saheeh Buhkaari]

There are Qur’aanic verses that emphasize the need to avoid getting angry and many Ahadeeth are replete with remedies for controlling one’s anger.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَالْكَاظِمِينَ الْغَيْظَ وَالْعَافِينَ عَنِ النَّاسِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

 … And those who swallow (restrain) their anger (rage) and pardon people – and Allah loves the doers of good;

 

. . . 

Anger Management ~ Some Solutions and Remedies

 

1. Seeking refuge in Allah from the Shaytaan. One should read: A’oozu Billaahi Minashaytaanir Rajeem. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has said :

إِنِّي لأَعْلَمُ كَلِمَةً لَوْ قَالَهَا لَذَهَبَ غَضَبُهُ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ Verily, I know a statement, that if he were to say it, his anger would leave: “I seek refuge in Allah from Shaitan, the rejected” [Tirmidhi]

 

2. Remain Silent. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has said :

وَإِذَا غَضِبَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَسْكُتْ‏.‏ … “When one of you is angry, he should be silent.” [Al-Adab Al-Mufrad]

 

3.Make Whudu. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has said :

إِنَّ الْغَضَبَ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ وَإِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ خُلِقَ مِنَ النَّارِ وَإِنَّمَا تُطْفَأُ النَّارُ بِالْمَاءِ فَإِذَا غَضِبَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ ‏‏ ‏… “Anger comes from the devil, the devil was created of fire, and fire is extinguished only with water; so when one of you becomes angry, he should perform ablution.” [Sunan Abi Dawood]

 

4. Sit or Lie Down. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has said :

إِذَا غَضِبَ أَحَدُكُمْ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ فَلْيَجْلِسْ فَإِنْ ذَهَبَ عَنْهُ الْغَضَبُ وَإِلاَّ فَلْيَضْطَجِعْ ‏… “When one of you becomes angry while standing, he should sit down. If the anger leaves him, well and good; otherwise he should lie down”. [Sunan Abi Dawood]

 

In another Hadith, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned the effects of anger with a simple analogy. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said : “Anger spoils a persons Imaan (faith), just like how the aloe plant destroys the sweetness of honey” [Bayhaqi]. The extreme bitterness of the aloe plant (when dipped into honey) removes all traces of sweetness.

Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned : مَا مِنْ جُرْعَةٍ أَعْظَمُ أَجْرًا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ مِنْ جُرْعَةِ غَيْظٍ كَظَمَهَا عَبْدٌ ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ اللَّهِ ‏…. “There is no drinking more excellent to Allah, than the drinking (the withholding) of one’s anger, for Allah’s pleasure[Sunan Ibn Majah].

When a person becomes angry, he should remember that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has more greater power and authority over him. He should ponder over the fact that he himself has many times been in the disobedience of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Should Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala also adopt the attitude of wrath and rage with him, then what will his condition be? He should remember that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is the defender of the honour and right of those who have no defender. Hence, when he becomes angry, perhaps he may be becoming angry upon an innocent person. Allah Ta’ala will take revenge on behalf of that innocent person.

Even a judge has been warned in the Hadith, not to rule against two parties whilst in the state of anger.

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 10~8~17

August 10, 2017

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bismillahhZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 10~8~17

Recitation of Surah Mulk • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 3~8~17

August 3, 2017

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bismillahhZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 3~8~17

Recitation of Surah Yaseen • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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LESSON FIFTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

August 3, 2017

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 • LESSON FIFTEEN •

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 14 |  Honouring a Muslim | 

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON FIFTEEN   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 14  |

Honouring a Muslim

: عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم

لَا يَحِلُّ دَمُ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ [يشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، وأني رسول الله] إلَّا بِإِحْدَى ثَلَاثٍ: الثَّيِّبُ الزَّانِي، وَالنَّفْسُ بِالنَّفْسِ، وَالتَّارِكُ لِدِينِهِ الْمُفَارِقُ لِلْجَمَاعَةِ

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas’ood Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“It is not permissible [legal] to spill the blood of a Muslim [who bears testimony to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and I am the Messenger of Allah] except in three [instances] : the married person who commits adultery ; a life for a life [ie: for murder] ; and one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.”

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

. . . 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

Human life is most valuable. Islam stresses on the value and importance of human life, especially that of a Muslim. A Muslim’s life must not be threatened unless it is under lawful circumstances, ie: when a serious violation of the Shari’ah has occurred.

  • In a Hadith, Hazrat Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri Radiallahu Anhu and Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu narrated that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

لَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ السَّمَاءِ وَأَهْلَ الأَرْضِ اشْتَرَكُوا فِي دَمِ مُؤْمِنٍ لأَكَبَّهُمُ اللَّهُ فِي النَّارِ

 “If all the inhabitants of the heavens and the inhabitants of the the earth participate in shedding the blood of believer [murdering a Muslim], Allah will cast them all [face-down] into Jahannum.[Tirmidhi]

 

  • In another Hadith, Hazrat Abdullah bin ‘Amr Radiallahu Anhu narrated that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

لَزَوَالُ الدُّنْيَا أَهْوَنُ عَلَى اللَّهِ مِنْ قَتْلِ رَجُلٍ مُسْلِمٍ

 “The destruction of the entire Universe is lighter and insignificant on Allah, in comparison to the destruction of a single Muslim.[Tirmidhi]

Before the arrival of Islam, human life had no value. A person was easily killed for various reasons eg: revenge; tribal warfare; newborn females were killed and even buried alive [because she was considered to be a shame upon her father].

Islam is a peaceful religion that has established rules, to safeguard and respect the life of every person, to live peacefully together without any lives being threatened. Measures have been set up in Islam to minimize occurrences wherein a person’s life is wrongfully taken away, except in exceptional cases [where the taking of a human life is allowed].

It is not legal [permissible] to kill a Muslim except in one of these three [exceptional] instances, to show that the blood of a Muslim is valued and treasured by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. This Hadith was also mentioned by Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam in the farewell Hajj, to re-emphasize that a Muslims blood is most sacred in the eyes of Allah.

Islam wishes to avoid any kind of violence, blood-shed, injustice. The punishments that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has set-out [through various laws in Islam] are measures to protect society and community. These are precautionary measures to ensure that evil acts are minimized.

Islam promotes good values and encourages chastity via legal relationships [marriage] between men and women, and discourages Zinna [adultery] or any acts that lead to violence and evil. Therefore, one of the exceptional cases mentioned in this Hadith of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, [where a life can be taken], is when a person commits Zinna [adultery], with the punishment being that the person is stoned to death.

The second instance being, when a person unjustly kills someone else, then the family [of the person killed] has the right to take revenge upon the person who committed the murder.

The third instance being, when a person becomes an apostate [renounces the religion of Islam].

A persons life can be taken in these three instances. However, for someone’s blood and life to be taken, is an important issue and not something one can take upon one’s own hands, nor something that is decided by mere opinion. These are established through textual sources through Qur’aan and Hadeeth and given as a ruling by a Muslim judge, in an Islamic country.

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LESSON FOURTEEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

August 3, 2017

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 • LESSON FOURTEEN •

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 13 |Love for your brother that which you love for yourself

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

|   LESSON FOURTEEN   |


اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  HADITH 13  |

Love for your brother that which you love for yourself

 

عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ خَادِمِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم

قَالَ: “لَا يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لِأَخِيهِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ”

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] ، [وَمُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abi Hamzah Anas bin Maalik Radiallahu Anhu, the attendant [khaadim] of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam narrates that Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

“None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.”

[Saheeh Buhkaari] [Saheeh Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith we have been taught that loving good for our Muslim brothers and sisters is an essential part of our Imaan.

A persons Imaan is deficient if he does not have the quality of compassion and love for his Muslim brother, ie: he does not love for his Muslim brother what he loves for himself.

A Muslim community is built upon love and compassion for its members. Each and every person should care for and help one another and treat others in the same way that they would want to be treated.

For this to be possible, one has to have a clean and sound heart. A heart that is filled with humility, mercy, empathy and compassion, and not one that is filled with jealousy, selfishness and envy.

One should treat others how one desires to be treated, kindly from others. One should look for excuses to forgive his Muslim brother. He should not belittle his Muslim brother. If he makes a mistake, then he should overlook that mistake. Treat him in the best of manners, with kind words, compassion and love. Just as he loves good for himself, he loves good for his Muslim brother. In a similar vein, whatever he dislikes for himself he should dislike for his Muslim brother. Hence, he should enjoin good and forbid evil. If he see’s some defect in his Muslim brother, he should exert himself in a very diplomatic way, to put that right.

Hence, one has to have a vey sincere heart, that is free from malice and envy. An envious person would not like his Muslim brother to excel him in good fortune.

The Salaf-e-Sauliheen and Sahaabah Radiallahu Anhum would give preference over themselves to their Muslim brothers.

Hazrat Abdullah ibn Amr bin al-As Radiallahu Anhuma reported that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

مَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يُزَحْزَحَ عَنْ النَّارِ وَيَدْخُلَ الْجَنَّةَ فَلْتُدْرِكْهُ مَنِيَّتُهُ وَهُوَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَيَأْتِي إِلَى النَّاسِ مَا يُحِبُّ أَنْ يُؤْتَى إِلَيْهِ

 “Whoever loves that he should be removed from the fire of Jahannum and should enter Paradise, then let his death overtake him, while he has Imaan in Allah and the Last Day, and whilst he does to people that which he likes to be done to himself.” [Saheeh Muslim]

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