February 18, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-SEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 36  | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Seven  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 36 | The Virtue of Gathering for the Remembrance of Allah

  

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ:مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ مُؤْمِنٍ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ الدُّنْيَا نَفَّسَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ كُرْبَةً مِنْ كُرَبِ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَمَنْ يَسَّرَ عَلَى مُعْسِرٍ، يَسَّرَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ، وَمَنْ سَتَرَ مُسْلِما سَتَرَهُ اللهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ، وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، وَمَنْ سَلَكَ طَرِيقًا يَلْتَمِسُ فِيهِ عِلْمًا سَهَّلَ اللَّهُ لَهُ بِهِ طَرِيقًا إلَى الْجَنَّةِ، وَمَا اجْتَمَعَ قَوْمٌ فِي بَيْتٍ مِنْ بُيُوتِ اللَّهِ يَتْلُونَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ، وَيَتَدَارَسُونَهُ فِيمَا بَيْنَهُمْ؛ إلَّا نَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ السَّكِينَةُ، وَغَشِيَتْهُمْ الرَّحْمَةُ، وَ حَفَّتهُمُ المَلاَئِكَة، وَذَكَرَهُمْ اللَّهُ فِيمَنْ عِنْدَهُ، وَمَنْ أَبَطْأَ بِهِ عَمَلُهُ لَمْ يُسْرِعْ بِهِ نَسَبُهُ

 [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

Whoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the grief’s of the Day of Resurrection. And whoever alleviates the need of a needy person, Allah will alleviate his needs in this world and the Hereafter. Whoever conceals the misdeeds of a Muslim, Allah will shield him in this world and the Hereafter. And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother. And whoever follows a path to seek knowledge therein, Allah will make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather together in one of the Houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, except that Sakeenah (tranquillity) descends upon them, and mercy envelops them, and the angels surround them, and Allah mentions them amongst those who are with Him. And whoever is slowed down by his actions, will not be hastened forward by his lineage. [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

1]  In this Hadith, seven important things have been mentioned… four of which pertain to the rights of a Believer. We have been foremost exhorted in this Hadith to relieve a Muslim brother from any distress (pain, suffering, anxiety) that he may be experiencing and lighten his difficulties.

The meaning of نَفَّسَ “Naffasah” (mentioned in this Hadith) is likened to a person who removes a strangling cord around the neck of another person, allowing him to breathe. Similarly, a Muslim should endeavour to remove the distress and anxiety of his Muslim brother. For delivering him from his pain and suffering and bringing on ease, there is great reward.

 

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

أَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ أَطْعَمَ مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى جُوعٍ أَطْعَمَهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ ثِمَارِ الْجَنَّةِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ سَقَى مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى ظَمَإٍ سَقَاهُ اللَّهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنَ الرَّحِيقِ الْمَخْتُومِ وَأَيُّمَا مُؤْمِنٍ كَسَا مُؤْمِنًا عَلَى عُرْىٍ كَسَاهُ اللَّهُ مِنْ خُضْرِ الْجَنَّةِ

Whichever believer feeds a hungry believer , Allah feeds him from the fruits of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer gives drink to a thirsty believer, Allah gives him to drink from the ‘sealed nectar’ on the Day of Resurrection. Whichever believer clothes a naked believer, Allah clothes him from the green garments of Paradise. [Tirmidhi]

 

2] We have also been encouraged in this Hadith to make things easier for someone who is hard-pressed in this world, with regards to his property, finances, social issues or by granting him respite in repaying his debt until it become easier for him to fulfil his due…Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

مَنْ نَفَّسَ عَنْ غَرِيمِهِ أَوْ مَحَا عَنْهُ كَانَ فِي ظِلِّ الْعَرْشِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

Whoever grants respite to someone in difficulty or relieves him of his debt Allah will shade him on the Day of Qiyamah [Muslim]

3] We have also been exhorted in this Hadeeth, to conceal the wrong of our Muslim brother and Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will conceal our faults in the Hereafter, but one who exposes the vulnerability of his Muslim brother then Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  will expose his faults to the extent that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will disgrace him in his own house. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said :

وَاَللَّهُ فِي عَوْنِ الْعَبْدِ مَا كَانَ الْعَبْدُ فِي عَوْنِ أَخِيهِ، And Allah will aid His slave so long as he aids his brother.**

**This has been explained previously in detail in Hadeeth 36

4] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained “Ilm-e-Deen” ie; travelling on a path and seeking knowledge of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Through knowledge one is able to understand the laws of Shariah and what Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala wants from us Believers. Whoever travels on a path seeking knowledge, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will make the path towards Paradise easy… hence, it will be easy for him to practice upon this knowledge. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

إِنَّ مَثَلَ الْعُلَمَاءِ فِي الأَرْضِ كَمَثَلِ نُجُومِ السَّمَاءِ ، يُهْتَدَى بِهَا فِي ظُلُمَاتِ الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ ، فَإِذَا انْطَمَسَتِ النُّجُومُ يُوشِكُ أَنْ تَضِلَّ الْهُدَاةُ

The simile of the scholars of knowledge on the earth is the stars in the sky by which one is guided in the darkness of the land and the sea…. When the stars are clouded over, the guides are about to be lost. [Musnad Ahmad]

As long as knowledge remains on the earth, people will be guided. The remaining of knowledge depends on the existence of the Ulama [scholars]. When they disappear from this world, then people will fall into error.

5/6] Thereafter, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of reciting the Noble Qur’aan and teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

Four favours have been bestowed upon such people who gather in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, reading the Qu’aan and teaching it to one another : 1] peace and tranquillity descends upon them; 2] mercy envelopes them; 3] the Angels cover such a gathering; 4] and Allah Ta’ala remembers them in the gathering of the Angels.

7] And finally, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam explained the importance of one who performs righteous actions. One who lacks in performing good deeds cannot just have hopes on his lineage… perhaps he may be in the family of a Nabi or Wali or Aalim but that will not assist him on the day of Qiyamah. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam mentioned to his own relatives : “I cannot avail you in any way with Allah”.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِي الصُّورِ فَلَا أَنسَابَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلَا يَتَسَاءَلُونَ

Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship [family ties] among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another. [Surah Al-Mu’minoon 23:101]

|  SUMMARY  |

Seven important things were discussed in this Hadeeth. Those four things relating to the rights of a Muslim brother and how we should conduct ourselves in assisting him. Fifthly, the importance reciting the Noble Qur’aan, teaching it and making Zikr in the house of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Sixth is the importance of seeking knowledge and lastly, the fact that we should perform righteous deeds and not just depend on lineages.

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February 18, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-SIX | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 35  |  Brotherhood in Islam

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Six  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 35 | Brotherhood in Islam

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم ” لَا تَحَاسَدُوا، وَلَا تَنَاجَشُوا، وَلَا تَبَاغَضُوا، وَلَا تَدَابَرُوا، وَلَا يَبِعْ بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَى بَيْعِ بَعْضٍ، وَكُونُوا عِبَادَ اللَّهِ إخْوَانًا، الْمُسْلِمُ أَخُو الْمُسْلِمِ، لَا يَظْلِمُهُ، وَلَا يَخْذُلُهُ، وَلَا يَكْذِبُهُ، وَلَا يَحْقِرُهُ، التَّقْوَى هَاهُنَا، وَيُشِيرُ إلَى صَدْرِهِ ثَلَاثَ مَرَّاتٍ، بِحَسْبِ امْرِئٍ مِنْ الشَّرِّ أَنْ يَحْقِرَ أَخَاهُ الْمُسْلِمَ، كُلُّ الْمُسْلِمِ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِ حَرَامٌ: دَمُهُ وَمَالُهُ وَعِرْضُهُ

On the authority of Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu who said : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “Do not have envy of one another. Do not inflate prices on one another. Do not hate one another. Do not turn your backs on one another. Do not undersell one another; but rather, be worshipers of Allah and brothers. The Muslim is the brother of his fellow Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he abandon him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him. “Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times. “It is a sufficient act of evil that a person belittles his Muslim brother. Every Muslim to another Muslim is sacred, his blood, his wealth, and his honor.” [Muslim] [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we have been severely prohibited in harming our Muslim brethren.  And we have been commanded to protect the blood, honour and integrity of every Believer. Brotherhood in Islam is a relationship of fundamental importance. The whole community of Believers is conceived of as a great brotherhood. When there is brotherhood there is unity and this strengthens Islam. If there is no brotherhood and there is disunity, then this causes the destruction of Islam. Hence, in this Hadith we have been prohibited from various types of traits that will lead to disunity.

|  HADITH  EXPLANTION  |

 

Do not envy one another,

  • (1) Hasad/Jealousy : Jealousy and envy is blameworthy and forbidden. It is the same jealousy that caused Iblees [Shaytaan] to be expelled from Paradise. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala describes the Jews of having the attribute of jealousy in numerous Ayaah of the Noble Qur’aan.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth :

إِيَّاكُمْ وَالْحَسَدَ فَإِنَّ الْحَسَدَ يَأْكُلُ الْحَسَنَاتِ كَمَا تَأْكُلُ النَّارُ الْحَطَبَ أَوْ قَالَ الْعُشْبَ

“Beware of jealousy, for indeed jealousy consumes one’s good deeds like fire consumes wood.” (Sunan Abi Dawud)

In another Hadeeth Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :

دَبَّ إِلَيْكُمْ دَاءُ الأُمَمِ قَبْلَكُمُ الْحَسَدُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ هِيَ الْحَالِقَةُ لاَ أَقُولُ تَحْلِقُ الشَّعْرَ وَلَكِنْ تَحْلِقُ الدِّينَ

The illness of the nations before you is creeping towards you [ie: jealousy and hatred].

Envy and hatred is the ‘shaver’ [Haliqah] ; I do not say that it shaves hair, but that it shaves** (destroys) faith. [Tirmidhi] **Hatred takes away faith like a razor takes away hair

—-

and do not inflate prices for one another

 

  • (2) Najash / Do not deceive one another : Some scholars have referred to ‘Najash’ as referring to a transaction in sales ie: when someone who does not want to by any goods, increases the price offered for the goods, either intending to benefit the seller by increasing his price, or by intending to cause harm to the purchaser. Others have interpreted this to be bidding (in a general sense) against each other ie: not to try to deceive each other. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned in a Hadeeth : مَنْ غَشَّنَا فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا “Whoever deceives (cheats) us is not one of us.” . [Sunan Ibn Majah/Sahih Muslim]. Believers are exhorted not to treat each other with conspiracy and using devises of deception.

—-

and do not hate one another

  • (3) Hatred : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam then mentioned not to hate one another, because we are brothers. Brothers love each other, and do not hate each other. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala forbids the Believer from those things which cause enmity and hatred amongst them. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

فَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَأَصْلِحُوا ذَاتَ بَيْنِكُمْ ۖ So fear Allah, and keep straight the relations between yourselves [Surah Al-‘Anfaal 8:1]

—-

and do not turn your backs on one another,

  • (4) Breaking relations and forsaking each other : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :

لَا يَحِلُّ لِمُسْلِمٍ أَنْ يَهْجُرَ أَخَاهُ فَوْقَ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ يَلْتَقِيَانِ, فَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا, وَيُعْرِضُ هَذَا, وَخَيْرُهُمَا اَلَّذِي يَبْدَأُ بِالسَّلَامِ

“It is not permissible for a Muslim to shun his brother for more than three nights. When they meet, this one turns away (from that one) and that one turns away (from this one) and the best of them is the one who greets his brother first. [Abu Dawood]

—-

Do not undersell one another; but rather, be worshipers of Allah and brothers.

  • (5) Underselling : What is meant by this is ‘a sale over and above the sale of another’ ie: when a salesman sells something at a lower price than (a competitor) … with him knowing fully of the initial transaction with the primary seller. This conduct is against the etiquette of Believers and causes disputes and hatred amongst one another. Hence, Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has prohibited this practice, which would in turn engender brotherhood in Islam.

—-

The Muslim is the brother of his fellow Muslim. He does not oppress him, nor does he abandon him, nor does he lie to him, nor does he belittle him.

  • (6) Brotherhood : A Muslims gives preference to his Muslim brother over himself.

—-

“Taqwa is here” and he pointed to his chest three times.

  • (7) Taqwa / Piety : Taqwa encompasses all the good qualities mentioned in this Hadith. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam has mentioned :إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى صُوَرِكُمْ وَأَمْوَالِكُمْ وَلَكِنْ إِنَّمَا يَنْظُرُ إِلَى أَعْمَالِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِكُمْ “Allah does not look at your forms or your wealth, rather He looks at your deeds and your hearts.” . [Sunan Ibn Majah].  Many of those who have excellent outer appearances, properties, status, leading roles in the world… have hearts which are void of Taqwa.

—-

“It is a sufficient act of evil that a person belittles his Muslim brother. Every Muslim to another Muslim is sacred, his blood, his wealth, and his honor.”

  • (8) Brotherhood : Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam further re-iterates the importance of honouring a Muslim brother.
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February 8, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-FIVE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 34  | Forbidding Evil with the Hands, Tongue, and Heart

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Five  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 34  | Forbidding Evil with the Hands, Tongue, and Heart

 

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ: “مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ، وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الْإِيمَانِ

On the authority of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri Radiallahu Anhu who said: “I Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam say, “Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then [let him change it] with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart — and that is the weakest of faith.”   [Muslim رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

 

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

We have been instructed in this Hadith to prohibit evil to the best of our ability and capacity. Where Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has commanded this Ummah with righteousness and avoidance of vice, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has also charged this Ummah with the responsibility of propagating good and forbidding evil.

Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has mentioned in the Noble Qur’aan :

كُنتُمْ خَيْرَ أُمَّةٍ أُخْرِجَتْ لِلنَّاسِ تَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَتَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَتُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ

You are the best nation produced for mankind. You enjoin good and forbid evil and believe in Allah. ~ Surah ‘Aale `Imraan 3:110

Therefore, enjoining good and forbidding evil is a responsibility of the Ummah of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam. In other verses, as well, we see that the quality of the Believers is that they are friends of one another, who command good and forbid evil.

One who possesses the capacity (physical strength), capability (resource) and authority to prohibit evil, should do so by means of his hand. If he is unable to do so by means of his hand, then he should (at least) do so by means of his tongue. If this too is not possible, the he should (at least) feel a repugnance in his heart. If he feels no repulsion against that evil (in his heart), this is indicative that the light of Imaan has been extinguished in his heart. May Allah Ta’ala protect us …

Those who do not stop others from acts of disobedience and evil, Allah Ta’ala will strike them with a punishment before they die. Also, Allah Ta’ala will encompass all the people with punishment, even the good-doers. On account of them (the good-doers) not preventing evil, they too will be afflicted with a general punishment. Dua’s will be unanswered by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala as a consequence of not prohibiting evil.

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February 8, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-FOUR | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 33  | Islamic Jurisdiction

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Four  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

 

Hadith 33  |  Islamic Jurisdiction

عَنْ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “لَوْ يُعْطَى النَّاسُ بِدَعْوَاهُمْ لَادَّعَى رِجَالٌ أَمْوَالَ قَوْمٍ وَدِمَاءَهُمْ، لَكِنَّ الْبَيِّنَةَ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي، وَالْيَمِينَ عَلَى مَنْ أَنْكَرَ

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ الْبَيْهَقِيّ [في”السنن” 10/252]، وَغَيْرُهُ هَكَذَا، وَبَعْضُهُ فِي “الصَّحِيحَيْنِ”

Ibn ‘Abbas Radiallahu Anhuma said that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

Were people to be given according to their claims, some would claim the wealth and blood of others. But the burden of proof is upon the claimant and the taking of an oath is upon the one who denies (the allegation).

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has laid down the principle for any Qaadhi (Judge), for giving a decision when any claimant puts forth a claim in front of a judge. The مُدَّعِي (claimant) will not receive anything simply on the basis of his claim, no matter how pious/honest he may be. Unless his claim is proven true by him producing witnesses. If he is unable to present any credible witnesses, then the defendant will be asked to swear an oath. Apart from taking an oath, the defendant will not be asked to provide any evidence that the particular possession regarding which the claimant has made any claim upon, is his or not. The responsibility of providing evidence falls upon a claimant and the swearing of an oath is upon a defendant.

There is an incident mentioned in Saheeh Bukhaari between two people who had a dispute regarding a well. Ash’ath bin Qays mentions : “There was dispute between myself and another man regarding a well. So we took the case to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam.  Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam requested me (the claimant) to produce two witnesses (to support the claim), else he (the defendant) has the right to take an oath refuting the claim”. Ash’ath bin Qays then said to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, “In that case, he will swear and he will not care that it is false”. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

مَنْ حَلَفَ عَلَى يَمِينٍ يَسْتَحِقُّ بِهَا مَالاً هُوَ فِيهَا فَاجِرٌ، لَقِيَ اللَّهَ وَهْوَ عَلَيْهِ غَضْبَانُ

Whoever swears an oath by which he demands property as his right and in which he is lying, he will meet Allah and Allah will be angry with him”. (Saheeh Buhkaari)

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February 6, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-THREE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 32  | No Harming nor Reciprocating Harm

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Three  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 32  | No Harming nor Reciprocating Harm

عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ سَعْدِ بْنِ مَالِكِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ الْخُدْرِيّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ:

  لَا ضَرَرَ وَلَا ضِرَارَ

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ ابْنُ مَاجَهْ [راجع رقم:2341]، وَالدَّارَقُطْنِيّ [رقم:4/228]، وَغَيْرُهُمَا مُسْنَدًا. وَرَوَاهُ مَالِكٌ [2/746] فِي “الْمُوَطَّإِ” عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم مُرْسَلًا، فَأَسْقَطَ أَبَا سَعِيدٍ، وَلَهُ طُرُقٌ يُقَوِّي بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا.

Hazrat Abu Saeed al-Khudri Sa’idee Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

“There should be neither harming nor reciprocating harm”

(Ibn Majah)

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

The meaning of this very short Hadith which comprises of only two words, is that, there should be no deliberate harming of any person, nor the reciprocating of harm. In essence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has indeed negated causing harm and returning harm without right.

>Some Ulama are of the opinion that, (both) the words ضَرَرَ and ضِرَارَ have the same meaning and it appears in this Hadith for emphasis … whilst other Ulama explain that  ضَرَرَ means harm or injury in the general sense of the word, and ضِرَارَ means mutual harm.

>Some Ulama say that ضَرَرَ is to harm someone who has not harmed you and ضِرَارَ is to harm someone who has harmed you, but you harm him in an impermissible manner.

Causing harm without right is un-Islamic. One can only inflict harm if there is justification to do so. There are various way of causing harm to people, some of which are : disregarding their honour (dignity and respect), disregarding their properties (belongings and possessions), depriving them of inheritance and bequest, usurping their land, and even causing harm to one’s neighbour is considered as harm to a person.

Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique Radiallahu Anhu narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : “A man who harms any Muslim and deceives him, is accursed.” (Tirmidhi)

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February 6, 2018

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LESSON THIRTY-TWO | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 31  | The Reality of Zuhd (Asceticism)

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-Two  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

Hadith 31  | The Reality of Zuhd (Asceticism)

عَنْ أَبِي الْعَبَّاسِ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم فَقَالَ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ! دُلَّنِي عَلَى عَمَلٍ إذَا عَمِلْتُهُ أَحَبَّنِي اللهُ وَأَحَبَّنِي النَّاسُ؛ فَقَالَ: “ازْهَدْ فِي الدُّنْيَا يُحِبَّك اللهُ، وَازْهَدْ فِيمَا عِنْدَ النَّاسِ يُحِبَّك النَّاسُ” . حديث حسن، رَوَاهُ ابْنُ مَاجَهْ [رقم:4102]، وَغَيْرُهُ بِأَسَانِيدَ حَسَنَةٍ

On the authority of Abu al-’Abbas Sahl bin Sa’ad as-Sa’idee Radiallahu Anhu who said: A man came to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and said, “O Messenger of Allah, direct me to an act which, if I do it, Allah will love me and the people will love me.” So he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Renounce the world and Allah will love you, and renounce what the people possess and the people will love you.”                                     [Ibn Majah]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith comprises of two beautiful pieces of advice. Firstly, to gain the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala one has to detach himself from this world and acquire Zuhd (abstinence). Secondly, to acquire the love of people, one has to do without what people possess.

 

(1) To gain the love of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala one has to detach himself from this world and acquire Zuhd (abstinence)

When one understands that this world is blameworthy, totally insignificant, despicable, accursed and a hated object in the sight of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, then he will disassociate himself from this world, and he will then focus on the hereafter and Jannah. Hence, he will adopt righteous deeds and inevitably he will become Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala’s beloved. There are numerous indications in the Qur’aan and the Ahadeeth that one should give preference to the life of the Aakhirah than the life of this Dunya. > Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Qur’aan :

قُلْ مَتَاعُ الدُّنْيَا قَلِيلٌ وَالْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لِّمَنِ اتَّقَىٰ وَلَا تُظْلَمُونَ فَتِيلًا

Say (unto them, O Muhammad) : “The enjoyment of this world is very brief. The Aakhirah (Hereafter) is (far) better for him who has Taqwa (fears Allah), and you shall not be dealt with unjustly even equal to the Fatila (a scalish thread in the long slit of a date-stone) ~ Surah An~Nisaa 4:77

> In a Hadith, Sahl bin Sa’d RadiAllahu Anhu narrated that Rasulullah Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam said :

لَوْ كَانَتِ الدُّنْيَا تَعْدِلُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ جَنَاحَ بَعُوضَةٍ مَا سَقَى كَافِرًا مِنْهَا شَرْبَةَ مَاءٍ ‏

If the world (to Allah) was equal to a mosquito’s wing, then He (Allah) would not allow the disbeliever to have a sip of water from it. ~ Tirmidhi

Hence, when a person detaches himself from the Dunya (ie;  he does away with the superfluous possessions of this world) and uses only that which is necessary for him to live in this world, then, he will gain the pleasure of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

 

(2) To acquire the love of people, one has to do without what people possess.

With regard to the second advice, the method of becoming beloved in the eyes of people is disinclination from their material possessions.

Hassan Basri Rahmatullah Alayh used to say : “A person is respected by others till he does not desire that which is in their hands. But, as soon as he desires those things, the people then regard him with contempt. They dislike speaking to him and they harbour hatred towards him.”

 

So, a person should abstain from asking people and endeavour to be independent of them. Whoever asks people for what they have, they will dislike him and hate him, because wealth is beloved to mankind. Thus, for that reason, they will come to dislike someone who asks them to give him what they love.

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December 20, 2017

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Etiquettes of Safar (Travel)

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سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي سَخَّرَ لَنَا هَٰذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لَهُ مُقْرِنِينَ وَإِنَّا إِلَىٰ رَبِّنَا لَمُنقَلِبُونَ

Glory to Him Who has subjected these to our (use), for we could never have accomplished this (by ourselves), … And indeed we, to our Lord, will [surely] return. [Surah Zukhruf 43: 13/14]

Etiquettes of Safar (Travel) : DOWNLOAD LECTURE HERE

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December 8, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 8~12~17

bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 8~12~17

Recitation of Surah Waqiah • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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December 2, 2017

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Lessons from Seerah

bismillahh.jpgMajlis ~ Musjid e Noor 30~11~17

Lessons from Seerah

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November 24, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~11~17

bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 24~11~17

40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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November 16, 2017

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LESSON THIRTY-ONE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 30 |Fulfilment of Obligations and Avoidance of Transgression

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

  

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty-One  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 30  |

Fulfilment of Obligations and Avoidance of Transgression

 

عَنْ أَبِي ثَعْلَبَةَ الْخُشَنِيِّ جُرْثُومِ بن نَاشِر رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَال:

إنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى فَرَضَ فَرَائِضَ فَلَا تُضَيِّعُوهَا، وَحَدَّ حُدُودًا فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا، وَحَرَّمَ أَشْيَاءَ فَلَا تَنْتَهِكُوهَا، وَسَكَتَ عَنْ أَشْيَاءَ رَحْمَةً لَكُمْ غَيْرَ نِسْيَانٍ فَلَا تَبْحَثُوا عَنْهَا

حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ، رَوَاهُ الدَّارَقُطْنِيّ ْ”في سننه” [4/184]، وَغَيْرُهُ

On the authority of Hazrat Abu Tha’labah al-Kushanee — Jurthoom bin Naashir Radiallahu Anhu — that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

Verily Allah Ta’ala has has laid down religious obligations (Faraaidh), so do not neglect them. He has set limits, so do not transgress them. He has prohibited some things, so do not violate them, and He has remained silent about some things, out of compassion for you, not forgetfulness — so do not seek after them.                                                                  

[A Hasan Hadeeth narrated by Daraquthni and others]

 

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

There are four important things outlined in this Hadith :

(1) Fulfilment of Obligations (2) Avoidance of Prohibitions (3) Non Transgression of Allah Ta’ala’s limits and bounds (4) Abstention from probing in those things regarding which Shariah is silent about.

This Hadith is one of the great sources of Deen, hence whoever acts by this Hadith has obtained reward and is safe from punishment, since he discharges his obligations and avoids what is prohibited and remains within the limits, and gives up probing and researching those matters that have been kept hidden from him through the Mercy of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala, ie: those things regarding which Allah Ta’ala is silent. The person is then pardoned. So accept from Allah His pardon, because Allah Ta’ala will never forget to reveal anything which is required for man, be it Halaal or Haraam. 

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam in another narration, struck the simile of Islam, as a straight smooth path which makes the one who travels it reach his goal. And along with it’s straightness, it has no crookedness or any deviations. Hence, it is near and easy. 

On the two sides of this path (the right and the left) are two walls, which are likened to the limits and boundaries of Allah Ta’ala. Just as walls prevent a person from transgressing and passing beyond them, similarly, Islam (Shariah) prevents a person that enters this path from going beyond it’s limits and crossing over them, ie: one does not go beyond anything that Allah Ta’ala has made forbidden. Hence, Allah Ta’ala praises those who safeguard Allah Ta’ala’s limits and boundaries and Allah blames those who do not recognise Halaal and Haraam.

Allah Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Quraan :

تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَعْتَدُوهَا

These are the limits of Allah, so do not transgress them ~  Surah Al-Baqarah 2:229

November 16, 2017

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LESSON THIRTY | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 29 |The Doors to Paradise

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Thirty  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 29  |
The Doors to Paradise

عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قُلْت يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! أَخْبِرْنِي بِعَمَلٍ يُدْخِلُنِي الْجَنَّةَ وَيُبَاعِدْنِي مِنْ النَّارِ، قَالَ: “لَقَدْ سَأَلْت عَنْ عَظِيمٍ، وَإِنَّهُ لَيَسِيرٌ عَلَى مَنْ يَسَّرَهُ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ: تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لَا تُشْرِكْ بِهِ شَيْئًا، وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلَاةَ، وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ، وَتَصُومُ رَمَضَانَ، وَتَحُجُّ الْبَيْتَ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أَدُلُّك عَلَى أَبْوَابِ الْخَيْرِ؟ الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ، وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ النَّارَ، وَصَلَاةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي جَوْفِ اللَّيْلِ، ثُمَّ تَلَا: ” تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ ” حَتَّى بَلَغَ “يَعْمَلُونَ”،[ 32 سورة السجدة / الأيتان : 16 و 17 ] ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أُخْبِرُك بِرَأْسِ الْأَمْرِ وَعَمُودِهِ وَذُرْوَةِ سَنَامِهِ؟ قُلْت: بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ. قَالَ: رَأْسُ الْأَمْرِ الْإِسْلَامُ، وَعَمُودُهُ الصَّلَاةُ، وَذُرْوَةُ سَنَامِهِ الْجِهَادُ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَلَا أُخْبِرُك بِمَلَاكِ ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ؟ فقُلْت: بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ! فَأَخَذَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَقَالَ: كُفَّ عَلَيْك هَذَا. قُلْت: يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ وَإِنَّا لَمُؤَاخَذُونَ بِمَا نَتَكَلَّمُ بِهِ؟ فَقَالَ: ثَكِلَتْك أُمُّك وَهَلْ يَكُبُّ النَّاسَ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ -أَوْ قَالَ عَلَى مَنَاخِرِهِمْ- إلَّا حَصَائِدُ أَلْسِنَتِهِمْ؟!رَوَاهُ التِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:2616] وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

On the authority of Hazrat Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhu who said:I said, “O Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], tell me of an act which will take me into Paradise and will keep me away from the Hellfire.”

He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “You have asked me about a great matter, yet it is easy for him for whom Allah makes it easy: worship Allah without associating any partners with Him; establish the prayer; pay the Zakaat; fast in Ramadaan; and make the pilgrimage to the House.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not guide you towards the means of goodness? Fasting is a shield; charity wipes away sin as water extinguishes fire; and the praying of a man in the depths of the night.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] recited: “[Those] who forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (charity in Allah’s cause) out of what We have bestowed on them. No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.” [Surah As-Sajdah16-17]

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not inform you of the head of the matter, its pillar and its peak?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer and its peak is jihad.”

Then he [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Shall I not inform you of the foundation of all of that?” I said, “Yes, O Messenger of Allah.” So he took hold of his tongue and said, “Restrain this.” I said, “O Prophet of Allah, will we be taken to account for what we say with it?” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “May your mother be bereaved of you, O Muadh! Is there anything that throws people into the Hellfire upon their faces — or: on their noses — except the harvests of their tongues?”

It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said it was a good and sound Hadeeth

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

From this Hadith we learn about the actions which lead a person to paradise and save him from Jahannum.

We understand, in reply to an excellent question that Hazrat Muadh bin Jabal Radiallahu Anhu had posed to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, the type of righteous deeds that would lead one to Jannah.

It is indeed the overflowing Mercy and Bounty of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala upon His servant, that Allah Ta’ala directs him towards doing these good deeds that ultimately enter him into Paradise.

Like the previous Ahadeeth, we were clearly shown that admittance into Jannah is consequential upon presenting the 5 pillars of Islam, namely ; Tauheed, Salaah, Zakaat, Saum and Hajj. Similarly, in this hadith as well, the same has been mentioned, that these are the obligations and duties of a Muslim.

Further, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam points out the ‘doors of good’ consisting of Nafl (optional) actions, that draw a person closer to Allah Ta’ala. The ‘doors of good’ (good deeds) specifically mentioned :

(a) Nafl fasts : which are a shield for a person 

Just like a shield protects a person in times of war, similarly fasting protects a person who uses it, from acts of disobedience in this world, and, it will become a shield against the fire of Jahannum in the hereafter.Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : الصَّوْمُ جُنَّةٌ مَا لَمْ يَخْرِقْهَا “Fasting is a shield, so long as you do not pierce it.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i] …  meaning ‘piercing it with evil speech’.

 

(b) Sadaqah : which extinguishes the sins of a person

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :وَالصَّدَقَةُ تُطْفِئُ الْخَطِيئَةَ كَمَا يُطْفِئُ الْمَاءُ النَّارَ “Charity extinguishes bad deeds just as water extinguishes fire” [Tirmidhi]

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : “Charity in secret extinguishes the wrath of the Lord and protects against an evil death” [Tirmidhi]

 

(c) Tahajjud Salaah : … the praying of a man in the depths of the night.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :

عَلَيْكُمْ بِقِيَامِ اللَّيْلِ فَإِنَّهُ دَأْبُ الصَّالِحِينَ قَبْلَكُمْ وَإِنَّ قِيَامَ اللَّيْلِ قُرْبَةٌ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَمَنْهَاةٌ عَنِ الإِثْمِ وَتَكْفِيرٌ لِلسَّيِّئَاتِ وَمَطْرَدَةٌ لِلدَّاءِ عَنِ الْجَسَدِ

“Hold fast to Qiyam al-Layl, for (1) it is the practice of the righteous before you, and indeed Qiyam al-Layl is (2) a means of nearness to Allah, (3) a means of prevention from sin, (4) an expiation for bad deeds, and (5) a barrier for the body against disease.” [Tirmidhi]

We have been encouraged to read Tahajjud Salaah, in the last portion (of the middle) of the night. Some commentators explain what is meant by this, is the middle of the second-half, which is the fifth portion of the six portions of the night. This is the time when the Divine Mercy of Allah Ta’ala descends.…

In conclusion, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned some pertinent advices.

• He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, رَأْسُ الْأَمْرِ الْإِسْلَامُ ‘The head of the matter’ meaning: The head of the matter (Deen) is Shahaadah, so whomsoever does not affirm them inwardly and outwardly, has nothing to do with Islam.

• And, وَعَمُودُهُ الصَّلَاةُ ‘its pillar is the prayer’ meaning : in the same way a large tent stands upright because of it’s central pillar, the subsistence of Deen by means of which it stands upright is Salaah.

• And, وَذُرْوَةُ سَنَامِهِ الْجِهَاد  ‘it’s peak is jihad’ meaning : in the same way a camels hump is raised at it’s peak, the uppermost part of our Deen is Jihaad (striving in the path of Allah Ta’ala)

Lastly, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : “Shall I not inform you of the foundation of all of that?” … and that is to ‘guard one’s tongue’ prudently, keep it within bounds, control the tongue and be cautious with regards to the usage of the tongue. The harvest of the tongue is the recompense for saying things which are forbidden. On the day of Qiyaamah, he will reap what he has sowed …

November 9, 2017

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​Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 9~11~17

bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 9~11~17

Recitation of Surah Mulk • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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November 9, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-NINE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 28 |Adhering to the Sunnah

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Nine  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 28  |

Adhering to the Sunnah

 

عَنْ أَبِي نَجِيحٍ الْعِرْبَاضِ بْنِ سَارِيَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: “وَعَظَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم مَوْعِظَةً وَجِلَتْ مِنْهَا الْقُلُوبُ، وَذَرَفَتْ مِنْهَا الْعُيُونُ، فَقُلْنَا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! كَأَنَّهَا مَوْعِظَةُ مُوَدِّعٍ فَأَوْصِنَا، قَالَ: أُوصِيكُمْ بِتَقْوَى اللَّهِ، وَالسَّمْعِ وَالطَّاعَةِ وَإِنْ تَأَمَّرَ عَلَيْكُمْ عَبْدٌ، فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ يَعِشْ مِنْكُمْ فَسَيَرَى اخْتِلَافًا كَثِيرًا، فَعَلَيْكُمْ بِسُنَّتِي وَسُنَّةِ الْخُلَفَاءِ الرَّاشِدِينَ الْمَهْدِيينَ، عَضُّوا عَلَيْهَا بِالنَّوَاجِذِ، وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَمُحْدَثَاتِ الْأُمُورِ؛ فَإِنَّ كُلَّ بِدْعَةٍ ضَلَالَةٌ

رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ، وَاَلتِّرْمِذِيُّ [رقم:266] وَقَالَ: حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ

On the authority of Hazrat Abu Najeeh al-’Irbaad ibn Saariyah Radiallahu Anhu who said: Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam gave us a sermon by which our hearts were filled with fear and tears came to our eyes. So we said, “O Rasullullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)! It is as though this is a farewell sermon, so counsel us.” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, I counsel you to have Taqwa (fear) of Allah, and to listen and obey [your leader], even if a slave were to become your Ameer. Verily he among you who lives long will see great controversy, so you must keep to my Sunnah and to the Sunnah of the Khulafa ar-Rashideen (the rightly guided caliphs), those who guide to the right way. Cling on to it [literally: with your molar teeth]. Beware of newly invented matters [in the religion], for verily every Bidah (innovation) is misguidance. [Abu Dawud]

It was related by at-Tirmidhi, who said that it was a good and sound Hadeeth.

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we learn that the Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum requested Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to give them some Nasiha (advice). And from the degree, manner and usage of words that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam spoke in the Khuthbah delivered to them, they understood that it may be a farewell admonition. Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam advised them firstly :

(1) in having Taqwa

(2) and to hear and obey ;

This refers to hearing and obeying the Ameer (leader) of the time. Whoever is appointed as leader of the time, be it a prominent person or an Abyssinian slave (alienated from nobility), one is commanded in this Hadith to obey the instructions and commands of such a leader, provided that this appointed leader is following the Qur’aan and Sunnah and not a person of incorrect beliefs and executing impermissible (Haraam) instructions to society.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam emphasized obedience towards the appointed Ameer (leader), and prophesized that a time will come when disagreements will arise. And so, during times of disagreement and disputes, one has been instructed by Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to hold firmly onto his (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam’s) way of life and the way of life of the four rightly-guided Khulafah (Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique RA / Hazrat Umar Farouk RA / Hazrat Uthmaan Ghani RA / Hazrat Ali Murtadha RA).

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam specifically forewarned the Believers in practising upon Bid’aah (innovations). *Bid’ah (innovations) leads a person astray.

*Bid’ah (innovations) was discussed in detail in Hadith #5 of Arba’een of Imaam Nawawi Rahmatullah Alayh.

November 9, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-EIGHT | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 27 | Righteousness and Sin

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Eight  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 27  |

Righteousness and Sin

عَنْ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ، وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِك، وَكَرِهْت أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ” رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ

[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

وَعَنْ وَابِصَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: أَتَيْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فَقَالَ: “جِئْتَ تَسْأَلُ عَنْ الْبِرِّ؟ قُلْت: نَعَمْ. فقَالَ: استفت قلبك، الْبِرُّ مَا اطْمَأَنَّتْ إلَيْهِ النَّفْسُ، وَاطْمَأَنَّ إلَيْهِ الْقَلْبُ، وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي النَّفْسِ وَتَرَدَّدَ فِي الصَّدْرِ، وَإِنْ أَفْتَاك النَّاسُ وَأَفْتَوْك

Hazrat an-Nawas bin Sam’an Radiallahu Anhu, narrates that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: Righteousness is in good character, and wrongdoing is that which wavers in your soul, and which you dislike people finding out about. [Muslim]

And on the authority of Hazrat Wabisah bin Ma’bad Radiallahu Anhu, who said: I came to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and he (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “You have come to ask about righteousness.” I said, “Yes.” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Consult your heart. Righteousness is that about which the soul feels tranquil and the heart feels tranquil, and sin is what creates restlessness in the soul and moves to and fro in the heart, even though people give you their opinion (in your favour) and continue to do so.”

. . .

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith explains Birr (righteousness) and Ithm (vice), which are literally translated as good deeds and bad deeds.

BIRR

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala explains Al-Birr in this verse of the Noble Qur’aan :

لَّيْسَ الْبِرَّ أَن تُوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ قِبَلَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ وَلَٰكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَالْمَلَائِكَةِ وَالْكِتَابِ وَالنَّبِيِّينَ وَآتَى الْمَالَ عَلَىٰ حُبِّهِ ذَوِي الْقُرْبَىٰ وَالْيَتَامَىٰ وَالْمَسَاكِينَ وَابْنَ السَّبِيلِ وَالسَّائِلِينَ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَأَقَامَ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَى الزَّكَاةَ وَالْمُوفُونَ بِعَهْدِهِمْ إِذَا عَاهَدُوا ۖ وَالصَّابِرِينَ فِي الْبَأْسَاءِ وَالضَّرَّاءِ وَحِينَ الْبَأْسِ ۗ أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ صَدَقُوا ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُتَّقُونَ

Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allah , the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveller, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives Zakaah; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who are the righteous. ~ Surah Al-Baqarah 2:177

 

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions Al-Birr (ie: treating people well and having a good behaviour) in the Noble Qur’aan : 

وَتَعَاوَنُوا عَلَى الْبِرِّ وَالتَّقْوَىٰ

Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); ~Surah Al-Mā’idah 5:2

• Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam explained Birr as good character and that which towards the heart and the self are at rest. Treating people with good and kind behaviour, especially being dutiful to one’s parents, and to help each other in goodness are some meanings of Birr, from different Nussoos (texts) of Hadith and verses of the Qur’aan.

• Birr is the performance of all inward and outward acts of obedience, ie; it comprises of Imaan in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, establishing Salaah, Zaakah, fulfilling contracts, being patient, accepting destiny … etc. 

• In this particular Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam mentioned Birr as good character, since good character may mean taking on the qualities of character of the Shariah and taking on the courtesy which Allah teaches His slaves in the Qur’aaan.

• In the second narration of this Hadith, Birr is referred to as that with which the self is at rest and the heart is at ease with. This shows that  Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala  has created His servants with the ability or disposition to recognize the truth, to be at ease with it and to accept it. And, He fixed in the heart the aversion of it’s opposite.

• The heart of a Mu’min is tranquil and at rest when the light of Imaan enters it. It becomes at ease, tranquil and accepting to the truth. And, it flees in aversion and detests falsehood and is unaccepting to falsehood. Thus, the affair of truth and falsehood is not confusing to a Mu’min who has gained this insight from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

ITHM

Ithm is that which the heart becomes agitated with. It experiences difficulty, constriction, unease, disturbance… It does not expand towards acceptance and regards righteousness as being wrong. A person would not like people to discover this about himself because, he knows that if people become aware of his unaccepting characteristic, they will also regard this particular act or deed of his as wrong.

Even though some people give a judgment in favour of this persons action, one may find that such people issue fatwas according to their own whims and not based on sound knowledge from Qur’aan and Sunnah.

November 3, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Alcock Musallah 2~11~17

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Zikr Majlis ~ Alcock Musallah  2~11~17

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November 2, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-SEVEN | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 26 |Gratitude to Allah

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Five  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 26  |

Gratitude to Allah

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “كُلُّ سُلَامَى مِنْ النَّاسِ عَلَيْهِ صَدَقَةٌ، كُلَّ يَوْمٍ تَطْلُعُ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ تَعْدِلُ بَيْنَ اثْنَيْنِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُعِينُ الرَّجُلَ فِي دَابَّتِهِ فَتَحْمِلُهُ عَلَيْهَا أَوْ تَرْفَعُ لَهُ عَلَيْهَا مَتَاعَهُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَالْكَلِمَةُ الطَّيِّبَةُ صَدَقَةٌ، وَبِكُلِّ خُطْوَةٍ تَمْشِيهَا إلَى الصَّلَاةِ صَدَقَةٌ، وَتُمِيطُ الْأَذَى عَنْ الطَّرِيقِ صَدَقَةٌ”

.[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ] [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu narrates that : Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said “Every joint of a person must perform a charity each day that the sun rises: to judge justly between two people is a charity. To help a man with his mount, lifting him onto it or hoisting up his belongings onto it, is a charity. And the good word is a charity. And every step that you take towards the prayer is a charity, and removing a harmful object from the road is a charity.”     [Bukhaari] [Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

The meaning of this Hadith is, that the structure and organization of the bones of the body and their safety is indeed a very great blessing that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has granted each of His slaves … so that every bone demands that we give back a charity (Sadaqah) on behalf of it as an expression of gratitude for this great blessing.

Like the previous Hadith (#25), Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam also explains that charity does not necessarily mean material wealth that a person has to give, but varieties of (other) deeds have been mentioned in this Hadith, which tantamount to giving charity eg: to act justly in a dispute between two people is also regarded as charity ; a kind word is also regarded as charity ; removing a harmful object from the road is also regarded as charity.

So, the outward meaning of this Hadith shows that gratitude together with this Sadaqah (that has been discussed) is necessary for every Believer, in every day of our life. One way of expressing this gratitude is by doing these actions that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned in this particular Hadith.

November 2, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-SIX | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 25 |Equal Opportunity

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 

 |  Lesson Twenty-Six  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

 

|  Hadith 25  |

Equal Opportunity

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ أَيْضًا، “أَنَّ نَاسًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالُوا لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ذَهَبَ أَهْلُ الدُّثُورِ بِالْأُجُورِ؛ يُصَلُّونَ كَمَا نُصَلِّي، وَيَصُومُونَ كَمَا نَصُومُ، وَيَتَصَدَّقُونَ بِفُضُولِ أَمْوَالِهِمْ. قَالَ: أَوَلَيْسَ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ مَا تَصَّدَّقُونَ؟ إنَّ بِكُلِّ تَسْبِيحَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَكْبِيرَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَحْمِيدَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَكُلِّ تَهْلِيلَةٍ صَدَقَةً، وَأَمْرٌ بِمَعْرُوفٍ صَدَقَةٌ، وَنَهْيٌ عَنْ مُنْكَرٍ صَدَقَةٌ، وَفِي بُضْعِ أَحَدِكُمْ صَدَقَةٌ. قَالُوا: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَيَأْتِي أَحَدُنَا شَهْوَتَهُ وَيَكُونُ لَهُ فِيهَا أَجْرٌ؟ قَالَ: أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ وَضَعَهَا فِي حَرَامٍ أَكَانَ عَلَيْهِ وِزْرٌ؟ فَكَذَلِكَ إذَا وَضَعَهَا فِي الْحَلَالِ، كَانَ لَهُ أَجْرٌ”

  [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Also on the authority of Hazrat Abu Dharr Radiallahu Anhu : Some people from amongst the Companions of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, “O Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], the affluent have made off with the rewards; they pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give [much] in charity by virtue of their wealth.” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Has not Allah made things for you to give in charity? Truly every Tasbeehah [saying: ‘Subhan-Allah’] is a charity, and every Takbeerah [saying: ‘Allahu Akbar’] is a charity, and every Tahmeedah [saying: ‘Al-hamdu lillah’] is a charity, and every Tahleelah [saying: ‘Laa ilaha ilAllah’] is a charity. And commanding the good is a charity, and forbidding an evil is a charity, and in the bud`i [sexual act] of each one of you there is a charity.” They said, “Rasullullah [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam], when one of us fulfils his carnal desire will he have some reward for that?” He [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] said, “Do you not see that if he were to act upon it [his desire] in an unlawful manner then he would be deserving of punishment? Likewise, if he were to act upon it in a lawful manner then he will be deserving of a reward.” [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith we learn that one can do good works of charity, not necessarily by giving out material possessions (eg: money) to the poor. But, one could also gain the reward of charity by the mere recitation of SubhaanAllah, Allahu Akbar, Alhumdulilah, Laa ilaha ilAllah, or commanding somebody with good, or prohibiting evil, or even the correct utilization of one’s private parts and fulfilling one’s desires with one’s wife. All these are equivalent in reaping the same rewards that a person attains when giving out monetary charity.

We learn further, of the strong desire and eagerness that these Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum possessed to perform righteous deeds and actions coupled with the grief that they used to suffer due to not being able to do those good deeds. These Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum were very poor and presumed that the only way to give charity was with property and wealth. They lacked material possessions to execute monetary charitable actions of Shariah … eg: they would grieve over staying behind from expeditions of Jihaad due to lack of weaponry and conveyance that they could not meet the expense of.

Hence, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  explained to them all the varieties of virtues and good actions a person could do, that are regarded to be different types of charity (Sadaqah).

October 29, 2017

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Dua when Visiting the Sick

bismillahhDua when Visiting the Sick

 

لَا بَأْسَ طَهُورٌ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ

LA BA’SA TAHOORUN INSHA-ALLAH

Do not worry … Your illness will be a means of cleansing of your sins, if Allah Wills ~ Bukhaari

Hazrat Ibn ‘Abbas RadhiAllahu Anhu reported Rasulullah Sallallaahu alayhi Wasallam visited a bedouin who was sick. Whenever he visited an ailing person, he would say, “La ba’sa, tahoorun In Sha’ Allah – [ Do not despair, Your sickness will be a means of cleansing your sins, if Allah wills].” ~ Bukhaari

وعنه أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الله عليه وسلم صلى الله عليه وسلم ، دخل علي أعرأبي يعوده وكان إذا دخل علي من يعوده قال‏:‏ ‏ “‏لا بأس، طهور إن شاء الله‏
‏(‏رواه البخاري‏)‏‏

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October 26, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 26~10~17

bismillahh

Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 26~10~17

• Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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October 26, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-FIVE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 24 |Forbiddance of Oppression

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

 |  Lesson Twenty-Five  |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

|  Hadith 24  |

Forbiddance of Oppression

 

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ الْغِفَارِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم فِيمَا يَرْوِيهِ عَنْ رَبِّهِ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى، أَنَّهُ قَالَ: “يَا عِبَادِي: إنِّي حَرَّمْت الظُّلْمَ عَلَى نَفْسِي، وَجَعَلْته بَيْنَكُمْ مُحَرَّمًا؛ فَلَا تَظَالَمُوا. يَا عِبَادِي! كُلُّكُمْ ضَالٌّ إلَّا مَنْ هَدَيْته، فَاسْتَهْدُونِي أَهْدِكُمْ. يَا عِبَادِي! كُلُّكُمْ جَائِعٌ إلَّا مَنْ أَطْعَمْته، فَاسْتَطْعِمُونِي أُطْعِمْكُمْ. يَا عِبَادِي! كُلُّكُمْ عَارٍ إلَّا مَنْ كَسَوْته، فَاسْتَكْسُونِي أَكْسُكُمْ. يَا عِبَادِي! إنَّكُمْ تُخْطِئُونَ بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ، وَأَنَا أَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا؛ فَاسْتَغْفِرُونِي أَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ. يَا عِبَادِي! إنَّكُمْ لَنْ تَبْلُغُوا ضُرِّي فَتَضُرُّونِي، وَلَنْ تَبْلُغُوا نَفْعِي فَتَنْفَعُونِي. يَا عِبَادِي! لَوْ أَنَّ أَوَّلَكُمْ وَآخِرَكُمْ وَإِنْسَكُمْ وَجِنَّكُمْ كَانُوا عَلَى أَتْقَى قَلْبِ رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ، مَا زَادَ ذَلِكَ فِي مُلْكِي شَيْئًا. يَا عِبَادِي! لَوْ أَنَّ أَوَّلَكُمْ وَآخِرَكُمْ وَإِنْسَكُمْ وَجِنَّكُمْ كَانُوا عَلَى أَفْجَرِ قَلْبِ رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ، مَا نَقَصَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ مُلْكِي شَيْئًا. يَا عِبَادِي! لَوْ أَنَّ أَوَّلَكُمْ وَآخِرَكُمْ وَإِنْسَكُمْ وَجِنَّكُمْ قَامُوا فِي صَعِيدٍ وَاحِدٍ، فَسَأَلُونِي، فَأَعْطَيْت كُلَّ وَاحِدٍ مَسْأَلَته، مَا نَقَصَ ذَلِكَ مِمَّا عِنْدِي إلَّا كَمَا يَنْقُصُ الْمِخْيَطُ إذَا أُدْخِلَ الْبَحْرَ. يَا عِبَادِي! إنَّمَا هِيَ أَعْمَالُكُمْ أُحْصِيهَا لَكُمْ، ثُمَّ أُوَفِّيكُمْ إيَّاهَا؛ فَمَنْ وَجَدَ خَيْرًا فَلْيَحْمَدْ اللَّهَ، وَمَنْ وَجَدَ غَيْرَ ذَلِكَ فَلَا يَلُومَن إلَّا نَفْسَهُ”

[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree Radiallahu Anhu narrates from Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam among the sayings he relates from his Lord (Blessed and Exalted is He) Who said:

“O My servants, I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it forbidden amongst you, so do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except for those I have guided, so seek guidance of Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except for those I have fed, so seek food of Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except for those I have clothed, so seek clothing of Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you sin by night and by day, and I forgive all sins, so seek forgiveness of Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will not attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will not attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to become as pious as the most pious heart of any one man of you, that would not increase My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to be as wicked as the most wicked heart of any one man of you, that would not decrease My kingdom in anything. O My servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the human of you and the jinn of you to rise up in one place and make a request of Me, and were I to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what I have, any more than a needle decreases the ocean if put into it. O My servants, it is but your deeds that I reckon up for you and then recompense you for, so let him who finds good praise Allah, and let him who finds other than that blame no one but himself.”

[Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

In this Hadith which is a Hadith-e-Qudsi, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala declares Zulm (oppression) to be Haraam. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is ‘Aadil (Just). Amongst the beautiful names of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is Al ‘Adl (the One who delivers absolute justice).

> Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala mentions in the Noble Qur’aan :

وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدًا  … and your Lord treats no one with injustice. [Surah Kahf 18:49]

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ ۖ Indeed, Allah does not do injustice, [even] as much as an atom’s weight; [Surah An-Nisaa 4:40]

It is inconceivable that Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will oppress or punish any innocent person! Despite this inconceivability, Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala has explicitly stated in this Hadith-e-Qudsi :

إنِّي حَرَّمْت الظُّلْمَ عَلَى نَفْسِي   I have forbidden oppression for Myself

> Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned in a Hadith :

اِتَّقُوا اَلظُّلْمَ, فَإِنَّ اَلظُّلْمَ ظُلُمَاتٌ يَوْمَ اَلْقِيَامَةِ

Save yourself from oppression (injustice) because injustice will be the cause of excessive darkness on the day of Qiyaamah [Muslim]

> In another Hadith, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned :

وَاتَّقِ دَعْوَةَ الْمَظْلُومِ فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ حِجَابٌ

* Beware the curse of the oppressed, for there is no barrier between his supplication and Allah [Bukhaari]

*ie : Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala readily accepts the Du’a of an oppressed person against the oppressor.

> Another Hadith of Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam dispraises injustice by mentioning :

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَيُمْلِي لِلظَّالِمِ حَتَّى إِذَا أَخَذَهُ لَمْ يُفْلِتْهُ

*Allah gives respite to the oppressor, but when He seizes him (the oppressor), He never lets him escape. [Bukhaari]

*The oppressor will suffer the consequences of his oppression in Dunya, in the Qabr and especially on the day of Qiyamah when he will be thrown into Jahannum.

 

Furthermore, from this Hadith,

we have understood that :

 

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is the Giver of Hidayah. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is the One who feeds and clothes every person. Man’s complete dependence is upon Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. Therefore, Allah has commanded man to seek clothing, sustenance and guidance from Him alone.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala becomes pleased with the one who begs and asks from Him and displeased with the one who does not ask of Him.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala Alone is the Forgiver of sins. Despite the countless sins we commit, Allah is prepared to forgive all our sins. Hence, we have to turn only to Allah in repentance.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala is independent. Neither does man’s obedience benefit Him nor does man’s disobedience harm Him. Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala needs no-one! His Sovereignty is not increased by the worship of His faithful servants nor is it diminished by the disobedience of His rebellious servants.

• Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala treasures are full and never become exhausted.

• Man has to remain engaged in good deeds in order to benefit from maximum rewards in the hereafter. Hence, if one has been granted the opportunity in doing good deeds, then he should praise Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. On the day of Qiyamah, if he finds that he has only sins recorded against him, then he should not reproach anybody but himself.

 

Summary of points discussed :

(1) The harms of oppression / Allah has made oppression Haraam upon us (2) Man should ask only Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala for guidance/sustenance/clothing (3) Only Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will forgive sins (4) Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala does not benefit in any way by the worship of His slaves nor is He harmed by the disobedience of His slaves  (5) Man should continue doing good deeds to reap the full reward on the day of Qiyamah

October 20, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-FOUR | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

bismillahh

DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 23 | Deeds that lead to Entering Paradise

DOWNLOAD NOTES > PDF

 

 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON TWENTY-FOUR   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


| Hadith 23 |

Deeds that lead to Entering Paradise

عَنْ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَاصِمٍ الْأَشْعَرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “الطَّهُورُ شَطْرُ الْإِيمَانِ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلَأُ الْمِيزَانَ، وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ تَمْلَآنِ -أَوْ: تَمْلَأُ- مَا بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ، وَالصَّلَاةُ نُورٌ، وَالصَّدَقَةُ بُرْهَانٌ، وَالصَّبْرُ ضِيَاءٌ، وَالْقُرْآنُ حُجَّةٌ لَك أَوْ عَلَيْك، كُلُّ النَّاسِ يَغْدُو، فَبَائِعٌ نَفْسَهُ فَمُعْتِقُهَا أَوْ مُوبِقُهَا”.

[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ].

 

Hazrat Abu Maalik al-Haarith bin Aasim al-Ash’aree Radiallahu Anhu narrated: Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said :

Purification is half of Imaan (faith). Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah) fills the scales, and SubhaanAllah (Pure and Perfect and above every imperfection and need is Allah) and Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah), together (or each) fill what is between the heavens and the earth. And the Salaah (prayer) is a light, and charity is a proof, and patience is illumination, and The Qur’aan is either an argument for or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or bringing about its ruin.”                                                                                                [Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

This Hadith, encompasses some basic important deeds in our Deen, through which every Muslim can free himself from the punishment of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala in the hereafter.

These deeds are as follows : Purification of the body and soul ; Tasbeehaat (the Zikr of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) ; establishing Salaah ; giving Sadaqah ; having patience and reading and abiding by the Qur’aan.

What is meant by purification? One is the physical cleanliness of the body which Islam emphasises. One has to ensure that his body is Paak (clean). Our homes, our surroundings, our Masaajids are always clean. Some of the scholars mention the meaning as ‘purification of the heart’, ie: one’s heart needs to be free from Kufr and Shirk (disbelief and association of partners with Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) and even, other spiritual maladies.

Thereafter, Tasbehaat (specifically Alhumdulilah and SubhaanAllah) has been mentioned. These two phrases fill in the spaces between the heavens and the earth, showing the magnanimity, greatness and significance of these Tasbeehaat and how rewarding they are.

Salaah is a light which guides a Believer in his journey towards Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. It is a light in the darkness of the Qabr (grave). Salaah is a light that grants a person the recognition of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. It enables him to restrain from all evil. On the day of Qiyamah it will be a Noor (light) for a person when there will be darkness.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam had given a very stern warning regarding the person who abstains from performing Salaah. The Hadith mentions: “For the person who adheres to Salaah, on the Day of Resurrection, his Salaah will become a means of his Nur (light), Burhan (proof) and Najaat (salvation). And, for the person who discards it , there will be no Nur, no Burhan and no Najaat on that day. He will be (resurrected) with (evil ones like) Qaroon, Firoun, Hamaan and Ubay bin Khalaf”. [Mishkaat]

Sadaqah (charity) is a proof of one’s Imaan and love for Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. A Mu’min despite having a link and bond with his wealth is prepared to sacrifice his wealth for the sake of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

Sabr (patience) within it’s three categories ie: (1) patience in obedience (Sabr Alat Ta’aat) ; (2) patience against Allah’s disobedience (Sabr Anil Ma’asee) ; (3) patience during calamities (Sabr Alal Ma’asib), are all a light that will guide a Believer during challenging times and assist him during adversity and difficulties. Patience will be a light for a Believer on the day of Qiyamah.

The Qur’aan will be a Hujjah (proof) in one’s favour and intercede on behalf it’s reciter on the day of Qiyaamah. The Qur’aan will serve as a proof for those who recited it and fulfilled it’s rights and equally serve as a proof for those who neglect the Qur’aan and do not fulfil it’s rights.

The last part of the Hadith explains the fact that every morning we emerge from our homes and either we will gain closeness to Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala or we will gain the wrath of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. By obeying Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and doing those actions that will please Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala we will be releasing our souls from the fire of Jahannum. On the contrary, if we disobey Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala then we will be destroying ourselves in the fire of Jahannum.

October 20, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-THREE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 22 | Hastening to Do Good

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON TWENTY-THREE   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

| Hadith 22 |

Hastening to Do Good

عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْأَنْصَارِيِّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا: أَنَّ رَجُلًا سَأَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم فَقَالَ: أَرَأَيْت إذَا صَلَّيْت الْمَكْتُوبَاتِ، وَصُمْت رَمَضَانَ، وَأَحْلَلْت الْحَلَالَ، وَحَرَّمْت الْحَرَامَ، وَلَمْ أَزِدْ عَلَى ذَلِكَ شَيْئًا؛ أَأَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْ

[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abu Abdullah Jaabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaari Radiallahu Anhuma narrated : A man asked Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam : “Tell me if I pray the prescribed (prayers), fast during Ramadaan, treat the lawful as permissible (halaal), treat the forbidden as prohibited (haraam), then shall I enter Paradise?” He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) answered: “Yes.

 [Muslim]

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith shows that whoever undertakes the obligations and avoids the prohibited things will enter paradise.

The requirements for entering Jannah are practicing on the five pillars of Islam and abiding by that which Allah has made permissible and refraining from that which Allah has forbidden.

Hajj and Zakaat has not been mentioned in this Hadith. Some Ulema explain that most probably, the person who posed this question to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam was a poor Sahaabi upon whom Hajj and Zakaat was not obligatory upon, due to insufficient means. Hence, he did not mention these two important pillars.

What is meant by considering Halaal and Haraam, is to do that which Allah and Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has made lawful (Halaal) and avoid that which is forbidden (Haraam). 

A Believer accepts this wholeheartedly, and does not change the meaning or alter the context of the injunction of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala and Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to appease the beliefs of others, or by expressing his own personal opinions instead of the laws stated by Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

October 20, 2017

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 19~10~17

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Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 19~10~17

Recitation of 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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October 15, 2017

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Death Is Inevitable

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  ۗ أَيْنَمَا تَكُونُوا يُدْرِككُّمُ الْمَوْتُ وَلَوْ كُنتُمْ فِي بُرُوجٍ مُّشَيَّدَةٍ

“Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!” ~ Surah An Nisaa 4:78

. . .

Jumuah Bayaan ~ Musjid e Noor 13~10~17

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October 12, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-TWO | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 21 | Steadfastness

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON TWENTY-TWO   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  Hadith 21  |

Steadfastness (Istiqamah)

 

عَنْ أَبِي عَمْرٍو وَقِيلَ: أَبِي عَمْرَةَ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قُلْت: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ! 

قُلْ لِي فِي الْإِسْلَامِ قَوْلًا لَا أَسْأَلُ عَنْهُ أَحَدًا غَيْرَك؛ قَالَ: قُلْ: أمَنْت بِاَللَّهِ ثُمَّ اسْتَقِمْ

[رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ]

Hazrat Abi Amr Radiallahu Anhu and it also said Hazrat Abi Amrah Sufyaan bin Abdullah Radiallahu Anhu who said: “I said, “O Rasullullah! (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) … tell me a statement about Islam such that I will not have to ask anyone other than you”. He (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) answered, “Say, I believe in Allah and then stand firm and steadfast (on that)”.

[Muslim]

 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

 

In this Hadith, we understand that Sufyaan bin Abdullah Radiallahu Anhu makes a request to Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam to teach him some comprehensive words concerning the matter of Islam, which would be sufficient that he would not need anything else after that.

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said to him, Say, I have Imaan in Allah and then go straight ahead and then be steadfast on it”.

This all embracing advice covers all aspects of our Deen, more especially, our beliefs (Aqeedah) and our actions (A’maal).

: أمَنْت بِاَللَّهِ ‘I have brought Imaan in Allah’, affirming thereby, one has become a true believer, one has accepted all the fundamental beliefs of Deen, one will fulfil the demands of Deen by adopting the qualities of a believer and one will become steadfast on every condition and every occasion. One will unswervingly continue to discharge the obligations of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala.

Hazrat ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab Radiallahu Anhu would recite the following verse :

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ

Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allah (Alone), and then remained on a right course (steadfast) the angels will descend upon them, [saying], “Do not fear and do not grieve but receive good tidings of Paradise, which you were promised. [Surah Fussilat 41:30]

and thereafter say, that this refers to the fact that they do not turn deceitfully, this way and that way, like the fox does. One remains conscious of Allah Ta’ala’s orders and avoids Allah Ta’ala’s disobedience and maintains firmness in executing the demands of Imaan and Islam, without dodging any command of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala or being deceitful in any way.

When the verse :

فَاسْتَقِمْ كَمَا أُمِرْتَ وَمَن تَابَ مَعَكَ وَلَا تَطْغَوْا ۚ إِنَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

Therefore stand firm (steadfast on the straight Path) as you have been commanded, and those who have turned back with you [in repentance to Allah ] and transgress not. Verily, He is All-Seer of what you do. [Surah Hud 11:112]

was revealed … Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam was never seen to be laughing again. He would hasten to exert himself energetically in fulfilling the commands of Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala as he had been commanded.

Isitiqaamah is travelling the straight path without turning away from it, to the right or to the left. It comprises doing all acts of obedience (outward and inward).

October 12, 2017

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LESSON TWENTY-ONE | 40 Ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه

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DOWNLOAD AUDIO > Hadith 20 | Modesty is from Faith

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 Lessons from Ahâdeeth Shareef by Moulana Naeem Motala  | Commentary on 40 ahâdeeth | Arba’een | of Imaam Nawawi رحمة الله عليه with emphasis on perfecting one’s character

|   LESSON TWENTY-ONE   |

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ نَحْمَدُهُ وَنَسْتَعِينُهُ وَنَسْتَغْفِرُهُ وَنُؤمِنُ بِهِ وَ نَتَوَ كَّلُ عَلَيهِ ، وَنَعُوْذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنْ شُرُوْرِ أَنْفُسِنَا وَمِنْ سَيِّئَاتِ أَعْمَالِنَا، مَنْ يَهْدِهِ اللَّهُ فَلاَ مُضِلَّ لَهُ وَمَنْ يُضْلِلْ فَلاَ هَادِيَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، وَنَشْهَدُ أَنَّ سَيِّدَناَ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ 

Verily all praise is for Allah, we praise Him and seek His aid and ask for His forgiveness and we believe in Him and we place our trust upon Him, and we seek refuge with Allah from the evils of ourselves and our evil actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none who can misguide him, and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none who can guide him, and we bear witness that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, having no partner, and we bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ ، وَعَلَى آلِ سَيِّدِناَ مُحَمَّدٍ وَبَارِكْ وَسَلِّمْ

Allahumma Salli ‘ala Sayyidina Muhammad Wa’ala Aali Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa Baarik Wa Sallim | Oh Allah shower blessings and peace upon our Master Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and upon the family of Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam


|  Hadith 20  |

Modesty (Hayaa) is from Faith (Imaan)

 

عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَمْرٍو الْأَنْصَارِيِّ الْبَدْرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم  

إنَّ مِمَّا أَدْرَكَ النَّاسُ مِنْ كَلَامِ النُّبُوَّةِ الْأُولَى: إذَا لَمْ تَسْتَحِ فَاصْنَعْ مَا شِئْت

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ]

Hazrat Abi Mas’ood Uqbah ibn Amr al-Ansaari al-Badri Radiallahu Anhum narrated that Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : 

Verily, among the words that have reached people from the early prophetic teachings is : “If you feel no shame, then do as you wish.”

 [Saheeh Bukhaari]

 

. . . 

|  BRIEF EXPLANTION  |

This Hadith discusses modesty (shamefulness). Modesty is a most beautiful quality placed in mankind, and it is also part of Imaan. It restrains a person from committing ugly acts and from showing mean and evil qualities of character. It orders the use of noble and exalted qualities of character. Hence, it is one of the qualities of Imaan.

For this reason, Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam mentioned in the Ahadeeth :

الْحَيَاءُ لاَ يَأْتِي إِلاَّ بِخَيْرٍ Modesty, only produces good … [Bukhaari]

الْحَيَاءُ خَيْرٌ كُلُّهُ ‏  “Modesty, all of it is good” … [Sunan Abi Dawood]

There are two interpretations of the Hadith being discussed : 

• Firstly, the command,  فَاصْنَعْ ‘do what you wish’ does not imply a command ‘to do as one pleases’ … but rather it is meant in the sense of ‘prohibition’. The word فَاصْنَعْ which is in the imperative sense is actually a warning (threat) from Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala. In other words, if you have no shame, then do as you want (wish), for Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala will pay you back (punish) for it.

• The second interpretation is that it is not a command, but informing us that someone who is not ashamed will do whatever he wants. Because, the thing that prevents the perpetration of ugly acts is a sense of shame or modesty. Someone who does not have a sense of modesty will involve himself in every indecent and repugnant behaviour.

Hazrat Salmaan Farsi Radiallahu Anhu had mentioned : “When Allah intends the destruction of a slave, he strips him of shame and when he has no shame, he will only receive him as someone who is hateful, and when he is someone who is hateful then he is stripped of trust … He will be a mistrusted and treacherous person. He will be deprived of mercy and become a harsh and coarse person. This will result in Imaan being taken off from his neck …” [Abu Nu’aym, Al-Hilyah, 1:204]

Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said : ‏ الْحَيَاءُ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ “Modesty is part of Imaan” [Tirmidi]

Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood Radiallahu Anhu said: “Modesty before Allah is that you guard the head and what it contains … and guard the belly and what it encloses … and that you remember death and decomposition”

One develops modesty in himself from becoming acquainted with Allah’s blessings and seeing that one falls short in gratitude to these blessings.

So, this Hadith, in which Rasullullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has mentioned : that amongst the words that people obtain from the first prophecies (sayings of the earliest Prophets), indicates that this statement was a common statement of the Ambiya Alayhimus Salaam.

This in itself, shows us the importance of Hayaa (modesty).

October 11, 2017

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Valuable Lessons from Surah Yusuf

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Valuable Lessons from Surah Yusuf 

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Adapted from the Majaalis of  Hazrat Moulana Naeem Motala DB

Ramadan 1438 ~Musjid e Noor ~ Durban ~ South Africa

October 5, 2017

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​Zikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 5~10~17

bismillahh.jpgZikr Majlis ~ Musjid e Noor 5~10~17

Recitation of Surah Mulk • 40 Durood and Salaam Upon Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam  • Short Advices •  Zikrullah • Dua

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October 1, 2017

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Āshura 1439

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Āshura 1439

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